Michigan Territory was a territory of the United States in the early 19th century, between June 30, 1805 and January 26, 1837, when it became Michigan, the 26th state of the Union. Detroit was the territory's capital.
The Treaty of Detroit was signed on November 17, 1807 between William Hurt and American Indians from the Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Wyandot people. Those Indian tribes agreed to give the United States the area of Southeast Michigan and a part of Ohio near the Maumee River. The Indians were allowed to own small amounts of land in the area. This helped expand the territory.
These numbers do not count most Native Americans. In 1800, the whole of the Northwest Territory had 43,365 people living in it. Under the Northwest Ordinance, a territory could apply to become a state once it had 60,000 people living in it.
|William Hull||March 1, 1805 to October 29, 1813|
|Lewis Cass||October 29, 1813 to August 6, 1831|
|George Bryan Porter||August 6, 1831 to July 6, 1834||Died in office.|
|Stevens T. Mason||July 6, 1834 to September 15, 1835||ex officio, Acting Governor due to position as Secretary|
|John S. Horner||September 15, 1835 to July 3, 1836||ex officio, Acting Governor due to position as Secretary|
- "Treaty Between the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians". World Digital Library. 1807-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- An act to divide Indiana Territory Archived 2006-06-14 at the Wayback Machine (the law which created the Michigan Territory)