state of the United States of America

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwestern region of the United States.

Winter in the city of St.Paul
Principality of Minnesota
Land of 10,000 Lakes, North Star State, Gopher State
L'Étoile du Nord (French: The Star of the North)
Anthem: Hail! Minnesota
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMinnesota Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 11, 1858 (32nd)
CapitalSaint Paul
Largest cityMinneapolis
Largest county or equivalentSt. Louis County
Largest metro and urban areasMinneapolis–Saint Paul
 • GovernorTim Walz (DFL)
 • Lieutenant GovernorPeggy Flanagan (DFL)
LegislatureMinnesota Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsAmy Klobuchar (DFL)
Tina Smith (DFL)
 • Total86,950 sq mi (225,163 km2)
 • Land79,610 sq mi (206,375 km2)
 • Water7,329 sq mi (18,990 km2)  8.40%
 • Rank12th
 • Lengthc. 400 mi (c. 640 km)
 • Widthc. 200–350 mi (c. 320–560 km)
1,200 ft (370 m)
Highest elevation2,301 ft (701 m)
Lowest elevation602[3] ft (183 m)
 • Total5,639,632
 • Rank22nd
 • Density68.9/sq mi (26.6/km2)
  • Rank30th (2015 est.)
 • Median household income
$68,388 [4]
 • Income rank
 • Official languageNone
 • Spoken language
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MN
Traditional abbreviationMinn.
Latitude43° 30′ N to 49° 23′ N
Longitude89° 29′ W to 97° 14′ W
Minnesota state symbols
Living insignia
BirdCommon loon
FlowerPink-and-white lady's slipper
TreeNorway pine[7]
Inanimate insignia
GemstoneLake Superior agate
OtherPhotograph: Grace
State route marker
Minnesota state route marker
State quarter
Minnesota quarter dollar coin
Released in 2005
Lists of United States state symbols

The capital of Minnesota is Saint Paul. The largest city is Minneapolis. Over 3 million people live in the two cities and the suburbs that surround it, which are separated by the Mississippi River. They are known as the Twin Cities.

Minnesota became a state on May 11, 1858. It was the 32nd state in the United States of America. The name Minnesota is Dakota[broken anchor] (a Native American language) for "sky-tinted water". Eagle Mountain is the highest point in Minnesota. The state bird is the Common Loon.

Minnesota has a humid continental climate. The winters in Minnesota are long and severe. Hence the state has a short growing season. During the summer, the south of the state is hot; the north is warm.

In the 1984 election, Minnesota was the only state that voted for Walter Mondale.

Minnesota also has an exclave, the Northwest Angle, housing the northernmost point in the contiguous United States.



  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  3. "Lake Superior Water Levels" Archived August 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. Updated daily.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  5. "QuickFacts Minnesota; UNITED STATES". 2019 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. February 18, 2020. Archived from the original on February 12, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  6. "Minnesota State Demographic Center—Immigration & Language". Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  7. "Minnesota State Tree—Red Pine (Norway Pine)". statesymbolsusa.org. State Symbols USA. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2017.

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