University of Michigan

public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UMich, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, or simply Michigan) is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Started in 1817, about 20 years before Michigan became a state, the university is the state's oldest university. The university is called one of the first eight Public Ivys.[9]

University of Michigan
Law Quadrangle, University of Michigan
Latin: Universitas Michigania
MottoArtes, Scientia, Veritas
Motto in English
Arts, Knowledge, Truth (Latin)
Sea grant
Space grant
EstablishedAugust 26, 1817[1]
Academic affiliations
EndowmentIncrease$11.9 billion (2018)[2]
Budget$8.99 billion (2018)[3]
PresidentMark Schlissel
ProvostMartin Philbert
Academic staff
Location, ,
United States

42°16′37″N 83°44′17″W / 42.27694°N 83.73806°W / 42.27694; -83.73806
Campus3,177 acres (12.86 km2)
Total: 20,965 acres (84.84 km2), including arboretum[6]
ColorsMaize and Blue[7]
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IBig Ten

The university also has one of the largest research budgets or spending money of any American university.[10] It ranked 18th in the world in 2008 by "The Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings," and 21st by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Institute for Higher Education rankings.[11] In its last survey in 1995, the National Research Council ranked Michigan 3rd in the United States[12]

The university is known around the world, its students being famous people such as U.S. President Gerald Ford, Supreme Court Justices, as well as many heads of states around the world.

Michigan's athletic teams are known as very good, especially in football, men's basketball, and ice hockey.

History change

The University of Michigan was started in Detroit in 1817 as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, by the governor and judges of Michigan Territory. Ann Arbor had set aside 40 acres (16 ha) that it hoped would become the site for a new state capitol, but it gave this land to the university when Lansing was chosen as the state capital. The university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. The original 40 acres became part of today's Central Campus. The first classes in Ann Arbor were held in 1841, with six freshmen and a sophomore, taught by two professors or teachers. Eleven students graduated in the first class in 1845. By 1866, 1,205 students went to UM. Women were first allowed in 1870, making UM the first major university to allow women to go to school. James B. Angell, was the university's president from 1871 to 1909, made UM's teachings include subjects such as dentistry, architecture, engineering, government, and medicine. UM also became the first American university to teach in the seminar style.[13]

From 1900 to 1920 many new buildings were built on campus, including buildings for the dental and pharmacy programs, a chemistry building, a building for the natural sciences, Hill Auditorium, large hospital and library buildings, and two residence halls. The university built up its reputation for research in 1920 by rebuilding the College of Engineering and making a group of 100 industrialists, or businessmen, to help guide research. UM's reputation as a very good national university also began to grow at this time. The university became a favorite other choice for Jewish students from New York in the 1920s and 1930s when the Ivy League schools made a limit to the number of Jews to be admitted.[14] Because of this, UM gained the nickname "Harvard of the West," which became commonly joked about in reverse after John F. Kennedy called himself "a graduate of the Michigan of the East, Harvard University" in a speech.[15]

In World War II, UM's research grew to include U.S. Navy projects like researching proximity fuzes, PT boats, and radar jamming. By 1950, 21,000 students were at UM. As the Cold War and the Space Race started, UM got many government grants for research and helped to create peacetime uses for nuclear energy. Now, much of that work, as well as research into other energy types, is done by the Memorial Phoenix Project.[16]

On October 14, 1960, Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy put out the idea of what became the Peace Corps on the steps of Michigan Union.[17] Lyndon B. Johnson's speech about his Great Society program also occurred at UM.[17] Also during the 1960s, UM saw many protests by student groups. On March 24, 1965, a group of UM faculty members and 3,000 students held the nation's first ever faculty-led "teach-in" to protest against American policy in Southeast Asia.[18][19] Because of a series of sit-ins in 1966 by Voice–the campus political party of Students for a Democratic Society–UM's administration banned sit-ins. This led 1,500 students to have another one-hour sit-in the LSA Building, which then housed the administrative offices. Former UM student and important architect Alden B. Dow designed the current Fleming Administration Building, which was completed in 1968. The building's plans were drawn in the early 1960s, before student activism created a concern for safety. Nevertheless, the Fleming Building's narrow windows, all located above the first floor, and castle-like outside led to a campus rumor that it was made to be riot-proof. Dow denied the rumors, saying the small windows were made to be use less energy.[20]

