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Washington (state)

state of the United States of America

Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is north of Oregon, west of Idaho, east of the Pacific Ocean, and south of British Columbia. (British Columbia is part of Canada.) There are more than 6,000,000 people in Washington. Most live in the western part of Washington, which gets more rain. About a quarter of the people live in the east part, where it gets less rain, and some parts have a desert climate. The largest city on the east part is Spokane, and it is also the second biggest city in the state. The Cascade Mountains go down the middle of the state and break it into two sides. The state's nickname is the "Evergreen State" because it has a lot of pine trees. Washington was the 42nd state to join the United States, on November 11, 1889. It is often called "Washington State" so that it does not get confused with the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. The name "Washington" comes from President George Washington.

State of Washington
Flag of Washington State seal of Washington
Flag of Washington Seal
Nickname(s): The Evergreen State
Motto(s): Alki (Chinook Wawa: "Eventually")
Map of the United States with Washington highlighted
Official languageNone
Largest citySeattle
AreaRanked 18
 • Total71,342 sq mi
(184,824 km2)
 • Width240 miles (385 km)
 • Length360 miles (580 km)
 • % water6.6
 • Latitude45°32' N to 49°00' N
 • Longitude116°57' W to 124°48' W
PopulationRanked 13th
 • Total6,724,540[1]
 • Density101.2/sq mi  (36.40/km2)
Ranked 27th
 • Median household income$48,688 (14th)
 • Highest pointMount Rainier[2]
14,410 ft (4,395 m)
 • Mean1,700 ft  (520 m)
 • Lowest pointPacific Ocean[2]
Sea level
Admission to UnionNovember 11, 1889 (42nd)
GovernorJay Inslee (D)
Lieutenant Governor{{{Lieutenant Governor}}}
 • Upper house{{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house{{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. SenatorsPatty Murray (D)
Maria Cantwell (D)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zonePacific: UTC-8/-7

The capital of Washington is Olympia. Olympia is a small city on the west side of Washington, at the south end of Puget Sound. Washington's biggest city is Seattle, Seattle is also on Puget Sound.

Washington has many beautiful forests, rivers, gorges (gorges are small canyons), and mountains. Because it's next to the ocean, it has a long beach. However, because Washington is north of Oregon and California (the other two states on the West Coast of the United States), the ocean is cold, and usually not good to swim in.

The biggest universities in Washington are the University of Washington and Washington State University. The University of Washington is in Seattle.[3] Washington State University is in a small town called Pullman. Pullman is on the east side of the state.


Geography and climateEdit

The state of Washington has an extremely varied geography, and therefore an extremely varied climate. The map shows western cities have shipping access. These are the low-lying parts on the next to the Pacific Ocean. The western side of the mountains is wet and forested with conifers. Some areas are temperate rain forests (in the Olympic Mountains).

The central area is mountainous, including five volcanos: Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. To the east of the mountains the land is dry and mostly dry grassland (high plains). Only one feature links the west to the east: the important Snake River, a tributary of the even larger Columbia River.

Köppen climate types of Washington state
Major cities in Washington

Lists of Federal land and reservationsEdit

National parks and monuments

There are three National Parks and two National Monuments in Washington:

National forests

Nine national forests are located (at least partly) in Washington:

Federally protected wildernesses 31 wildernesses are located (at least partly) in Washington, like:

National wildlife refuges 23 National Wildlife Refuges are located (at least partly) in Washington like:

Other federally protected lands

Other protected lands of note like:

Military and related reservations

There are many large military-related reservations, like:

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 19, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-9. Check date values in: |accessdate=, |year= (help)
  3. "About the University". University of Washington. 2008. Retrieved 2009-9-28. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)