city in and county seat of Wayne County, Michigan, United States

Detroit (/dɪˈtrɔɪt/ dih-TROYT, locally also /ˈdtrɔɪt/ DEE-troyt; French: Détroit, lit.'strait') is the most populous city in the state of Michigan in the United States. In 1950, Detroit was the fifth most populous city in the United States, with 1.8 million people. It was the 10th most populous city in the United States at the time of the 2000 census, with 950,000 people. By the 2020 census, Detroit fell to the 27th largest, because people moved away, and it had 640,000 people. Over four million people live in Detroit and its surrounding counties. The city borders Windsor, Ontario in Canada. The international border between Detroit and Windsor is one of the most crossed in the world.

Détroit (French)[1]
City of Detroit
Left to right from top: Skyline of Detroit, Book Tower, Renaissance Center, Fisher Building, Comerica Park and the Ambassador Bridge.
Flag of Detroit
Official seal of Detroit
Etymology: French: détroit (strait)
The Motor City, Motown, Renaissance City, City of the Straits, The D, D-Town, Hockeytown, The Automotive Capital of the World, Rock City, The 313, The Arsenal of Democracy, The Town That Put The World on Wheels, Tigertown, Détroit, Paris of the West
Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus
(Latin: We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes)
Interactive map of Detroit
Coordinates: 42°19′53″N 83°02′45″W / 42.33139°N 83.04583°W / 42.33139; -83.04583[2]
CountryUnited States
FoundedJuly 24, 1701; 322 years ago (1701-07-24)
IncorporatedSeptember 13, 1806; 217 years ago (1806-09-13)
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyDetroit City Council
 • MayorMike Duggan (D)
 • ClerkJanice Winfrey
 • City142.89 sq mi (370.08 km2)
 • Land138.72 sq mi (359.27 km2)
 • Water4.17 sq mi (10.81 km2)
 • Urban
1,295 sq mi (3,350 km2)
 • Metro
3,913 sq mi (10,130 km2)
Elevation656 ft (200 m)
 • City639,111
 • Rank27th in the United States
1st in Michigan
 • Density4,607.20/sq mi (1,778.92/km2)
 • Metro4,392,041 (14th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code(s)
48127, 48201, 48202, 48204–48206, 48208–48210, 48212–48217, 48219, 48221–48228, 48231–48236, 48238–48240, 48243, 48244, 48255, 48260, 48264, 48266–48269, 48272, 48275, 48277–48279, 48288
Area code313
FIPS code26-22000
GNIS feature ID1617959[2]
Major airportsDetroit Metropolitan Airport, Coleman A. Young International Airport
U.S. routes
State trunklines
Mass transit
WebsiteOfficial website
The Detroit skyline

The person who started the city was Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac. He was from France. Detroit was made a city in 1701. From 1805 to 1847, Detroit was the capital of Michigan.

Detroit ran out of money in March 2013. On July 18, 2013, Detroit filed for bankruptcy. This was the largest bankruptcy case of any city in U.S. history.[6][7]

Sports change

Detroit is a city where many automobiles are made and this is why it is sometimes called the "Motor City", or "Motown". Many people call it the car capital of the world. General Motors, Ford and Chrysler have their offices and many of their plants in and around Detroit.

Detroit is the home of many sport teams including the Detroit Lions (NFL), Detroit Red Wings (NHL), Detroit Tigers (MLB) and the Detroit City Soccer Club.

In 2006, the Super Bowl was played at Ford Field in Detroit.

Media change

WXYZ American Broadcasting Company

People change

Detroit is home to one of the largest black communities in the United States, with 77% being African-American. Detroit also has a large Arab population. Many Arabs live in metro Detroit. The Arab-American community in Detroit began with a small group of Syrian and Lebanese merchants who immigrated to Detroit in the late 1800s.[8] Mexicans have recently replaced the shrinking population.[9]

Violent crime rate is one of the highest in the USA.[10]

Climate change

Detroit has a humid continental climate (Dfa in the Köppen climate classification), and is influenced by the nearby Great Lakes. Detroit usually has around 38 days of snow every year.

References change

  1. "Detroit – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". April 25, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Detroit". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-07-27..
  3. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  4. "QuickFacts: Detroit city, Michigan". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  5. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  6. "Detroit: Bankruptcy or bust". The Economist. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  7. "Creditors to fight Detroit insolvency claim". The Detroit News. 2013-07-18. Archived from the original on 2013-08-10.
  8. CuriosiD: How Did Detroit Become a Center for Arabs in the United States?
  9. The Paradox of Mexicantown: Detroit's Uncomfortable Relationship With the Immigrants it Desperately Needs
  10. "Detroit crime rates and statistics". Neighborhood Scout. Retrieved July 1, 2010.

Other websites change

  Media related to Detroit at Wikimedia Commons