During the 1970s, large budget limits made it hard on the university's physical development; however, the 1980s saw a surge in money given to research in the social and physical sciences. At that time, the university's work in the anti-missile Strategic Defense Initiative and investments in South Africa caused anger on campus. During the 1980s and 1990s, the university used many resources to help rebuild its large hospital area and improve the academic buildings on the North Campus. The university also made computer and information technology on the campus important.

Academics change

Central Campus: Angell Hall, one of the major buildings of the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts

The university has 26,083 undergraduate and 14,959 graduate students[21] in 600 academic programs, and each year about 5,400 new students go to UM. Students come from all 50 U.S. states and more than 100 countries.[22] 98% of the university's class of 2006 had a high school GPA of 3.0 and higher, while the middle 50% of the class had a high school GPA of 3.60 to 3.90.[23][24] The middle 50% of people applying had an SAT score of about 1920–2180 and an ACT score of 27–31, with AP credit given to over 3000 freshmen students.[25] About 22% of newly undergraduates and 25% of all undergraduates are members of ethnic minority groups.[24]

About 65% of undergraduate students go to the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LS&A), while the College of Engineering has about 20%. Less than 3% of undergraduate students go to the Ross School of Business. The rest of the undergraduate students go to the smaller schools, including the School of Kinesiology, School of Nursing, the School of Natural Resources and Environment, and the School of Art and Design.[26] Most graduate students go to the Rackham Graduate School, the College of Engineering, the Law School, the Ross School of Business, and the Medical School. The Medical School works with the University of Michigan Health System, which makes up the University's three hospitals, a lot of the outpatient clinics, and many places for medical care, research, and education. Other academic units are the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning and the Schools of Dentistry, Education, Information, Music, Theatre & Dance, Natural Resources and Environment, Public Health, and Social Work, of which Social Work has been ranked first by the U.S. News and World Report every year since 1994.[27]

Campus change

The Ann Arbor campus is separated into four main areas: the North, Central, Medical, and South Campuses. There are more than 500 large buildings, with a more than 29 million square feet (664 acres or 2.69 km²).[28] The Central and South Campuses are next to each other, while the North Campus area is separated from them by the Huron River. An East Medical Campus has been built on Plymouth Road, with some university-owned buildings.[29]

Academics change

Academic rankings
ARWU[30] 20
Forbes[31] 22
Times/WSJ[32] 28
U.S. News & World Report[33] 27
Washington Monthly[34] 21
ARWU[35] 27
QS[36] 20
Times[37] 20
U.S. News & World Report[38] 17

Because more than 70% of UM's 200 program's and schools were listed as some of the best in their areas,[39] the school was made one of Richard Moll's Public Ivies.[40] UM has had 26 Rhodes Scholars go to the school.[41]

