List of Governors of Arkansas
|Governor of Arkansas|
|Residence||Arkansas Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||James Sevier Conway|
|Formation||1836; Constitution of Arkansas|
|Succession||Every four years, unless re-elected.|
List of governorsEdit
|#[a]||Governor||Term start||Term end||Party||Lt. Governor[b][c]||Terms[d]|
|1||James Sevier Conway||September 13, 1836||November 4, 1840||Democratic||None||1|
|2||Archibald Yell||November 4, 1840||April 29, 1844||Democratic||1⁄2[e]|
|—||Samuel Adams||April 29, 1844||November 5, 1844||Democratic||1⁄2[f]|
|3||Thomas Stevenson Drew||November 5, 1844||January 10, 1849||Democratic||1[g]1⁄3|
|—||Richard C. Byrd||January 10, 1849||April 19, 1849||Democratic||1⁄3[h]|
|4||John Selden Roane||April 19, 1849||November 15, 1852||Democratic||1⁄3[i]|
|5||Elias Nelson Conway||November 15, 1852||November 16, 1860||Democratic||2|
|6||Henry Massey Rector||November 16, 1860||November 4, 1862||Democratic||1[j]|
|7||Harris Flanagin||November 4, 1862||May 26, 1865||Democratic||1[k][l]|
|8||Isaac Murphy||April 18, 1864||July 2, 1868||Republican||Calvin C. Bliss||1[k]|
|James M. Johnson|
|9||Powell Clayton||July 2, 1868||March 17, 1871||Republican||James M. Johnson[m]||1⁄2[n]|
|—||Ozra Amander Hadley[o]||March 17, 1871||January 6, 1873||Republican||Vacant||1⁄2[p]|
|10||Elisha Baxter||January 6, 1873||November 12, 1874||Republican||Volney V. Smith||1[q][r]|
|11||Augustus Hill Garland||November 12, 1874||January 11, 1877||Democratic||None||2|
|12||William Read Miller||January 11, 1877||January 11, 1881||Democratic||2|
|13||Thomas James Churchill||January 11, 1881||January 13, 1883||Democratic||1|
|14||James Henderson Berry||January 13, 1883||January 17, 1885||Democratic||1|
|15||Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr.||January 17, 1885||January 8, 1889||Democratic||2|
|16||James Philip Eagle||January 8, 1889||January 10, 1893||Democratic||2|
|17||William Meade Fishback||January 10, 1893||January 8, 1895||Democratic||1|
|18||James Paul Clarke||January 8, 1895||January 12, 1897||Democratic||1|
|19||Daniel Webster Jones||January 12, 1897||January 8, 1901||Democratic||2|
|20||Jeff Davis||January 8, 1901||January 8, 1907||Democratic||3|
|21||John Sebastian Little||January 8, 1907||February 15, 1907||Democratic||1⁄4[s]|
|—||John Isaac Moore||February 15, 1907||May 14, 1907||Democratic||1⁄4[t]|
|—||Xenophon Overton Pindall||May 14, 1907||January 11, 1909||Democratic||1⁄4[u]|
|—||Jesse M. Martin||January 11, 1909||January 14, 1909||Democratic||1⁄4[v]|
|22||George Washington Donaghey||January 14, 1909||January 16, 1913||Democratic||2|
|23||Joseph Taylor Robinson||January 16, 1913||March 8, 1913||Democratic||1⁄4[n]|
|—||William Kavanaugh Oldham||March 8, 1913||March 13, 1913||Democratic||1⁄4[w]|
|—||Junius Marion Futrell||March 13, 1913||July 23, 1913||Democratic||1⁄4[x]|
|24||George Washington Hays||July 23, 1913||January 10, 1917||Democratic||Vacant||1⁄4[y]|
|25||Charles Hillman Brough||January 10, 1917||January 11, 1921||Democratic||2|
|26||Thomas Chipman McRae||January 11, 1921||January 13, 1925||Democratic||2|
|27||Tom Jefferson Terral||January 13, 1925||January 11, 1927||Democratic||1|
|28||John Ellis Martineau||January 11, 1927||March 4, 1928||Democratic||Harvey Parnell||1⁄2[z]|
|29||Harvey Parnell||March 4, 1928||January 10, 1933||Democratic||William Lee Cazort||2[aa]1⁄2|
|Lawrence Elery Wilson|
|30||Junius Marion Futrell||January 10, 1933||January 12, 1937||Democratic||William Lee Cazort||2|
|31||Carl Edward Bailey||January 12, 1937||January 14, 1941||Democratic||Robert L. Bailey||2|
|32||Homer Martin Adkins||January 14, 1941||January 9, 1945||Democratic||Robert L. Bailey||2|
|James L. Shaver|
|33||Benjamin Travis Laney||January 9, 1945||January 11, 1949||Democratic||James L. Shaver||2|
|Nathan Green Gordon|
|34||Sid McMath||January 11, 1949||January 13, 1953||Democratic||Nathan Green Gordon||2|
|35||Francis Cherry||January 13, 1953||January 11, 1955||Democratic||Nathan Green Gordon||1|
|36||Orval Faubus||January 11, 1955||January 10, 1967||Democratic||Nathan Green Gordon||6|
|37||Winthrop Rockefeller||January 10, 1967||January 12, 1971||Republican||Maurice Britt||2|
|38||Dale Bumpers||January 12, 1971||January 3, 1975||Democratic||Bob C. Riley||1[n]1⁄2|
|—||Bob C. Riley||January 3, 1975||January 14, 1975||Democratic||1⁄2[ab]|
|39||David Pryor||January 14, 1975||January 3, 1979||Democratic||Joe Purcell||1[n]1⁄2|
|—||Joe Purcell||January 3, 1979||January 9, 1979||Democratic||1⁄2[ab]|
|40||Bill Clinton||January 9, 1979||January 19, 1981||Democratic||Joe Purcell||1|
|41||Frank D. White||January 19, 1981||January 11, 1983||Republican||Winston Bryant[ac]||1|
|42||Bill Clinton||January 11, 1983||December 12, 1992||Democratic||Winston Bryant||3[ad][ae]1⁄2|
|Jim Guy Tucker|
|43||Jim Guy Tucker||December 12, 1992||July 15, 1996||Democratic||Mike Huckabee[af]||1⁄2+1⁄2[aa][ag]|
|44||Mike Huckabee||July 15, 1996||January 9, 2007||Republican||Winthrop P. Rockefeller[ah]||2[aa]1⁄2|
|45||Mike Beebe||January 9, 2007||January 13, 2015||Democratic||Bill Halter||2|
|46||Asa Hutchinson||January 13, 2015||Incumbent||Republican||Tim Griffin||1[ai]|
Living former U.S. governors of ArkansasEdit
As of January 2016, there were five former U.S. governors of Arkansas who are still living. The oldest was David Pryor (1975-1979, born 1934). The most recent death of a former U.S. governor of Arkansas was that of Dale Bumpers (1971–1975), who died on January 1, 2016. The most recently serving governor to die was Frank D. White, who served from 1981 to 1983 and died on May 21, 2003.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth (and age)|
|David Pryor||1975–1979||August 29, 1934|
