Southern United States

cultural region in the southeastern and south-central United States

The Southern United States (also known as The Southern States or "The South" among Americans) is a term for the Southeastern part of the United States. All Confederate States were in the South, but not all Southern States joined the Confederacy. The States farthest to the south are called the "Deep South". Even though Arizona, New Mexico and southern California are geographically southern parts of United States, they are usually classified as the Southwestern United States and not the South (the climate, culture and ethnic makeup of the Southwest are also different from the South).

States in the Southern United States are in maroon or red. States that are sometimes thought of as Southern are striped red and white

Most of the South is a land of long, hot summers. Winters are mostly short and cool. There is much rainfall. This combination gives the South a long growing season. Important crops include cotton, tobacco, peanuts, and peaches.

The States that make up "The South" are usually considered to be:

  1. Virginia
  2. Tennessee
  3. Arkansas
  4. Louisiana
  5. North Carolina
  6. South Carolina
  7. Mississippi
  8. Alabama
  9. Georgia
  10. Florida
  11. Texas
  12. Washington, D.C. (although not a state, it is part of the south)

Border States are also sometimes called Southern:

  1. Oklahoma
  2. West Virginia
  3. Kentucky
  4. Maryland
  5. Delaware
  6. Missouri

The cuisine of the Southern United States is distinct from other regions.


Except for Florida and Texas, most of the South did not have as many immigrants arriving from other countries as the rest of the United States did, in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Most of the people in the South are of English, Scottish, or Irish ancestry, or the descendants of African-American slaves. Some Southerners identify themselves as being of "American" ancestry.