Open main menu

New Mexico

state of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the American Southwest and is bordered by Texas to the east, Oklahoma to the northeast, Colorado to the north, and Arizona to the west. The northwest corner of the state also touches Utah. This area is known as the Four Corners because four states meet there. The state is called Land of Enchantment / Tierra del Encanto

State of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico State seal of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico Seal
Nickname(s): Land of Enchantment / Tierra del Encanto
Motto(s): Crescit undo / Grows as it goes
Map of the United States with New Mexico highlighted
CapitalSanta Fe
Largest cityAlbuquerque
AreaRanked 5th
 • Total121,665 sq mi
(315,194 km2)
 • Width342 miles (550 km)
 • Length370 miles (595 km)
 • % water0.2
 • Latitude31°20'N to 37°North
 • Longitude103°W to 109°W
PopulationRanked 36th
 • Total1,928,384
 • Density14.98/sq mi  (5.79/km2)
Ranked 45th
 • Highest pointWheeler Peak[1]
13,161 ft (4,014 m)
 • Mean5,692 ft  (1,735 m)
 • Lowest pointRed Bluff Reservoir[1]
2,842 ft (866 m)
Admission to UnionJanuary 6, 1912 (47th)
GovernorMichelle Lujan Grisham (D)
Lieutenant GovernorHowie Morales (D)
 • Upper house{{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house{{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. SenatorsMartin Heinrich (D)
Tom Udall (D)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6

New Mexico became a state on January 6, 1912 and became the 47th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Santa Fe. New Mexico's population is 2,085,109 and most of the people live in the biggest city, Albuquerque. New Mexico is home to one of the longest trams in the world, the Sandia Peak Tramway, in Albuquerque and one of worlds longest zip lines, the Apache Eagle ZipRider, in Ruidoso.



The climate for most of the state is generally semi-arid. In the summer it can be very hot in southern New Mexico. The temperature is sometimes over 100°F (37.8°C) with lows over 70°F (21.1°C). In northern New Mexico, summer temperatures are usually in the upper 70's to low 90's at daytime. They are mid 40's to upper 50's at night. It occasionally snows in the northern part of the state in the winter. It is drier in the southern portion of the state, and it rarely snows. New Mexico is usually affected by the North American monsoon from mid June to late September.


New Mexico is the long-time home of the Pueblo people, a group of Native Americans. It was taken over by Spain, which founded Santa Fe in 1608. In the late 1600s, the Pueblo people revolted against the Spanish. The Spanish returned twelve years later. When Mexico became independent, New Mexico was part of it. Like most of what was then Northern Mexico, the area did not have a large amount of people living in it.

In 1846, the United States and Mexico went to war over a border dispute in Texas (a former state of Mexico that, after being its own country for a time joined the US), and the United States won the war. The peace treaty the two countries signed gave what is now the American Southwest to the United States. The Mexican citizens living there were allowed to stay if they agreed to become US Citizens; over 90% did.

After some time as a territory, the area became a state in 1912.

Related pagesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-6. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Other websitesEdit