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List of Governors of Arkansas

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The Governor of Arkansas is the head of the executive branch of Arkansas's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

Governor of Arkansas
Seal of Arkansas.svg
Incumbent
Asa Hutchinson

since January 13, 2015
Style The Honorable
Residence Arkansas Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder James Sevier Conway
Formation 1836; Constitution of Arkansas
Succession Every four years, unless re-elected.
Salary $86,890 (2013)[1]

Contents

List of governorsEdit

#[a] Governor Term start Term end Party Lt. Governor[b][c] Terms[d]
1   James Sevier Conway September 13, 1836 November 4, 1840 Democratic None 1
2 Archibald Yell November 4, 1840 April 29, 1844 Democratic 12[e]
Samuel Adams April 29, 1844 November 5, 1844 Democratic 12[f]
3 Thomas Stevenson Drew November 5, 1844 January 10, 1849 Democratic 1+13[g]
Richard C. Byrd January 10, 1849 April 19, 1849 Democratic 13[h]
4 John Selden Roane April 19, 1849 November 15, 1852 Democratic 13[i]
5 Elias Nelson Conway November 15, 1852 November 16, 1860 Democratic 2
6 Henry Massey Rector November 16, 1860 November 4, 1862 Democratic 1[j]
7 Harris Flanagin November 4, 1862 May 26, 1865 Democratic 1[k][l]
8 Isaac Murphy April 18, 1864 July 2, 1868 Republican   Calvin C. Bliss[10] 1[k]
James M. Johnson[11]
9 Powell Clayton July 2, 1868 March 17, 1871 Republican James M. Johnson[m] 12[n]
Ozra Amander Hadley[o] March 17, 1871 January 6, 1873 Republican Vacant 12[p]
10 Elisha Baxter January 6, 1873 November 12, 1874 Republican Volney V. Smith[13] 1[q][r]
11 Augustus Hill Garland November 12, 1874 January 11, 1877 Democratic None 2
12 William Read Miller January 11, 1877 January 11, 1881 Democratic 2
13 Thomas James Churchill January 11, 1881 January 13, 1883 Democratic 1
14 James Henderson Berry January 13, 1883 January 17, 1885 Democratic 1
15 Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. January 17, 1885 January 8, 1889 Democratic 2
16 James Philip Eagle January 8, 1889 January 10, 1893 Democratic 2
17 William Meade Fishback January 10, 1893 January 8, 1895 Democratic 1
18 James Paul Clarke January 8, 1895 January 12, 1897 Democratic 1
19 Daniel Webster Jones January 12, 1897 January 8, 1901 Democratic 2
20 Jeff Davis January 8, 1901 January 8, 1907 Democratic 3
21 John Sebastian Little January 8, 1907 February 15, 1907 Democratic 14[s]
John Isaac Moore February 15, 1907 May 14, 1907 Democratic 14[t]
Xenophon Overton Pindall May 14, 1907 January 11, 1909 Democratic 14[u]
Jesse M. Martin January 11, 1909 January 14, 1909 Democratic 14[v]
22 George Washington Donaghey January 14, 1909 January 16, 1913 Democratic 2
23 Joseph Taylor Robinson January 16, 1913 March 8, 1913 Democratic 14[n]
William Kavanaugh Oldham March 8, 1913 March 13, 1913 Democratic 14[w]
Junius Marion Futrell March 13, 1913 July 23, 1913 Democratic 14[x]
24 George Washington Hays July 23, 1913 January 10, 1917 Democratic Vacant 14[y]
25 Charles Hillman Brough January 10, 1917 January 11, 1921 Democratic 2
26 Thomas Chipman McRae January 11, 1921 January 13, 1925 Democratic 2
27 Tom Jefferson Terral January 13, 1925 January 11, 1927 Democratic 1
28 John Ellis Martineau January 11, 1927 March 4, 1928 Democratic Harvey Parnell 12[z]
29 Harvey Parnell March 4, 1928 January 10, 1933 Democratic William Lee Cazort 2+12[aa]
Lawrence Elery Wilson
30 Junius Marion Futrell January 10, 1933 January 12, 1937 Democratic William Lee Cazort 2
31 Carl Edward Bailey January 12, 1937 January 14, 1941 Democratic Robert L. Bailey 2
32 Homer Martin Adkins January 14, 1941 January 9, 1945 Democratic Robert L. Bailey 2
James L. Shaver
33 Benjamin Travis Laney January 9, 1945 January 11, 1949 Democratic James L. Shaver 2
Nathan Green Gordon
34 Sid McMath January 11, 1949 January 13, 1953 Democratic Nathan Green Gordon 2
35 Francis Cherry January 13, 1953 January 11, 1955 Democratic Nathan Green Gordon 1
36 Orval Faubus January 11, 1955 January 10, 1967 Democratic Nathan Green Gordon 6
37 Winthrop Rockefeller January 10, 1967 January 12, 1971 Republican Maurice Britt 2
38 Dale Bumpers January 12, 1971 January 3, 1975 Democratic Bob C. Riley 1+12[n]
Bob C. Riley January 3, 1975 January 14, 1975 Democratic 12[ab]
39 David Pryor January 14, 1975 January 3, 1979 Democratic Joe Purcell 1+12[n]
Joe Purcell January 3, 1979 January 9, 1979 Democratic 12[ab]
40 Bill Clinton January 9, 1979 January 19, 1981 Democratic Joe Purcell 1
41 Frank D. White January 19, 1981 January 11, 1983 Republican Winston Bryant[ac] 1
42 Bill Clinton January 11, 1983 December 12, 1992 Democratic Winston Bryant 3+12[ad][ae]
Jim Guy Tucker
43 Jim Guy Tucker December 12, 1992 July 15, 1996 Democratic Mike Huckabee[af] 12+12[aa][ag]
44 Mike Huckabee July 15, 1996 January 9, 2007 Republican Winthrop P. Rockefeller[ah] 2+12[aa]
45 Mike Beebe January 9, 2007 January 13, 2015 Democratic Bill Halter 2
Mark Darr[af]
46 Asa Hutchinson January 13, 2015 Incumbent Republican Tim Griffin 1[ai]

