Maryland

state of the United States of America

Maryland is a state in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It is on the south east of the East Coast. Its capital is Annapolis, and its biggest city is Baltimore.

Maryland
State of Maryland
Nickname(s): 
"Old Line State", "Free State", "Little America",[1] "America in Miniature"[2]
Motto(s): 
"Fatti maschii, parole femine"
(English: "Strong Deeds, Gentle Words")[3] The Latin text encircling the seal:
Scuto bonæ voluntatis tuæ coronasti nos ("With Favor Wilt Thou Compass Us as with a Shield") Psalm 5:12[4]
Anthem: "Maryland, My Maryland"
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Maryland
Admitted to the UnionApril 28, 1788[5] (7th[5])
CapitalAnnapolis
Largest cityBaltimore
Largest metroBaltimore-Washington Metro Area
Government
 • GovernorLarry Hogan (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorBoyd Rutherford (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly of Maryland
 • Upper houseSenate of Maryland
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates of Maryland
U.S. senatorsBen Cardin (D)
Chris Van Hollen (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
1 Republican (list)
Area
 • Total12,407 sq mi (32,133 km2)
 • Land9,776 sq mi (25,314 km2)
 • Water2,633 sq mi (6,819 km2)  21%
Area rank42nd
Dimensions
 • Length119 mi (192 km)
 • Width196 mi (315 km)
Elevation
350 ft (110 m)
Highest elevation3,360 ft (1,024 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total6,045,680
 • Rank19th
 • Density619/sq mi (238/km2)
 • Density rank5th
 • Median household income
$80,776 (2,017)[8]
 • Income rank
2nd
Demonym(s)Marylander
Language
 • Official languageNone (English, de facto)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
MD
ISO 3166 codeUS-MD
Trad. abbreviationMd.
Latitude37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
Longitude75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Websitewww.maryland.gov
Maryland state symbols
Flag of Maryland.svg
Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg
Living insignia
BirdBaltimore oriole
ButterflyBaltimore checkerspot butterfly
CrustaceanBlue crab
FishRock fish
FlowerBlack-eyed Susan
InsectBaltimore checkerspot
MammalCalico cat
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Thoroughbred horse
ReptileDiamondback terrapin
TreeWhite oak
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
DanceSquare dance
DinosaurAstrodon johnstoni
FoodBlue crab
Smith Island Cake
FossilEcphora gardnerae gardnerae
GemstonePatuxent River stone
MineralAgate
Poem"Maryland, My Maryland" by James Ryder Randall (1861, adopted 1939)
SloganMaryland of Opportunity
SportJousting
Lacrosse
State route marker
Maryland state route marker
State quarter
Maryland quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

The governor of Maryland is Larry Hogan. He was elected in the 2014 election. Hogan was re-elected during the 2018 election.

The state bird is the Baltimore Oriole. The state flower is the Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). The state reptile is the diamondback terrapin. The state crustacean is the blue crab. The state motto is Fatti maschii, parole femine, which is Italian for "Manly deeds, womanly words". Maryland is the only state with a motto in Italian.

Maryland has many places important to the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. One of these places is Fort McHenry, which defended against the British Empire during the War of 1812. Another place is the Antietam National Battlefield, where the Battle of Antietam took place in 1862 during the American Civil War.

Silver Spring, Bethesda, Gaithersburg, Rockville, Frederick, Hagerstown, Cumberland, Salisbury, Greenbelt are other cities.

Founded by English Catholic settlers who wanted a place where they could freely practice Catholicism, Maryland was the seventh state to join the US. Maryland is known as the "Old Line State," named after the Maryland Line, a regiment that fought in the American Revolution. Maryland surrounds most of the Chesapeake Bay, and the state is known for its Crabs and Crab Cakes.

Baltimore, the largest city in Maryland, is a major city that is home to the National Aquarium, Fort McHenry, and the Camden Yards baseball park. Annapolis is very famous for being the home of the United States Naval Academy, one of the flagship service academies in the United States.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Maryland's quality of life ranks high compared to other states". FindArticles.com. The Daily Record (Baltimore). December 11, 2004. Retrieved June 4, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  2. "Maryland Facts". Maryland Office of Tourism. Retrieved June 2, 2009.
  3. "Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original on September 29, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. "Great Seal of Maryland (reverse)". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Marsh 2011, p. 4.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  7. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved April 8, 2019.

Other websitesEdit

Preceded by
Massachusetts
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on April 28, 1788 (7th)
Succeeded by
South Carolina

Coordinates: 39°00′N 76°42′W / 39°N 76.7°W / 39; -76.7