|August 19, 1946|
|Jim Guy Tucker||1992–1996||June 12, 1943|
|Mike Huckabee||1996–2007||August 24, 1955|
|Mike Beebe||2007-2015||December 28, 1946|
- The official numbering includes repeat governors and omits acting governors. Subsequent terms for repeat governors are marked with their original number italicized.
- The office of lieutenant governor was created in 1864 and abolished in 1874. It was recreated in 1914, and was not filled until 1926. The amendment to the state constitution creating the office was narrowly voted in by the electorate in 1914. The Speaker of the House declared that the measure had lost because it did not receive a majority of the highest vote total from that election. In 1925, it was discovered that a 1910 law amended this requirement such that only a majority of the votes on the specific question was required. Therefore, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid.
- Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
- The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
- Resigned to run for the United States House of Representatives, winning the election.
- As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
- Resigned due to the low salary he received as governor.
- As president of the senate, acted as governor until special election.
- Elected in a special election to fill unexpired term.
- The 1861 constitution was enacted during Rector's term; while term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1862, two years into his term.
- Harris Flanagin fled Little Rock as it fell to Union forces on September 10, 1863, leading a largely inept government in exile in Washington, Arkansas until 1865. Isaac Murphy was elected provisional governor by a loyalist government set up after Union control of the state was established, taking office on April 18, 1864, causing a slight overlap in terms, though due to the collapse of the Confederate effort in Arkansas, Flanagin had no authority over the state.
- The 1864 constitution was enacted during Flanagin's term; however, it was drafted by the Union occupation, and had no effect on his government. While term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1864.
- Resigned to take office as state secretary of state.
- Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
- Ozra Amander Hadley's first name is sometimes spelled "Ozro" in sources; it is unknown which is correct.
- As president pro tempore of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term; the office of lieutenant governor at the time was vacant.
- Removed from office for a short time due to the Brooks–Baxter War.
- The 1874 constitution was enacted during Baxter's term, which shortened his tenure to two years as new elections were scheduled.
- Resigned after suffering a nervous breakdown soon after taking office.
- As president of the senate, acted as governor until the legislature adjourned.
- As the new president pro tempore of the senate, became acting governor until his senate term expired.
- As the new president pro tempore of the senate, became acting governor for three days until the next elected governor took office.
- As president of the senate, acted as governor for six days before a new president of the senate was elected.
- As the new president of the senate, acted as governor until special election.
- Elected in special election to fill unexpired term.
- Resigned to be a judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas.
- As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in his own right.
- As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
- Represented the Democratic Party.
- Resigned to be President of the United States.
- Gubernatorial terms changed from two years to four years during Clinton's term; he was elected for two-year terms in 1982 and 1984, and for four-year terms in 1986 and 1990.
- Represented the Republican Party.
- Resigned after being convicted of mail fraud in the Whitewater scandal.
- Died in office.
- Asa Hutchinson is the current Governor, he is not yet term-limited.
- "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "About The Office – Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas". Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- "Arkansas Governor Archibald Yell". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor Thomas Stevenson Drew". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor Richard C. Byrd". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor John Selden Roane". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- 1861 Const. art. IV, § 8
- "Harris Flanagin (1817–1874)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved January 18, 2008.
- 1864 Const. art. IV, § 8
- Herndon p. 287
- Herndon p. 293
- "Ozro Amander Hadley (1826–1915)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- Herndon p. 306
- "Arkansas Governor Elisha Baxter". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor John Isaac Moore". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor Xenophon Overton Pindall". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "John Sebastian Little (1851–1916)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
- "Arkansas Governor William Kavanaugh Oldham". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor Junius Marion Futrell". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor George Washington Hays". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- "Arkansas Governor John Ellis Martineau". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2008.[dead link]
- R.H., Melton; Michael Haddigan (May 5, 1996). "Three Guilty in Arkansas Fraud Trial". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 14, 2008.