Living former U.S. governors of ArkansasEdit

As of January 2016, there were five former U.S. governors of Arkansas who are still living. The oldest was David Pryor (1975-1979, born 1934). The most recent death of a former U.S. governor of Arkansas was that of Dale Bumpers (1971–1975), who died on January 1, 2016. The most recently serving governor to die was Frank D. White, who served from 1981 to 1983 and died on May 21, 2003.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
David Pryor 1975–1979 (1934-08-29) August 29, 1934 (age 83)
Bill Clinton 1979–1981
1983–1992
(1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 71)
Jim Guy Tucker 1992–1996 (1943-06-12) June 12, 1943 (age 75)
Mike Huckabee 1996–2007 (1955-08-24) August 24, 1955 (age 62)
Mike Beebe 2007-2015 (1946-12-28) December 28, 1946 (age 71)

NotesEdit

  1. The official numbering includes repeat governors and omits acting governors. Subsequent terms for repeat governors are marked with their original number italicized.
  2. The office of lieutenant governor was created in 1864 and abolished in 1874. It was recreated in 1914, and was not filled until 1926. The amendment to the state constitution creating the office was narrowly voted in by the electorate in 1914. The Speaker of the House declared that the measure had lost because it did not receive a majority of the highest vote total from that election. In 1925, it was discovered that a 1910 law amended this requirement such that only a majority of the votes on the specific question was required. Therefore, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid.[2]
  3. Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  4. The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  5. Resigned to run for the United States House of Representatives, winning the election.[3]
  6. As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  7. Resigned due to the low salary he received as governor.[4]
  8. As president of the senate, acted as governor until special election.[5]
  9. Elected in a special election to fill unexpired term.[6]
  10. The 1861 constitution was enacted during Rector's term; while term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1862, two years into his term.[7]
  11. 11.0 11.1 Harris Flanagin fled Little Rock as it fell to Union forces on September 10, 1863, leading a largely inept government in exile in Washington, Arkansas until 1865. Isaac Murphy was elected provisional governor by a loyalist government set up after Union control of the state was established, taking office on April 18, 1864, causing a slight overlap in terms, though due to the collapse of the Confederate effort in Arkansas, Flanagin had no authority over the state.[8]
  12. The 1864 constitution was enacted during Flanagin's term; however, it was drafted by the Union occupation, and had no effect on his government. While term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1864.[9]
  13. Resigned to take office as state secretary of state.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  15. Ozra Amander Hadley's first name is sometimes spelled "Ozro" in sources; it is unknown which is correct.[12]
  16. As president pro tempore of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term; the office of lieutenant governor at the time was vacant.[12]
  17. Removed from office for a short time due to the Brooks–Baxter War.[14]
  18. The 1874 constitution was enacted during Baxter's term, which shortened his tenure to two years as new elections were scheduled.
  19. Resigned after suffering a nervous breakdown soon after taking office.[15]
  20. As president of the senate, acted as governor until the legislature adjourned.[16]
  21. As the new president pro tempore of the senate, became acting governor until his senate term expired.[17]
  22. As the new president pro tempore of the senate, became acting governor for three days until the next elected governor took office.[18]
  23. As president of the senate, acted as governor for six days before a new president of the senate was elected.[19]
  24. As the new president of the senate, acted as governor until special election.[20]
  25. Elected in special election to fill unexpired term.[21]
  26. Resigned to be a judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas.[22]
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in his own right.
  28. 28.0 28.1 As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  29. Represented the Democratic Party.
  30. Resigned to be President of the United States.
  31. Gubernatorial terms changed from two years to four years during Clinton's term; he was elected for two-year terms in 1982 and 1984, and for four-year terms in 1986 and 1990.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Represented the Republican Party.
  33. Resigned after being convicted of mail fraud in the Whitewater scandal.[23]
  34. Died in office.
  35. Asa Hutchinson is the current Governor, he is not yet term-limited.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. "About The Office – Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas". Retrieved August 31, 2007. 
  3. "Arkansas Governor Archibald Yell". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 14, 2008. [dead link]
  4. "Arkansas Governor Thomas Stevenson Drew". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  5. "Arkansas Governor Richard C. Byrd". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  6. "Arkansas Governor John Selden Roane". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  7. 1861 Const. art. IV, § 8
  8. "Harris Flanagin (1817–1874)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved January 18, 2008. 
  9. 1864 Const. art. IV, § 8
  10. Herndon p. 287
  11. Herndon p. 293
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Ozro Amander Hadley (1826–1915)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved October 14, 2008. 
  13. Herndon p. 306
  14. "Arkansas Governor Elisha Baxter". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  15. "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  16. "Arkansas Governor John Isaac Moore". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  17. "Arkansas Governor Xenophon Overton Pindall". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  18. "John Sebastian Little (1851–1916)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved October 14, 2008. 
  19. "Arkansas Governor William Kavanaugh Oldham". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  20. "Arkansas Governor Junius Marion Futrell". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  21. "Arkansas Governor George Washington Hays". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  22. "Arkansas Governor John Ellis Martineau". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008. [dead link]
  23. R.H., Melton; Michael Haddigan (May 5, 1996). "Three Guilty in Arkansas Fraud Trial". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 14, 2008.