Illinois is a state in the United States. Its capital is Springfield and its largest city is Chicago. It is bordered to the north by Wisconsin, to the west by Iowa and below that, by Missouri (both borders are along the Mississippi River). To the south-east, Illinois is bordered along the Ohio River by Kentucky and to the east by Indiana. Illinois' northeasternmost boundary is to Lake Michigan.
|State of Illinois|
Land of Lincoln, Prairie State
|Motto(s): State Sovereignty, National Union|
|State song(s): "Illinois"|
|Spoken languages||English (80.8%) |
|Largest metro||Greater Chicago|
|• Total||57,914 sq mi |
|• Width||210 miles (338 km)|
|• Length||390 miles (628 km)|
|• % water||3.99|
|• Latitude||36° 58′ N to 42° 30′ N|
|• Longitude||87° 30′ W to 91° 31′ W|
|• Total||12,741,080 (2018)|
|• Density||232/sq mi (89.4/km2)|
|• Median household income||$58,321 (2018)  (20th)|
|• Highest point||Charles Mound|
1,235 ft (376.4 m)
|• Mean||600 ft (180 m)|
|• Lowest point||Confluence of Mississippi River and Ohio River|
280 ft (85 m)
|Before statehood||Illinois Territory|
|Admission to Union||December 3, 1818 (21st)|
|Governor||J. B. Pritzker (D)|
|Lieutenant Governor||Juliana Stratton (D)|
|Legislature||Illinois General Assembly|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. Senators||Dick Durbin (D)|
Tammy Duckworth (D)
|U.S. House delegation||13 Democrats |
5 Republicans (list)
|Time zone||Central: UTC -6/-5|
|Illinois state symbols|
The Flag of Illinois
The Seal of Illinois
|Amphibian||Eastern tiger salamander|
|Food||Gold Rush Apple, popcorn|
|Slogan||"Land of Lincoln"|
|Soil||Drummer silty clay loam|
|State route marker|
Released in 2003
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President born and raised in Illinois.
Illinois has a diverse economy. Chicago is a major center for transportation and business. Central and northern Illinois is mostly used for agriculture. The south produces many natural resources such as coal, timber and petroleum.
Illinois was once known to be a swing state (voted for either Democratic Party or the Republican Party). Today, Illinois is known to be a blue state in which it votes for the Democratic Party. The last time Illinois voted for a Republican president was in 1988 for George H.W. Bush.
Illinois has the average population of 12,419,293 people since 2010. Most of the people living in Illinois live near the city of Chicago.
People from IllinoisEdit
Famous Illinoisans include:
- 16th President Abraham Lincoln
- 40th President Ronald Reagan
- 44th President Barack Obama
- Former First Lady Michelle Obama
- Former First Lady, Senator of New York, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
- Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
- Mayor of Chicago Richard M. Daley
- Former First Lady Betty Ford
- Actor Harrison Ford
- Movie critic Roger Ebert
- Animator Walt Disney
- Actress Betty White
- Social Worker Jane Addams
- Scout Wild Bill Hickok
- Comedian Jack Benny
- NBA player Dwyane Wade
Illinois's seal has an eagle in a prairie. Across a river, behind the eagle is a rising sun. The eagle stands for the United States. The prairie reminds Illinoisans of their land. The two dates on the seal, 1818 and 1868, are the year that Illinois became a state and the year that the state seal was designed. The state flag includes the state seal.
- "(5 ILCS 460/20) (from Ch. 1, par. 2901‑20) State Designations Act". Illinois Compiled Statutes. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois General Assembly. September 4, 1991. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
Sec. 20. Official language. The official language of the State of Illinois is English.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Charles". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=NJ0855. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "Interesting Facts About Illinois". Interesting State Facts.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Illinois – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". Eia.gov. April 19, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
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