South Carolina

state of the United States of America

South Carolina is a state in the southeast United States. Its capital city is Columbia and the largest city is Charleston. The population of the state is about 5.2 million people, ranked 23rd in the United States. South Carolina has an area of 32,030 square miles, making it the 40th largest state in the United States.

South Carolina
State of South Carolina
The Palmetto State
Dum spiro spero* (Latin, 'While I breathe, I hope')
Animis opibusque parati† (Latin, 'Prepared in mind and resources')
Anthem: "Carolina";
"South Carolina On My Mind"
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of South Carolina
Admitted to the UnionMay 23, 1788 (8th)
Largest cityCharleston[1]
Largest metro and urban areasGreenville
 • GovernorHenry McMaster (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorPamela Evette (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsLindsey Graham (R)
Tim Scott (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Republicans
2 Democrats (list)
 • Total32,020[2] sq mi (82,932 km2)
 • Land30,109 sq mi (77,982 km2)
 • Water1,911 sq mi (4,949 km2)  6%
Area rank40th
 • Length260 mi (420 km)
 • Width200 mi (320 km)
350 ft (110 m)
Highest elevation3,560 ft (1,085 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[3])
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total5,148,714
 • Rank23rd
 • Density157/sq mi (60.6/km2)
 • Density rank19th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)South Carolinian
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-SC
Traditional abbreviationS.C.
Latitude32°2′ N to 35°13′ N
Longitude78°32′ W to 83°21′ W
South Carolina state symbols
Flag of South Carolina.svg
Seal of South Carolina.svg
Living insignia
BirdCarolina wren
ButterflyEastern tiger swallowtail
FishStriped bass
FlowerYellow jessamine
InsectCarolina Mantis
MammalWhite-tailed deer
ReptileLoggerhead Sea Turtle
TreeSabal palmetto
Inanimate insignia
DanceCarolina shag
FossilColumbian mammoth
Mammuthus columbi
RockBlue granite
ShellLettered olive
State route marker
South Carolina state route marker
State quarter
South Carolina quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

Other important cities in South Carolina are Columbia, Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson, Sumter, and Florence.

Major landforms include beaches, "barrier islands", salt marsh, sandhills, rolling piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of its natural beauty, the state attracts many tourists, especially to Myrtle Beach, Charleston, and Hilton Head Island. South Carolina became a state in 1788. The economy was agriculture-based, known for cotton, rice, indigo, and tobacco by African American slaves. After the American Civil War, the state lost much of its political and economic power. Towards the end of the 20th century, the state began to strengthen its economy and add population. Today, the major industries are tourism, textiles (clothing materials), golf, and manufacturing. South Carolina has the second highest number of workers employed by international companies per capita in the United States.

South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.


Before the Civil War, South Carolina grew a lot of rice. African slaves worked on slave plantations in the state.

Participation In The Civil War & 1876-1966 SegregationEdit

The Civil WarEdit

South Carolina became the first of eleven states to secede from the union, on December 20, 1860, to protest the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln. It joined the Confederacy. The first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter, in Charleston.

1876-1966 Segregation & Democratic DominanceEdit

After the Civil War, African-Americans in South Carolina got to vote for some time, but soon black codes were enacted, and white-supremacist groups like the KKK were reborn, restricting African-Americans from voting. South Carolina thus became a Democratic stronghold. In fact, in 1904, Republican Theodore Roosevelt, who was running for president, won less than 5% of the vote in the state. The Democratic candidate won over 95% of the vote. This cult of fear disabled most African-Americans in South Carolina from voting till 1965, when President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.

Confederate FlagEdit

For a long time, South Carolina had the Confederate flag hanging over its capital. This is no longer the case.

Famous PeopleEdit

U.S. President Andrew Jackson was born in South Carolina.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Population of Cities in South Carolina". World Population Review. 2019. Archived from the original on August 7, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. "United States Summary: 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. p. Table 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  4. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.