species of fruit tree (for the fruit use Q13202263)

The peach is a species of the Prunus persica, and is a fruit tree of the rose family Rosaceae. They grow in the warm regions of both the northern and southern hemispheres.

Peach flower, fruit, seed and leaves as illustrated by Otto Wilhelm Thomé (1885).
Photograph showing a peach in cross section with yellow flesh and a single large reddish brown pit
Autumn Red peaches, cross section
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Amygdalus
P. persica
Binomial name
Prunus persica
(L.) Batsch 1801 not Stokes 1812 nor (L.) Siebold & Zucc. 1845[1]
  • Amygdalus persica L. 1753
  • Amygdalus persica var. aganonucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. compressa (Loudon) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. scleronucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. scleropersica (Rchb.) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Persica platycarpa Decne.
  • Persica vulgaris Mill.
  • Persica vulgaris var. compressa Loudon
  • Prunus daemonifuga H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Prunus persica (L.) Stokes
  • Prunus persica (L.) Siebold & Zucc.
  • Prunus persica f. aganonucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) Rehder
  • Prunus persica var. compressa (Loudon) Bean
  • Prunus persica var. lasiocalyx H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Prunus persica var. platycarpa (Decne.) L.H.Bailey
  • Prunus persica subsp. platycarpa (Decne.) D. Rivera, Obón, S. Ríos, Selma, F. Mendez, Verde & F.Cano
  • Prunus persica f. scleropersica (Rchb.) Voss
  • Amygdalus nucipersica (L.) Rchb.
  • Persica nucipersica (L.) Borkh.
  • Amygdalus potanini (Batalin) T.T.Yu
  • Persica potaninii (Batalin) Kovalev & Kostina

Description change

Peach blossoms are small to medium-sized. The tree is sometimes up to 6.5 m (21 feet) in height. When it is grown by people, the height it is usually kept between 3 and 4 m (10 and 13 feet) by pruning. Its leaves are green and pointy. They usually have glands that make a liquid to attract insects.

Peaches are also called stone fruits because they have a shell of hard wood around their seed, called a stone or a pit. The skin of a peach is an orange or yellow color, and it is covered in small hairs called peach fuzz. A peach without the fuzz is usually called a nectarine. The inside of a peach is a golden color. It tastes sweet and sticky. Because of this, peaches are often part of desserts.

Symbolism change

The peach first came from China.[3] It has been grown from at least since 1000 B.C.E.[3] In Chinese culture, the peach tree is considered to be the tree of life and peaches are symbols of immortality.[3] Peach blossoms are carried by Chinese brides.[3] It is also considered as the "National fruit of Afghanistan" and the "Provincial fruit of Balochistan, Pakistan" respectively.

Lifespan of a peach change


Because of the cold winter, diseases, and pests, peach trees can usually only live about 10 to 12 years. However, if a peach tree is fertilized properly, and taken care of in the right way, it may live more years.[4]

Pests change

Brown rot change

Brown rot is a very dangerous kind of peach disease. It can attack the blossoms and stop the fruit from developing. If it is not stopped quickly, good quality fruit can not be produced from the peach tree.[4]

Peach leaf curl change

Peach leaf curl, which is another very serious disease, makes the leaves curl up and begin to die in spring. It can be stopped if it meets fungicide.[4]

Bacterial spot change

Bacterial spot gives harm to the leaves, twigs and fruit. By the time the disease is recognized, it is often too late to stop it.[4] However, some kind of sprays may be used early in the next season to protect the peach tree.

Cankers change

Cankers is a kind of disease that infects the twigs and branches. They make large amounts of amber-colored gum spill out from the infected branch. Later, the bark will crack open completely and the tissue of the twig turns black. Cankers can be removed by pruning.

Insects change

There are several kinds of insect pests that can be great trouble to the peach. The Oriental fruit moth can make the peaches filled with worms and young growing tips may die.[4] The plum curculio lays its eggs on the fruit, and makes them drop off or become filled with worms.[4] Insects like the tarnished plant bug and the stink bug eat up the fruit that is still developing.[4] Borers attack the base of the trunk and the branches.[4]

Gallery change

References change

  1. "IPNI Plant Name Query Results". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  2. "The Plant List, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch". Archived from the original on 2021-03-10. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Peach Facts: All about Peaches | The Nibble Gourmet Food Magazine". Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 "G6030 Home Fruit Production: Peach and Nectarine Culture, University of Missouri Extension". Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010.