Arkansas, nicknamed the Land of Opportunity or The Natural State, is a state in the United States of America. Its capital and largest city is Little Rock. It has been estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2015 that around 2,978,204 people live in Arkansas.
|State of Arkansas|
The Natural State (current)
Land of Opportunity (former)
|Anthem: "Arkansas", "Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me)", "Oh, Arkansas", and "The Arkansas Traveler"|
|Before statehood||Arkansas Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||June 15, 1836 (25)|
(and largest city)
|Largest metro and urban areas||Central Arkansas|
|• Governor||Asa Hutchinson (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Tim Griffin (R)|
|Legislature||Arkansas General Assembly|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|Judiciary||Arkansas Supreme Court|
|U.S. senators||John Boozman (R)|
Tom Cotton (R)
|U.S. House delegation||4 Republicans (list)|
|• Total||53,179 sq mi (137,732 km2)|
|• Land||52,035 sq mi (134,771 km2)|
|• Water||1,143 sq mi (2,961 km2) 2.15%|
|• Length||240 mi (386 km)|
|• Width||270 mi (435 km)|
|Elevation||650 ft (200 m)|
|Highest elevation||2,753 ft (839 m)|
|Lowest elevation||55 ft (17 m)|
|• Density||56.4/sq mi (21.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||34|
|• Median household income||$49,500|
|• Income rank||48th|
|• Official language||English|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-AR|
|Latitude||33° 00′ N to 36° 30′ N|
|Longitude||89° 39′ W to 94° 37′ W|
|Arkansas state symbols|
|Other||South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato (state fruit and vegetable)|
|State route marker|
Released in 2003
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction. Native Americans first settled in the state before the arrival of Europeans. African American slaves were imported to Arkansas for slavery.
The Buffalo National River, one of many attractions that give the state's nickname The Natural State.
Arkansas has many rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Arkansas has few natural lakes but many reservoirs such as Bull Shoals Lake, Lake Ouachita, Greers Ferry Lake, Millwood Lake, Beaver Lake, Norfork Lake, DeGray Lake, and Lake Conway.
Arkansas is home to many caves, such as Blanchard Springs Caverns. More than 43,000 Native American living, hunting and tool making sites have been catalogued by the State Archeologist. Arkansas is currently the only U.S. state in which diamonds are mined. This is done by members of the public with primitive digging tools for a small daily fee, not by commercial interests.
Arkansas is home to a bunch of Wilderness Areas totaling around 150,000 acres (610 km2). These areas are set aside for outdoor recreation and are open to hunting, fishing, hiking, and camping. No vehicles are allowed in these areas.
Arkansas, like most other Southern states, is part of the Bible Belt. It is mostly Protestant. The largest denominations by number of followers in 2000 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 665,307; the United Methodist Church with 179,383; the Roman Catholic Church with 115,967; and the American Baptist Association with 115,916.
Education in Arkansas has been an issue. Part of the problem has been low teacher salaries and small budgets for spending on students. Other problems have been not wanting to integrate, and poor school facilities.
Arkansas has two university systems: Arkansas State University System and University of Arkansas System. Some other public institutions are Arkansas Tech University, Henderson State University, Southern Arkansas University, and University of Central Arkansas. It is also home to 11 private colleges and universities. One of them being Hendrix College, one of the nation's top 100 liberal arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report.
Arkansas is notable for its bauxite mines. Arkansas was also the first U.S. state where diamonds were found. Notable Arkansans include Bill Clinton, who was governor of Arkansas before he became the President of the United States, Sam Walton, the founder of Wal-Mart, Johnny Cash, a famous guitarist known as "The Man In Black", and Rodger Bumpass, Who voices Squidward Tentacles on the Nickelodeon show SpongeBob SquarePants.
- Arkansas Post National Memorial at Gillett
- Buffalo National River
- Fort Smith National Historic Site
- Hot Springs National Park
- Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site
- Pea Ridge National Military Park
- President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site
- Clinton House Museum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arkansas.|
- "Mag". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Bureau, US Census (April 26, 2021). "2020 Census Apportionment Results". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- "US Census Bureau QuickFacts". Retrieved April 30, 2022.
- Blevins 2009, p. 2.
- ""Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau".
- Smith, Richard M. (1989). The Atlas of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-55728-047-3.
- "Crater of Diamonds: History of diamonds, diamond mining in Arkansas". Craterofdiamondsstatepark.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "US Diamond Mines – Diamond Mining in the United States". Geology.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports". Thearda.com. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Goodwyn, Lawrence; Books, Time-Life. The Shouth Central States Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas. Taylor & Francis. p. 122.
- "National Liberal Arts College Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- "Arkansas". National Park Service. Retrieved July 15, 2008.