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Arizona

state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the Southwestern United States and is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada to the northwest, California to the west, its northeast corner touches part of Colorado, this area is known as the Four Corners. To the south of Arizona is the country Mexico with which it shares a border of 389 miles (626 km). The state is called the "Grand Canyon State" and the "Copper State" as it is the home of the Grand Canyon and has produced large amounts of copper from its mineral deposits.

State of Arizona
Flag of Arizona State seal of Arizona
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State;
The Valentine State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State song(s): "The Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesAs of 2010
DemonymArizonan[1]
Capital
(and largest city)
Phoenix
Largest metroGreater Phoenix
AreaRanked 6th
 • Total113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)
 • Width310 miles (500 km)
 • Length400 miles (645 km)
 • % water0.35
 • Latitude31°  20′ N to 37° N
 • Longitude109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
PopulationRanked 14th
 • Total7,016,270 (2017 est.)[3]
 • Density57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd
 • Median household income$52,248 [4] (33rd)
Elevation
 • Highest pointHumphreys Peak[5][6][7]
12,637 ft (3852 m)
 • Mean4,100 ft  (1250 m)
 • Lowest pointColorado River at the Sonora border[6][7]
72 ft (22 m)
Before statehoodArizona Territory
Admission to UnionFebruary 14, 1912 (48th)
GovernorDoug Ducey (R)
Secretary of StateKatie Hobbs (D)
LegislatureArizona Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsKyrsten Sinema (D)
Martha McSally (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
4 Republicans (list)
Time zones 
 • most of stateMountain: UTC −7 (no DST)
 • Navajo NationMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-AZ
AbbreviationsAZ, Ariz.
Websitewww.az.gov
Arizona state symbols
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianArizona tree frog
BirdCactus wren
ButterflyTwo-tailed swallowtail
FishApache trout
FlowerSaguaro cactus blossom
MammalRing-tailed cat
ReptileArizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
TreePalo verde
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue, old gold
FirearmColt Single Action Army revolver
FossilPetrified wood
GemstoneTurquoise
MineralFire agate
RockPetrified wood
ShipUSS Arizona
SloganThe Grand Canyon State
SoilCasa Grande
State route marker
Arizona state route marker
State quarter
Arizona quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols

Arizona became a state on February 14th, 1912 and became the 48th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Phoenix, which also is the largest city in the state. Phoenix is the largest capital city in the US.

Arizona's climate can be very hot. In Phoenix, the average temperature is about 107 degrees Fahrenheit (42 degrees Celsius) in summer.

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Saguaro at Sunset from Saguaro National Park Rincon District east of Tucson, Arizona

Arizona is the sixth largest state in area, after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), about 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.

Arizona is best known for its desert landscape. It has plants such as the cactus. It is also known for its climate, which has very hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central part of the state.

Mountains and plateaus are found in more than half of the state. 27% of Arizona is forest.[8] The largest stand of Ponderosa pine trees in the world is in Arizona.[9]

The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge. It is made by the Colorado River in northern Arizona. The canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Most of the canyon is in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States.

Arizona is home to a well-kept meteorite impact site. The Barringer Crater (better known simply as “Meteor Crater”) is a huge hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau. It is about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater is nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 570 feet (170 m) deep. Meteor Crater is a popular tourist attraction. It is privately owned by the Barringer family through the Barringer Crater Company. There is an admission fee charged to see the crater.

Arizona is one of two states that does not observe Daylight Saving Time, except in the Navajo Nation in the northeastern part of the state.

SportsEdit

State symbolsEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Arizona – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. April 25, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  2. "2010 Census State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  3. "Arizona: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=FQ0624. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. "Hardwood Forest Foundation: Experience: Arizona". Hardwoodforest.org.
  9. "Prescott Overview". Ncsu.edu. 2002-05-15. Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  10. Kids' Page - Arizona State Songs