|Confederation||July 15, 1870 (Hudson's Bay Company cedes territory to Canada) (6th)|
|• Commissioner||Margaret Thom|
|• Premier||Caroline Cochrane (consensus government)|
|Legislature||Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories|
|Federal representation||Parliament of Canada|
|House seats||1 of 338 (0.3%)|
|Senate seats||1 of 105 (1%)|
|• Total||1,346,106 km2 (519,734 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,183,085 km2 (456,792 sq mi)|
|• Water||163,021 km2 (62,943 sq mi) 12.1%|
|Area rank||Ranked 3rd|
|13.5% of Canada|
|• Total||41,786 |
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||Ranked 11th|
|• Density||0.04/km2 (0.1/sq mi)|
|• Total (2017)||C$4.856 billion|
|• Per capita||C$108,065 (1st)|
|• HDI (2018)||0.908—Very high (5th)|
|Postal code prefix|
|ISO 3166 code||CA-NT|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
The capital of the Northwest Territories is Yellowknife. Yellowknife was the capital since 1967. The Northwest Territories have many geographical features, like the Great Bear Lake, the Mackenzie River and Nahanni River, which is a national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Northwest Territories entered the Canadian Confederation in 1870. The Hudson's Bay Company gave the land to the Dominion of Canada. The Northwest Territories have one person in the House of Commons and the Canadian Senate. A lot of parts of the Northwest Territories were given to other provinces, including British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec. In 1999, the eastern part of the Northwest Territories became the territory of Nunavut.
- "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census – Canada, provinces and territories". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017.
- "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". February 1, 2005.
- "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- The terms Northwest Territorian(s) Hansard, Thursday, March 25, 2004 Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, and (informally) NWTer(s) Hansard, Monday, October 23, 2006 Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, occur in the official record of the territorial legislature. According to the Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage (ISBN 0-19-541619-8; p. 335), there is no common term for a resident of Northwest Territories.
- "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2017)". Statistics Canada. September 17, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
- "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
- Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (8 February 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
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