Georgia (U.S. state)

state of the United States of America

Georgia is a state in the southeastern part of the United States. It is bordered by Florida to the south, Alabama to the west, Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, and South Carolina to the east. All of Georgia's coastline is on the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean borders Georgia to the southeast.

State of Georgia
Flag of Georgia State seal of Georgia
Flag Seal
Peach State, Empire State of the South
Motto(s): Wisdom, Justice, Moderation
State song(s): "Georgia on My Mind"
Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesEnglish, Spanish (7.42%)
(and largest city)
Largest metroMetro Atlanta
AreaRanked 24th
 • Total59,425 sq mi
(153,909 km2)
 • Width230 miles (370 km)
 • Length298 miles (480 km)
 • % water2.6
 • Latitude30.356 – 34.985° N
 • Longitude80.840 – 85.605° W
PopulationRanked 8th
 • Total10,519,475 (est. 2018)
 • Density165/sq mi  (65.4/km2)
Ranked 18th
 • Median household income$50,768[1] (39th)
 • Highest pointBrasstown Bald[2][3]
4,784 ft (1,458 m)
 • Mean600 ft  (180 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[2]
Sea level
Before statehoodProvince of Georgia
Admission to UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
GovernorBrian Kemp (R)
Lieutenant GovernorGeoff Duncan (R)
LegislatureGeorgia General Assembly
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsDavid Perdue (R)
Kelly Loeffler (R)
U.S. House delegation9 Republicans
5 Democrats (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsGA, Ga.
Georgia state symbols
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
Seal of Georgia.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianAmerican green tree frog
BirdBrown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)
FishLargemouth bass
FlowerCherokee Rose
InsectHoney bee
MammalWhite-tailed deer
ReptileGopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus)
TreeLive oak (Quercus virginiana)
Inanimate insignia
OtherVegetable: Vidalia onion
Marine mammal: Right whale
State route marker
Georgia state route marker
State quarter
Georgia quarter dollar coin
Released in 1999
Lists of United States state symbols

Georgia was established in 1732 and became a state in 1788. It was the last of the original 13 colonies and eventually joined in the growing rebellion against Britain. Georgia was named after George II of Great Britain.

The 5 Regions of GeorgiaEdit

There are 5 regional habitats of Georgia. They are the Georgia mountains, Okeefenokee marsh/swamp area, the Georgia coastal region, the Georgia Piedmont, and Atlantic Coastal region .

Cities in GeorgiaEdit

The capital and largest city in Georgia is Atlanta. The 1996 Olympic Games took place there, and the book and movie Gone with the Wind was set in and around Atlanta in the 1860s. Other big cities in the state include Augusta, Columbus, Savannah, and Macon. Georgia has a total of 159 counties.


Related pagesEdit


  1. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.