Louisiana (pronounced /lōō-ē'zē-ăn'ə/) is a state in the Southern United States of America. It had a population of about 4,533,372 people in 2010. The state has a total area of about 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km2). Louisiana is the 25th largest state by population and the 31th largest state by area. Louisiana is also known by its nickname, The Pelican State. The land that would become Louisiana was bought in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812. It was the 18th state to become part of the United States. The people who live in the state are known as Louisianans. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.
|State of Louisiana |
État de Louisiane (French)
|Nickname(s): Bayou State • Creole State • Pelican State (official)|
Sportsman's Paradise • The Boot
|Motto(s): Union, Justice, Confidence|
|State song(s): ""Give Me Louisiana"|
"You Are My Sunshine"
"State March Song"
"Gifts of the Earth""
|Official language||No official language|
|Spoken languages||As of 2010|
|Demonym||Louisianian (French: Louisianais)|
|Largest city||New Orleans|
|Largest metro||Greater New Orleans|
|• Total||52,378.13 sq mi |
|• Width||130 miles (210 km)|
|• Length||379 miles (610 km)|
|• % water||15|
|• Latitude||28° 56′ N to 33° 01′ N|
|• Longitude||88° 49′ W to 94° 03′ W|
|• Total||4,684,333 (2017 est.)|
|• Density||93.6/sq mi (34.6/km2)|
|• Median household income||$45,992 (45th)|
|• Highest point||Driskill Mountain|
535 ft (163 m)
|• Mean||100 ft (30 m)|
|• Lowest point||New Orleans|
−8 ft (−2.5 m)
|Before statehood||Territory of Orleans|
|Admission to Union||April 30, 1812 (18th)|
|Governor||John Bel Edwards (D)|
|Lieutenant Governor||Billy Nungesser (R)|
|• Upper house||State Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. Senators||Bill Cassidy (R)|
John Kennedy (R)
|U.S. House delegation||5 Republicans|
1 Democrat (list)
|Time zone||Central: UTC −6/−5|
|Louisiana state symbols|
|Dog breed||Catahoula Leopard Dog|
|State route marker|
Released in 2002
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Louisiana has coastal plains, marshs, and low ridges. All of the state is in the Sun Belt. Louisiana is in a sub tropical region, and has a diverse ecosystem. The climate of Louisiana Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). It has long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters.
Louisiana was settled by France and the influence of French culture is still a big part of Louisiana today. The French Quarter in New Orleans is one of the best known attractions in the state. It is known today for its special culture, unique food, as well as the holiday Mardi Gras which is most famous in New Orleans.
Louisiana was very badly damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Much of the New Orleans area lies below sea level making flooding a serious problem.
|2||Baton Rouge||East Baton Rouge||227,715|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louisiana.|
- "United States". Modern Language Association. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- "New Orleans a 'ghost town' after thousands flee Gustav: mayor", AFP, August 31, 2008, archived from the original on May 16, 2013
- "Expert: N.O. population at 273,000". WWL-TV. August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2007.
- "Relocation". Baton rouge. Connecting U.S. Cities. May 3, 2007. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014.
- "Louisiana: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- The Tormont Webster's Illustrated Encyclopedic Dictionary. United States of America: Tormont Publications Inc. 1990. p. 998. ISBN 2921171325. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- "WordNet Search - 3.0". wordnetweb.princeton.edu. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 26, 2011. Check date values in:
- "Obesity and Overweight for Professionals: Data and Statistics: U.S. Obesity Trends | DNPAO | CDC". cdc.gov. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 27, 2011. Check date values in: