Bill Clinton

42nd President of the United States

William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician and humanitarian activist. He was the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Before he was president, Clinton was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992, as well as the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979.

Bill Clinton
Offical portrait, 1993
42nd President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
Vice PresidentAl Gore
Preceded byGeorge H. W. Bush
Succeeded byGeorge W. Bush
40th and 42nd Governor of Arkansas
In office
January 11, 1983 – December 12, 1992
LieutenantWinston Bryant
Jim Guy Tucker
Preceded byFrank D. White
Succeeded byJim Guy Tucker
In office
January 9, 1979 – January 19, 1981
LieutenantJoe Purcell
Preceded byJoe Purcell (Acting)
Succeeded byFrank D. White
50th Attorney General of Arkansas
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 9, 1979
GovernorDavid Pryor
Joe Purcell (acting)
Preceded byJim Guy Tucker
Succeeded bySteve Clark
Personal details
William Jefferson Blythe III

(1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 77)
Hope, Arkansas, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic Party
Spouse(s)Hillary Rodham (1975-present)
Children1; Chelsea
ResidenceChappaqua, New York
Alma materGeorgetown University (B.S.)
University College, Oxford
Yale University (J.D.)
SignatureCursive signature of Bill Clinton in ink
WebsiteClinton Presidential Library

He took office at the end of the Cold War. Clinton was the first president from the baby boomer generation. He was 46 years old when he was elected, making him the third-youngest president. He was impeached in 1998 for lying about a sexual relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky. Clinton was the second president to be impeached.

Clinton left office in 2001 with the joint-highest approval rating of any U.S. president in the modern era, alongside Franklin D. Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan. His presidency is generally ranked among the upper tier in historical rankings of U.S. presidents. However, his personal life and allegations of sexual assault made against him lead to Clinton being the subject of criticism.

He is married to Hillary Rodham Clinton, who was the 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, U.S. senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and the Democratic nominee for president in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Early years Edit

Clinton was born William Jefferson Blythe III at Julia Chester Hospital in Hope, Arkansas. His biological father, William Jefferson Blythe. Jr, died in a car accident, three months before Clinton was born. His mother, Virginia Clinton Kelley was a Nurse anesthetist. He took the last name Clinton because it was his stepfather, Roger Clinton, Sr.'s name. Clinton grew up in Hot Springs, Arkansas. In high school, Clinton played the saxophone. Clinton went to college at Georgetown University. During his college years, Clinton worked under several politicians. He later went to Oxford University and Yale Law School. Clinton did not fight in the Vietnam War because he was in the ROTC for a short time.[1][2]

Before being President Edit

Clinton married Hillary Rodham in 1975. In 1980, their daughter, Chelsea Clinton, was born.

After law school, Clinton was elected Attorney General of Arkansas in 1976 and governor of Arkansas in 1978. At 32, he was the youngest governor in the country at that time. Clinton was governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and again from 1983 to 1993. Clinton was known for being a "New Democrat" while governor. During his time as governor, Clinton changed the state's school system. There was also a scandal called Whitewater during Clinton's term.

Presidency Edit

In the 1992 presidential election, he beat Republican George H. W. Bush. During the early part of Clinton's first term, he put in place a tax code which would increase taxes on the rich.

The First inauguration of Bill Clinton, January 20, 1993

In 1994, during Clinton's first term in office, the Congress switched to a Republican majority. However, Clinton still beat Republican Bob Dole in the 1996 election.

The Republicans defeated Clinton's proposal for the U.S. government to adopt universal health care. The Republicans proposed many new ideas to Congress to limit the size of government such as requiring the budget to be balanced and to stop people from abusing the welfare system.

Clinton was sued by Paula Jones for sexual harassment, but the lawsuit was officially dismissed after Jones failed to prove damages. This made him the first sitting United States president to be sued.[3]

President Clinton was accused of wrongdoing by the U.S. House of Representatives in December 1998 during the Monica Lewinsky scandal and was impeached.[4] Although he lied that they did not engage in sexual activity, he was found to have done nothing wrong by the U.S. Senate in February 1999.[5]

The country faced very few challenges during his term. The Cold War was over and there was very little need for the U.S. military to get involved in the world's affairs, so defense spending was significantly lowered. The economy was doing very well during his term, though there is a debate about whether the economy was well because of Clinton's policies or because of the Republicans' policies.

The decade ended with it being the first time the United States did not have to borrow money to pay for its budget. Clinton left office in 2001 with high approval ratings and was succeeded by George W. Bush.

Post-presidency Edit

After his presidency, he wrote some books and traveled around the world helping out the United States. He is married to former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and now lives in New York. He has written My Life, a book about his life, and several other books. Clinton has received two Grammy Awards, both for books he read on tape. He is now the U.N.'s envoy to Haiti. He also became a vegan.[6]

On November 20, 2013, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor of the United States, by President Barack Obama.

On October 12, 2021, Clinton was hospitalized with sepsis in Irvine, California.[7]

References Edit

  1. Morris, Roger (April 25, 1999). Partners in Power: The Clintons and Their America. Regnery Publishing. ISBN 978-0-89526-302-5. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  2. Metcalf, Geoffrey M. (November 28, 2002). In the Arena: Geoff Metcalf Interviews with Doers of Deeds. iUniverse. ISBN 978-0-595-25752-2. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  3. Baker, Peter (November 14, 1998). "Clinton Settles Paula Jones Lawsuit for $850,000". Washington Post. Retrieved February 23, 2016. The case . . . made him the first president ever interrogated under oath as a defendant in a civil lawsuit. . .
  4. "Latest news | Clinton impeached". BBC News. December 19, 1998. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  5. "Special Report: Clinton Accused". February 13, 1999. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  6. Conason, Joe. "Bill Clinton Reveals How He Became a Vegan". AARP. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  7. Choi, Joseph (October 14, 2021). "Bill Clinton hospitalized with sepsis". The Hill. Retrieved October 14, 2021.

Other websites Edit