United States House of Representatives

lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is a part of the United States (U.S.) Congress. Congress is the legislature of the U. S. government and makes federal laws. The other part of Congress is the U. S. Senate. There are maximum 435 members in the United States House of Representatives. These members are called U. S. Representatives or just representatives. All representatives are elected every two years.

United States House of Representatives
118th United States Congress
Seal of the United States House of Representatives
Seal of the House
Flag of the United States House of Representatives
Flag of the United States House of Representatives
Term limits
New session started
January 3, 2023 (2023-01-03)
Steve Scalise (R)
since January 3, 2023
Hakeem Jeffries (D)
since January 3, 2023
Tom Emmer (R)
since January 3, 2023
Katherine Clark (D)
since January 3, 2022
Seats435 voting members
5 non-voting members
217 for a majority
Political groups
Majority (217)
  •   Republican (217)

Minority (213)

Length of term
2 years
Plurality voting in 46 states[a]
Last election
November 8, 2022
Next election
November 5, 2024
RedistrictingState legislatures or redistricting commissions, varies by state
Meeting place
House of Representatives Chamber
United States Capitol
Washington, D.C.
United States of America
Rules of the House of Representatives

The number of representatives from each state depends on the number of people in that state, the population, but there is at least one U. S. representative from each of the 50 states. Every 10 years, the United States Census Bureau counts the population of the United States. States gain or lose Representatives based on the count. The House of Representatives is in one of the two wings in the U.S. Capitol building. The other wing is for the Senate. Sometimes the House of Representatives is informally called the House. The chairman/chairperson in the U.S. House of Representatives is called the Speaker of the House.

According to the U.S. Constitution, all bills about raising revenue, which includes taxes, must start in the House of Representatives. Also, only the House of Representatives has the power to impeach certain officials, such as the president or federal judges. According to the U.S. Constitution, the House of Representatives can expel, or impeach, one of its representatives by a vote of at least two-thirds of its members.

  1. Alaska (for its primary elections only), California, and Washington additionally utilize a nonpartisan blanket primary, and Mississippi uses the two-round system, for their respective primary elections.
  2. Louisiana uses a Louisiana primary.

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