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state of the United States of America

Colorado is a state of the United States. Its capital and largest city is Denver. Other big cities are Colorado Springs and Aurora. It became a state in 1876.Colorado recently legalized the having and using marijuana, and it is the first state in US history to have done so.

State of Colorado
Flag of Coloradno State seal of Coloradno
Flag of Colorado Seal
Nickname(s): The Centennial State
Motto(s): Nil sine numine
Map of the United States with Coloradno highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Largest cityDenver
AreaRanked 8th
 • Total104,185 sq mi
(269,837 km2)
 • Width280 miles (451 km)
 • Length380 miles (612 km)
 • % water0.36
 • Latitude37°N to 41°N
 • Longitude102°W to 109°W
PopulationRanked 22nd
 • Total5,029,196[1]
 • Density48.5/sq mi  (18.7/km2)
Ranked 39th
 • Median household income$51,022 (10th)
 • Highest pointMount Elbert[2]
14,433 ft (4,402 m)
 • Mean6,800 ft  (2,100 m)
 • Lowest pointArikaree River[2]
3,315 ft (1,011 m)
Admission to UnionAugust 1, 1876 (38th)
GovernorJared Polis (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
 • Upper house{{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house{{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. SenatorsCory Gardner (R)
Michael Bennet (D)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/DST-6



The state was named after the Colorado River by Spanish explorers. US Army officer and amateur explorer Zebulon Pike was recruited by the United States government in 1806 to locate the source of the Mississippi River and to check out Spanish settlements in New Mexico.[3] Even though his recorded location for the source of the Mississippi was extremely inaccurate and allegedly got lost in his expedition, he did explore much of what would become the American Southwest. When he reached what is now Colorado Springs, he named a mountain after himself, Pikes Peak, which remains a symbol for the city as well as the state to this day. Colorado has a long history of mining and digging for gold. It is the place where the Pike's Peak Gold Rush took place. When gold in California was becoming harder and harder to find, people came to Colorado in large numbers when gold was discovered there in 1859, ten years after the California Gold Rush began. Many mining camps set up in Colorado would later become cities, such as Denver City and Boulder City. The motto for the gold rush was "Pike's Peak or Bust". In 1971, the Libertarian Party was formed in the state.


A map of Colorado

The State of Colorado is shaped like a rectangle. The borders are latitude and longitude lines. The four borders are at 37°N, 41°N, 102°03'W, and 109°03'W. (The east and west borders are 25°W and 32°W from the Washington Meridian.) Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only three U.S. states that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries and that have no natural borders. When government surveyors made the border markers for the "Territory of Colorado", minor surveying mistakes made many small kinks along the borders, most seen along the border with the "Territory of Utah."

The tip of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet (4,401 m) elevation in Lake County is the state's highest point and the highest point in the entire Rocky Mountains. Colorado has more than 100 mountain peaks that reach over 4,000 meters (13,123 ft) in height. Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in height. Colorado has the highest average elevation of any state at 6,800 ft.[4] It touches New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming.

The land area of Colorado is roughly the same size as New Zealand.[5]


The weather and temperatures in Colorado are quite different compared to most of the United States. In most other states, the southern part is warmer than the northern part, southern Colorado is not noticeably warmer than northern Colorado. Mountains and surrounding valleys greatly affect local climate. As a normal rule, with an increase in height comes a decrease in temperature and an increase in rain. There exists a phenomenally severe change in climate in Colorado between the Rocky Mountains on the west and the Great Plains on the east, both of which are separated by a lesser range known to Colorado citizens and primarily Boulderites as "the Foothills".


A population density map of Colorado

The state's largest city, and capital, is Denver. The "Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area", is home to 2,927,911 people, it has more than two-thirds of the state's population.

As of 2005, Colorado has an estimated population of 4,665,177, which is an increase of 63,356, or 1.4%, from the last year and an increase of 363,162, or 8.4%, since the year 2000. This has a natural increase since the last census of 205,321 people (that is 353,091 births minus 147,770 deaths) and an increase because of migration of 159,957 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States makes a net increase of 112,217 people, and migration within the country made a net increase of 47,740 people.


The Chapel on the Rock at Camp Saint Malo near Allenspark.

Colorado's most common religion is Christianity, and its most common denomination is Catholicism. Colorado, and mostly the city of Colorado Springs, serves as the headquarters of many Christian groups, many of them Evangelical. "Focus on the Family" is a big conservative Christian organization headquartered in Colorado Springs.

Major religious affiliations of the people of Colorado are:


The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the total state product in 2007 was $236 billion. Per capita personal income in 2007 was $41,192, ranking Colorado eleventh in the United States. Early companies were based on the extraction and getting minerals and agricultural things. Today's agricultural things are cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, and hay. On January 1 2014 Colorado became the first state to make marijuana legal.[6] In the first week of this $5 million of marijuana was sold.[7] The marijuana industry is expected to make Colorado's economy $359 million by the end of 2014.[8]

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Resident Population Data". Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S. Geological Survey. April 29 2005. Retrieved 2007-01-08. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. "Pike expedition sets out".
  4. "50 State Elevations (mean elevation)".
  5. "The True Size Of..."