Arizona is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the Southwestern United States and is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada to the northwest, California to the west, its northeast corner touches part of Colorado, this area is known as the Four Corners. To the south of Arizona is the country Mexico with which it shares a border of 389 miles (626 km). The state is called the "Grand Canyon State" and the "Copper State" as it is the home of the Grand Canyon and has produced large amounts of copper from its mineral deposits.
|State of Arizona|
The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State;
The Valentine State
Ditat Deus (God enriches)
|Anthem: "The Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"|
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
|Before statehood||Arizona Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||February 14, 1912 (48th)|
(and largest city)
|Largest metro and urban areas||Greater Phoenix|
|• Governor||Doug Ducey (R)|
|• Secretary of State||Katie Hobbs (D)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Kyrsten Sinema (D) |
Mark Kelly (D)
|U.S. House delegation||5 Democrats|
4 Republicans (list)
|• Total||113,990 sq mi (295,234 km2)|
|• Length||400 mi (645 km)|
|• Width||310 mi (500 km)|
|Elevation||4,100 ft (1,250 m)|
|Highest elevation||12,637 ft (3,852 m)|
|Lowest elevation||72 ft (22 m)|
|• Density||57/sq mi (22/km2)|
|• Density rank||33rd|
|• Median household income||$56,581|
|• Income rank||29th|
|• Official language||English|
|• Spoken language||As of 2010|
|Most of state||UTC−07:00 (Mountain)|
|Navajo Nation||UTC−07:00 (Mountain)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−06:00 (MDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-AZ|
|Latitude||31°20′ N to 37° N|
|Longitude||109°03′ W to 114°49′ W|
Arizona became a state on February 14th, 1912 and became the 48th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Phoenix, which also is the largest city in the state. Phoenix is the largest capital city in the US.
Arizona is home to 22 different Native American tribes, including the Navajo (Diné), Hopi, and Tohono O'odham communities.
Arizona is the sixth largest state in area, after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), about 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.
Arizona is best known for its desert landscape. It has plants such as the cactus. It is also known for its climate, which has very hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central part of the state.
The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge. It is made by the Colorado River in northern Arizona. The canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Most of the canyon is in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States.
Arizona is home to a well-kept meteorite impact site. The Barringer Crater (better known simply as “Meteor Crater”) is a huge hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau. It is about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater is nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 570 feet (170 m) deep. Meteor Crater is a popular tourist attraction. It is privately owned by the Barringer family through the Barringer Crater Company. There is an admission fee charged to see the crater.
Professional sports teams in Arizona include:
|Arizona Cardinals||Football||National Football League||2 (1925, 1947)|
|Arizona Diamondbacks||Baseball||Major League Baseball||1 (2001)|
|Arizona Coyotes||Ice hockey||National Hockey League||0|
|Phoenix Suns||Basketball||National Basketball Association||0|
|Arizona Rattlers||Arena Football||Arena Football League||3 (1994, 1997, 2012)|
|Arizona Sundogs||Ice hockey||Central Hockey League||1 (2007–08)|
|Phoenix Mercury||Basketball||Women's National Basketball Association||2 (2007, 2009)|
|Arizona Storm||Indoor Soccer||Professional Arena Soccer League||0|
|Phoenix Monsoon||Soccer||National Premier Soccer League||0|
|FC Tucson||Soccer||USL Premier Development League||0|
|Yuma Scorpions||Baseball||Golden Baseball League||1 (2007)|
Arizona has many golf courses and is home to several stops on the PGA Tour.
- Arizona state amphibian: Arizona Treefrog (Hyla eximia)
- Arizona state bird: Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus)
- Arizona state butterfly: Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata)
- Arizona state colors: Federal Blue and old gold
- Arizona state fish: Arizona Trout (Oncorhynchus gilae apache)
- Arizona state flag: Flag of the State of Arizona
- Arizona state flower: Saguaro blossom (Carnegiea gigantea)
- Arizona state fossil: Petrified wood
- Arizona state gemstone: Turquoise
- Arizona state mammal: Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
- Arizona state motto: Ditat Deus (Latin God enriches)
- Arizona state neckwear: Bolo tie
- Arizona state reptile: Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake (Crotalus willardi)
- Arizona state seal: Great Seal of the State of Arizona
- Arizona state slogan: Grand Canyon State
- Arizona state songs: "Arizona March Song" (by Margaret Rowe Clifford) and "Arizona" (by Rex Allen, Jr.)
- Arizona state tree: Blue Palo Verde (Parkinsonia florida)
- Arizona state gun: Colt Single Action Army revolver
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arizona.|
- "2010 Census State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Arizona—Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. April 25, 2007. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Hardwood Forest Foundation: Experience: Arizona". Hardwoodforest.org. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
- "Prescott Overview". Ncsu.edu. 2002-05-15. Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
- Kids' Page - Arizona State Songs