University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a university in Oxford, England. It is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings said it is the second-best university in the world with Harvard University.
|Latin: Universitas Oxoniensis|
|Motto||Dominus Illuminatio Mea (Latin)|
Motto in English
|The Lord is my Light|
|Established||Unknown, teaching existed since 1096 (age 923–924)|
|Endowment||£3.3 billion (inc. colleges)|
|Chancellor||The Rt. Hon. Lord Patten of Barnes|
|Colours|| Oxford Blue|
The university is 38 colleges and six private halls. All of these colleges have their own buildings and their own staff. Oxford is quite different from most modern universities where all the students live on a campus. Oxford does not have a campus, although it does have some central places where students from different colleges can come together (for example, libraries).
The Bodleian Library (founded in 1602) is the main library of the University of Oxford, and one of the oldest libraries in Europe. It is the second largest library in the United Kingdom after the British Library.
There is no known date of foundation, but there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. English students were not allowed to continue studying in Paris after Thomas Becket was murdered.
There were fights between the students in Oxford and the people who lived there in the early 13th century. Some students and teachers left the university in 1209, and made a new university in Cambridge. These two universities are now great rivals, and together are sometimes known as "Oxbridge".
Until 1920, women were not allowed to take degrees at Oxford, although some women studied at Oxford before that time. Nowadays, all the colleges allow both men and women as students, and the number of male and female students is roughly equal.
Colleges and hallsEdit
There are 38 colleges at Oxford and 6 permanent private halls.
A college will normally offer the students accommodation (a room to sleep and study in) for the first and last years of their time at University. Many also offer accommodation for other years. A college will also have space for teaching and socializing. When most of the older colleges started they were only for people of one sex, but St Hilda's College, the last college to allow only women to study there, recently allowed men as well.
A permanent private hall is slightly different to a college. They were normally started by religious groups to educate their members in philosophy and theology, but some have since grown and offer a broader range of subjects. Some halls are run by monks, and one of them – St Benet's Hall – will only accept male students.
Most colleges will teach at both undergraduate (the more basic first degree that a student takes) and postgraduate (a higher level of study) level. There are also some special colleges that are more restrictive. Five colleges only offer space to postgraduate students. Harris Manchester College is only for "mature students" (those who are over 21 when they start their degree). All Souls College does not take students – all of its members teach students or do research.
Getting into OxfordEdit
Oxford, like Cambridge, is very popular, but there are only a limited number of spaces for students. It is therefore harder for students to get into these universities. The colleges look for the students with the best school results in the subjects for which they are applying, typically A marks on A-levels.
- "A Brief History of the University". University of Oxford. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Campaign for Oxford". Retrieved 5 January 2010.
- "Facts and Figures". University of Oxford. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "Student Statistics". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- from "The brand colour – Oxford blue".
- Sager, Peter (2005). Oxford and Cambridge: An Uncommon History p. 36
- Introduction and history. University of Oxford. 
- Jan Morris (ed.) The Oxford Book of Oxford. Oxford University Press
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