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Colorado

state of the United States of America

Colorado is a state of the United States. Its capital and largest city is Denver. Other big cities are Colorado Springs and Aurora. It became a state in 1876.Colorado recently legalized the having and using Cannabis, and it is the first state in US history to have done so.

State of Colorado
Flag of Colorado State seal of Colorado
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
Motto(s): Nil sine numine
(English: Nothing without providence)
State song(s): "Where the Columbines Grow" and "Rocky Mountain High[1]"
Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted
Official languageEnglish
DemonymColoradan
Capital
(and largest city)
Denver
Largest metroDenver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MSA
AreaRanked 8th
 • Total104,094 sq mi
(269,837 km2)
 • Width280 miles (450 km)
 • Length380 miles (610 km)
 • % water0.36%
 • Latitude37°N to 41°N
 • Longitude102°02'48"W to 109°02'48"W
PopulationRanked 21st
 • Total5,695,564 (2018 est.)[2]
 • Density52.0/sq mi  (19.9/km2)
Ranked 37th
 • Median household income$70,566[3] (8th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMount Elbert[4][5][6][7] in Lake County
14,440 ft (4401.2 m)
 • Mean6,800 ft  (2070 m)
 • Lowest pointArikaree River[5][6] at the Kansas border
3,317 ft (1011 m)
Admission to UnionAugust 1, 1876[8] (38th)
GovernorJared Polis (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMichael Bennet (D)
Cory Gardner (R)
U.S. House delegation4 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Time zoneMountain Time Zone: UTC−7/UTC−6
ISO 3166US-CO
AbbreviationsCO
Websitewww.colorado.gov
Colorado state symbols
Flag of Colorado designed by Andrew Carlisle Carson.svg
Seal of Colorado.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianWestern tiger salamander
Ambystoma mavortium
BirdLark bunting
Calamospiza melanocoryus
CactusClaret cup cactus
Echinocereus triglochidiatus
FishGreenback cutthroat trout
Oncorhynchus clarki somias
FlowerRocky Mountain columbine
Aquilegia coerulea
GrassBlue grama grass
Bouteloua gracilis
InsectColorado Hairstreak
Hypaurotis crysalus' '
MammalRocky Mountain bighorn sheep
Ovis canadensis
PetColorado shelter pets
Canis lupus familiaris
and
Felis catus
ReptileWestern painted turtle
Chrysemys picta bellii
TreeColorado blue spruce
Picea pungens
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue, Red, Yellow, White
DinosaurStegosaurus
Folk danceSquare dance
Chorea quadra
FossilStegosaurus
Stegosaurus armatus
GemstoneAquamarine
MineralRhodochrosite
RockYule Marble
ShipUSS Colorado (SSN-788)
SloganColorful Colorado
SoilSeitz
SportPack burro racing
TartanColorado State Tartan
State route marker
Colorado state route marker
State quarter
Colorado quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Contents

HistoryEdit

The state was named after the Colorado River by Spanish explorers. US Army officer and amateur explorer Zebulon Pike was recruited by the United States government in 1806 to locate the source of the Mississippi River and to check out Spanish settlements in New Mexico.[9] Even though his recorded location for the source of the Mississippi was extremely inaccurate and allegedly got lost in his expedition, he did explore much of what would become the American Southwest. When he reached what is now Colorado Springs, he named a mountain after himself, Pikes Peak, which remains a symbol for the city as well as the state to this day. Colorado has a long history of mining and digging for gold. It is the place where the Pike's Peak Gold Rush took place. When gold in California was becoming harder and harder to find, people came to Colorado in large numbers when gold was discovered there in 1859, ten years after the California Gold Rush began. Many mining camps set up in Colorado would later become cities, such as Denver City and Boulder City. The motto for the gold rush was "Pike's Peak or Bust". In 1971, the Libertarian Party was formed in the state.

GeographyEdit

 
A map of Colorado

The State of Colorado is shaped like a rectangle. The borders are latitude and longitude lines. The four borders are at 37°N, 41°N, 102°03'W, and 109°03'W. (The east and west borders are 25°W and 32°W from the Washington Meridian.) Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only three U.S. states that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries and that have no natural borders. When government surveyors made the border markers for the "Territory of Colorado", minor surveying mistakes made many small kinks along the borders, most seen along the border with the "Territory of Utah."

The tip of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet (4,401 m) elevation in Lake County is the state's highest point and the highest point in the entire Rocky Mountains. Colorado has more than 100 mountain peaks that reach over 4,000 meters (13,123 ft) in height. Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in height. Colorado has the highest average elevation of any state at 6,800 ft.[10] It touches New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming.

The land area of Colorado is roughly the same size as New Zealand.[11]

ClimateEdit

The weather and temperatures in Colorado are quite different compared to most of the United States. In most other states, the southern part is warmer than the northern part, southern Colorado is not noticeably warmer than northern Colorado. Mountains and surrounding valleys greatly affect local climate. As a normal rule, with an increase in height comes a decrease in temperature and an increase in rain. There exists a phenomenally severe change in climate in Colorado between the Rocky Mountains on the west and the Great Plains on the east, both of which are separated by a lesser range known to Colorado citizens and primarily Boulderites as "the Foothills".

PopulationEdit

 
A population density map of Colorado

The state's largest city, and capital, is Denver. The "Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area", is home to 2,927,911 people, it has more than two-thirds of the state's population.

As of 2005, Colorado has an estimated population of 4,665,177, which is an increase of 63,356, or 1.4%, from the last year and an increase of 363,162, or 8.4%, since the year 2000. This has a natural increase since the last census of 205,321 people (that is 353,091 births minus 147,770 deaths) and an increase because of migration of 159,957 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States makes a net increase of 112,217 people, and migration within the country made a net increase of 47,740 people.

ReligionEdit

 
The Chapel on the Rock at Camp Saint Malo near Allenspark.

Colorado's most common religion is Christianity, and its most common denomination is Catholicism. Colorado, and mostly the city of Colorado Springs, serves as the headquarters of many Christian groups, many of them Evangelical. "Focus on the Family" is a big conservative Christian organization headquartered in Colorado Springs.

Major religious affiliations of the people of Colorado are:

EconomyEdit

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the total state product in 2007 was $236 billion. Per capita personal income in 2007 was $41,192, ranking Colorado eleventh in the United States. Early companies were based on the extraction and getting minerals and agricultural things. Today's agricultural things are cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, and hay. On January 1 2014 Colorado became the first state to make marijuana legal.[12] In the first week of this $5 million of marijuana was sold.[13] The marijuana industry is expected to make Colorado's economy $359 million by the end of 2014.[14]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Lawmakers name 'Rocky Mountain High' second state song | 9news.com". Archive.9news.com. March 13, 2007. Archived from the original on November 30, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  2. "2017 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  3. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation "Median Annual Household Income" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  4. "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=KL0637. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. The summit of Mount Elbert is the highest point of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
  8. President of the United States of America (August 1, 1876). "Proclamation of the Admission of Colorado to the Union" (php). The American Presidency Project. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  9. "Pike expedition sets out". History.com.
  10. "50 State Elevations (mean elevation)". Netstate.com.
  11. "The True Size Of..."
  12. CNN, By Michael Martinez. "10 things to know about Colorado's recreational marijuana shops". CNN.
  13. Ferner, Matt (8 January 2014). "Colorado Recreational Marijuana Sales Exceed $5 Million In First Week" – via Huff Post.
  14. Berman, Jillian (9 January 2014). "Colorado's Weed Workers, They're Just Like Us!" – via Huff Post.