People who worked at the University of Michigan change

Notes change

  1. "U-M's Foundings in Detroit and Ann Arbor: Key Dates". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  2. As of Oct 18, 2018."U-M endowment up $1B over last year with strong rate of return". The University Record. University of Michigan. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  3. "FY 2018-2019 U-M Budget" (PDF). Office of Budget and Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  4. "University of Michigan – Ann Arbor: Faculty Headcount by Rank, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity" (PDF). University of Michigan. November 11, 2014. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "The Michigan Almanac" (PDF). U-M Office of Budget and Planning. U-M Office of Budget and Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  6. "Environmental Stewardship at the University of Michigan" (PDF). University of Michigan Occupational Safety and Environmental Health. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 15, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2007.
  7. "Style Guide: Colors". Office of Global Communications, University of Michigan. July 7, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  8. "University of Michigan – Ann Arbor: Staff Headcounts by Gender, Race/Ethnicity & Job Family" (PDF). University of Michigan. November 13, 2014. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  9. "Comparing Black Enrollments at the Public Ivies". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. 2005. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
  10. "About the Association". University of Michigan Alumni Association. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
  11. "THE-QS World University Rankings 2008". The TIME UK. October 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  12. "A Brief Summary of the NRC Rankings". Texas A&M University. 1997. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
  13. Brubacher, John Seiler (July 1, 1997). Higher Education in Transition. Transaction Publishers. pp. 187. ISBN 1-56000-917-9.
  14. "Getting In". The New Yorker. October 10, 2005. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
  15. "Remarks of Senator John F. Kennedy". Peace Corps. October 14, 1960. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
  16. "MMPEI". Michigan Memorial Phoenix Energy Institute. 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "University of Michigan Timelines—General University Timeline". Bentley Historical Library. April 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  18. Newman, Matthew (October 1995). "Vietnam teach-in 30 years ago". Michigan Today. Archived from the original on 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  19. "A Decade of Dissent:Teach-Ins". Bentley Historical Library. September 29, 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  20. Holmes, Jake (April 6, 2007). "Explained: Coleman's castle". The Michigan Daily. Archived from the original on 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
  21. "University of Michigan-Enrollment by School and College, Gender, and Class Level For Term 1660 (Fall 2007)" (PDF). September 24, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  22. "Undergraduate Admissions - Prospective Students". University of Michigan Office of Admissions. 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  23. "University of MichiganAnn Arbor: Freshman Class Profile" (PDF). University of Michigan Office of Budget & Planning. January 17, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "University of Michigan Common Data Set 2004–2005 (Page 11)" (PDF). University of Michigan Office of Budget & Planning. August 16, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  25. "Undergraduate Admissions - Fast Facts". University of Michigan Office of Admissions. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-03-20. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  26. "Enrollment by Degree Type and School/College" (PDF). UM News Service. 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  27. "America's Best Graduate Schools 2007 - Health: Social Work (Master's)". US News and World Report. 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
  28. "Environmental Stewardship at the University of Michigan" (PDF). University of Michigan Occupational Safety and Environmental Health. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  29. "Street Map to Rachel Upjohn Building". University of Michigan Health System. 2008. Archived from the original on 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2008-10-25.—The linked map shows the entire East Medical Campus.
  30. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  31. "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 5, 2016.
  32. "U.S. College Rankings 2018". Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  33. "Best Colleges 2017: National Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. September 12, 2016.
  34. "2016 Rankings - National Universities". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  35. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2017. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  36. "QS World University Rankings® 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  37. "World University Rankings 2016-17". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
  38. "Best Global Universities Rankings: 2017". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  39. "University of Michigan - Ann Arbor: Recent Rankings for Graduate & Professional Academic" (PDF). University of Michigan. July 13, 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-14.—a collection of rankings from sources such as U.S. News & World Reports and the National Research Council
  40. Moll, Richard. (1985). The Public Ivys: America's Flagship Undergraduate Colleges. New York: Viking Adult. ISBN 0-670-58205-0.
  41. Paddock, Travis (December 17, 1997). "Fiona Rose is U's 24th Rhodes Scholar". University Record. Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2007-10-13.Bates, Karl Leif (December 6, 2004). "Engineering student wins prestigious Rhodes Scholarship". The University Record Online. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-11-03.Serwach, Joe (November 24, 2008). "UM dual MD/PhD student named Rhodes Scholar". University of Michigan News Service. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  42. "Mary Sheldon Barnes Papers". Sophia Smith Collection. Smith College. 2001. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 13 Aug 2011.

Other websites change