state of the United States of America

Maryland is a state in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. Its capital is Annapolis, and its most populous city is Baltimore.

State of Maryland
"Old Line State", "Free State", "Little America",[1] "America in Miniature"[2]
  • "Fatti maschii, parole femine"
    (English: "Strong Deeds, Gentle Words")[3]
  • The Latin text encircling the seal:
    Scuto bonæ voluntatis tuæ coronasti nos ("With Favor Wilt Thou Compass Us as with a Shield") Psalm 5:12[4]
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Maryland
Admitted to the UnionApril 28, 1788 (7th)
Largest cityBaltimore
Largest county or equivalentMontgomery
Largest metro and urban areas
 • GovernorWes Moore (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorAruna Miller (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates
JudiciarySupreme Court of Maryland
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
 • Total12,407 sq mi (32,133 km2)
 • Land9,776 sq mi (25,314 km2)
 • Water2,633 sq mi (6,819 km2)  21%
 • Rank42nd
 • Length250 mi (400 km)
 • Width100 mi (200 km)
350 ft (110 m)
Highest elevation3,360 ft (1,024 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total6,177,224
 • Rank18th
 • Density632/sq mi (244/km2)
  • Rank5th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageNone (English, de facto)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MD
Traditional abbreviationMd.
Latitude37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
Longitude75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Maryland state symbols
Living insignia
BirdBaltimore oriole
ButterflyBaltimore checkerspot butterfly
CrustaceanBlue crab
FishRock fish
FlowerBlack-eyed Susan
InsectBaltimore checkerspot
MammalCalico cat
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Thoroughbred horse
ReptileDiamondback terrapin
TreeWhite oak
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
DinosaurAstrodon johnstoni
FoodBlue crab
Smith Island Cake
FossilEcphora gardnerae gardnerae
GemstonePatuxent River stone
Poem"Maryland, My Maryland" by James Ryder Randall (1861, adopted 1939)
SloganMaryland of Opportunity
State route marker
Maryland state route marker
State quarter
Maryland quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

The governor of Maryland is Wes Moore. He was elected in the 2022 election. Moore is the first Black governor of Maryland and the third Black governor in United States history.

The state bird is the Baltimore Oriole. The state flower is the Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). The state reptile is the diamondback terrapin. The state crustacean is the blue crab. The state motto is Fatti maschii, parole femine, which is Italian for "Manly deeds, womanly words". Maryland is the only state with a motto in Italian.

Maryland has many places important to the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. One of these places is Fort McHenry, which defended against the British Empire during the War of 1812. Another place is the Antietam National Battlefield, where the Battle of Antietam took place in 1862 during the American Civil War.

Silver Spring, Bethesda, Gaithersburg, Rockville, Frederick, Hagerstown, Cumberland, Salisbury, Greenbelt are other cities.

Maryland was founded by English Catholic settlers who wanted a place where they could freely practice Catholicism. It was the seventh state to join the US. Maryland is known as the "Old Line State," named after the Maryland Line, a regiment that fought in the American Revolution. Maryland surrounds most of the Chesapeake Bay, and the state is known for its Crabs and Crab Cakes.

Baltimore, the largest city in Maryland, is a major city that is home to the National Aquarium, Fort McHenry, and the Camden Yards baseball park. Annapolis is very famous for being the home of the United States Naval Academy, one of the flagship service academies in the United States.

Maryland was home to several different Indian tribes when English settlers arrived in the seventeenth century. The Algonquian-speaking Indians of the Chesapeake Bay and coastal areas included the Nanticoke, Piscataway, Assateagues and Pocomoke Indians. Iroquois-speaking groups such as the Susquehannocks lived in the Piedmont and mountains.



  1. "Maryland's quality of life ranks high compared to other states". The Daily Record. July 1, 2021. Retrieved September 30, 2023.
  2. "Maryland Facts". Maryland Office of Tourism. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 2, 2009.
  3. "Senate Bill 88" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2017.
  4. "Great Seal of Maryland (reverse)". Maryland State Archives. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  6. "QuickFacts: Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2022.

Other websites

Preceded by
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on April 28, 1788 (7th)
Succeeded by
South Carolina

39°00′N 76°42′W / 39°N 76.7°W / 39; -76.7