Iowa (/ˈaɪəwə/ (help·info)) is a state in the Midwestern United States. Its name comes from the Iowa River, which was named after the Ioway people, one of the Native American tribes that lived in Iowa. Iowa was a part of New France, but was sold to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Its settlers were mostly farmers: Iowa is part of the Corn Belt and is often known as the "Food Capital of the World." However, Iowa's landscape, culture, and economy are diverse, with the economy changing in the second half of the 20th Century to include many kinds of business.
|State of Iowa|
Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain.
|Anthem: "The Song of Iowa"|
|Before statehood||Iowa Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||December 27, 1846 (29th)|
(and largest city)
|Largest metro and urban areas||Des Moines metropolitan area[a]|
|• Governor||Kim Reynolds (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Adam Gregg (R)|
|Legislature||Iowa General Assembly|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Chuck Grassley (R)|
Joni Ernst (R)
|U.S. House delegation||1: Ashley Hinson (R)|
2: Dave Loebsack (D)
3: Cindy Axne (D)
4: Randy Feenstra (R) (list)
|• Total||58,295.81 sq mi (145,750 km2)|
|• Length||310 mi (499 km)|
|• Width||240 mi (322 km)|
|Elevation||1,100 ft (340 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,671 ft (509 m)|
|Lowest elevation||480 ft (146 m)|
|• Density||56.1/sq mi (21.69/km2)|
|• Density rank||36th|
|• Median household income||$59,955|
|• Income rank||26th|
|• Official language||English|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-IA|
|Latitude||40° 23′ N to 43° 30′ N|
|Longitude||90° 8′ W to 96° 38′ W|
|Iowa state symbols|
|State route marker|
Released in 2004
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Iowa has more than 3 million people as of the 2010 census[update]. Its capital and largest city is Des Moines. Iowa became a state on December 28, 1846. It was the 29th state to join the United States.
The eastern border of the state is marked by the Mississippi River which runs between Iowa and Illinois. The western border is marked by the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers. The northern border is a line 43 degrees, 30 minutes north latitude. The southern border follows the northern border of Missouri.[note 1] Iowa and Missouri disagreed about the location of the Iowa-Missouri border. This argument was ended by the Supreme Court of the United States in the 1896 case, State of Missouri v. State of Iowa, after a standoff called the Honey War. The border follows the Des Moines River for the far eastern part of the state and is at close to 40 degrees, 35 minutes north for the rest of the state.
Most of Iowa is considered to be a plain.
Law and GovernmentEdit
The government of Iowa has three branches, similar to the federal government of the United States. The executive branch is headed by the governor, currently Kim Reynolds (R) since May 24, 2017. The legislative branch is the Iowa General Assembly, composed of two houses - the Iowa Senate and the Iowa House of Representatives. The judicial branch is headed by the Iowa Supreme Court under the chief justice, currently Marsha Ternus.
There are two major political parties in Iowa, the Iowa Democratic Party and the Republican Party of Iowa, as well as several unofficial third parties. No one party is in charge of the government as of 2013[update]; the governor is a Republican and the House has a Republican majority under Kraig Paulsen, but the Senate has a Democratic majority under Mike Gronstal.
There are many farms in Iowa. Iowa is well known for its agriculture. Its main agricultural outputs are hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, and dairy products. Its industrial outputs include food processing and machinery. Iowa also produces more ethanol fuel than any other U.S. state.
There are diesel pumps in Iowa.
- However a portion of the larger Omaha–Council Bluffs metropolitan area does extend into the state
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iowa.|
- "State Symbols". Iowa Department of Economic Development. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "S1901: INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2018 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". data.census.gov. December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
- Alex, Lynn M. (2000). Iowa's Archaeological Past. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Merry, Carl A. (1996). "The Historic Period". Office of the State Archaeologist at the University of Iowa. Archived from the original on June 4, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Major Industries in Iowa" (PDF). Iowa Department of Economic Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Wind Energy in Iowa". Iowa Energy Center. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- State of Missouri v. State of Iowa, 48 U.S. (7 How.) 688 (1896).
- Morrison, Jeff (January 13, 2005). "Forty-Thirty-five or fight? Sullivan's Line, the Honey War, and latitudinal estimations". Archived from the original on January 1, 2007. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "County Seats". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.