Detroit is the largest city in the state of Michigan in the United States. In 1950, Detroit was the fifth largest city in the United States, with 1.8 million people. It was the 10th largest city in the United States at the time of the 2000 census, with 950,000 people. By the 2020 census, Detroit fell to the 27th largest, because people moved away, and it had 640,000 people. Over four million people live in Detroit and the surrounding counties that encompass Metro Detroit. The city borders Windsor, Ontario in Canada. The international border between Detroit and Windsor is one of the most crossed in the world.
|City of Detroit|
|Etymology: French: détroit (strait)|
The Motor City, Motown, Renaissance City, City of the Straits, The D, D-Town, Hockeytown, The Automotive Capital of the World, Rock City, The 313, The Arsenal of Democracy, The Town That Put The World on Wheels, Tigertown, Détroit, Paris of the West
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Founded||July 24, 1701|
|Incorporated||September 13, 1806|
|• Body||Detroit City Council|
|• Mayor||Mike Duggan (D)|
|• Clerk||Janice Winfrey|
|• City||142.89 sq mi (370.08 km2)|
|• Land||138.72 sq mi (359.27 km2)|
|• Water||4.17 sq mi (10.81 km2)|
|• Urban||1,295 sq mi (3,350 km2)|
|• Metro||3,913 sq mi (10,130 km2)|
|Elevation||656 ft (200 m)|
|• Rank||27th in the United States|
1st in Michigan
|• Density||4,607.20/sq mi (1,778.92/km2)|
|• Metro||4,392,041 (14th)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
48127, 48201, 48202, 48204–48206, 48208–48210, 48212–48217, 48219, 48221–48228, 48231–48236, 48238–48240, 48243, 48244, 48255, 48260, 48264, 48266–48269, 48272, 48275, 48277–48279, 48288
|GNIS feature ID||1617959|
|Major airports||Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Coleman A. Young International Airport|
The state governor declared a financial emergency in March 2013, appointing an emergency manager. On July 18, 2013, Detroit filed for bankruptcy. This was the largest bankruptcy case of any city in U.S. history.
Detroit is a city where many automobiles are made and this is why it is sometimes called the "Motor City", or "Motown". Many people call it the car capital of the world. General Motors, Ford and Chrysler have their offices and many of their plants in and around Detroit.
Detroit is home to one of the largest black communities in the United States, with 77% being African-American. Detroit also has a large Arab population. Many Arabs live in metro Detroit. The Arab-American community in Detroit began with a small group of Syrian and Lebanese merchants who immigrated to Detroit in the late 1800s. Mexicans have recently replaced the shrinking population.
Violent crime rate is one of the highest in the USA.
- "Detroit – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. April 25, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Detroit". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-07-27..
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "QuickFacts: Detroit city, Michigan". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- "Detroit: Bankruptcy or bust". The Economist. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Creditors to fight Detroit insolvency claim". The Detroit News. 2013-07-18. Archived from the original on 2013-08-10.
- CuriosiD: How Did Detroit Become a Center for Arabs in the United States?
- The Paradox of Mexicantown: Detroit's Uncomfortable Relationship With the Immigrants it Desperately Needs
Media related to Detroit at Wikimedia Commons