United States Naval Academy

U.S. Navy federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland

The United States Naval Academy (also known as USNA, Annapolis, or Navy) is a four-year coeducational federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland. Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft began it in 1845. It is the second-oldest of the United States' five service academies. It educates officers mostly to join the United States Navy and Marine Corps. The 338-acre (137 ha) campus is on the former grounds of Fort Severn where the Severn River flows into Chesapeake Bay. It is about 33 miles (53 km) east of Washington, D.C. and 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Baltimore, Maryland. The entire campus is a National Historic Landmark. The campus has many historic sites, buildings, and monuments. One monument is the Herndon Monument, once a year the upper three classes add grease and challenge the freshmen to reach the tip (usually unsuccessfully).

United States Naval Academy
MottoLatin: Ex Scientia Tridens
Motto in English
From Knowledge, Seapower
TypeU.S. service academy
Established10 October 1845 (1845-10-10)
Academic affiliations
SuperintendentVADM Walter E. Carter Jr.
USNA Class of 1981
DeanAndrew T. Phillips
Commandant of MidshipmenCAPT Robert B. Chadwick II
USNA Class of 1991
Academic staff
Students4,576 midshipmen
Location, ,
United States
CampusUrban – 338 acres (136.8 ha)
ColorsNavy blue   and gold  
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IPatriot League
American Athletic Conference
MascotBill the Goat
U.S. Naval Academy
United States Naval Academy is located in Maryland
United States Naval Academy
United States Naval Academy is located in the United States
United States Naval Academy
LocationMaryland Ave. and Hanover St., Annapolis, Maryland
Built1845 (1845)
ArchitectErnest Flagg
EngineerSeverud Associates
Architectural styleBeaux Arts[2]
NRHP reference No.66000386[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP15 October 1966
Designated NHLD4 July 1961[3]

Candidates for admission generally must both apply directly to the academy and receive a nomination, usually from a congressman. The candidates lacking in academics can potentially receive a nomination to the Naval Academy Preparatory School located in Newport, Rhode Island. Students are officers-in-training and are called "Midshipmen". The Navy pays for the Midshipmen's college expenses in exchange for the students serving in the military upon graduation. About 1,300 "plebes" enter the Academy each summer for the orientation program, this class consists of not only high school students but also enlisted Sailors and Marines. Only about 1,000 Midshipmen graduate after the four years. Graduates are usually commissioned as Ensigns in the Navy or Second Lieutenants in the Marine Corps, and occasionally as officers in the US Air Force, US Army, and U.S. Coast Guard. The academic program grants a bachelor of science degree. Midshipmen get grades on a broad academic program, military leadership performance, and mandatory participation in competitive athletics. Midshipmen are required to adhere to the Academy's Honor Concept.

On 3 June 1949 Wesley A. Brown became the first African-American to graduate. On 8 August 1975, Congress authorized women to attend service academies. The class of 1980 was inducted with 81 women midshipmen.

Sports change

Annapolis has a very broad sports program. All students must play at least one sport each semester, either at intramural (within the school) or intercollegiate (against other schools) level.

The intercollegiate sports teams are known as the Navy Midshipmen. Most of the Academy's teams play in the Patriot League. The football team plays at the top level, known as Division I FBS, in the American Athletic Conference.

References change

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  2. Marilynn Larew (28 July 1977). "National Historic Register of Historic Places Nomination Form". National Park Service. and Accompanying photos
  3. "United States Naval Academy". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2014-07-16.

Bibliography change

  • "A Brief History of the United States Naval Academy". usna.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  • Beach, Captain Edward L (1986). The United States Navy. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-03-044711-9.
  • Conrad, James Lee (2003). Rebel Reefers: The Organization and Midshipmen of the Confederate States Naval Academy. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81237-1.
  • Forney, Todd A (2004). The Midshipman Culture and Educational Reform: The U.S. Naval Academy, 1946–76. Associated U. Press. ISBN 0874138647.
  • Gelfand, H. Michael. Sea Change at Annapolis: The United States Naval Academy, 1949–2000 U of North Carolina Press, 2006
  • Hunter, Mark C. A Society of Gentlemen: Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy, 1845–1861. Naval Institute Press, 2010. 264 pp.
  • Karsten, Peter. The Naval Aristocracy: The Golden Age of Annapolis and the Emergence of Modern American Navalism. Free Press, 1972. 462 pp.
  • Leeman, William P. The Long Road to Annapolis: The Founding of the Naval Academy and the Emerging American Republic (University of North Carolina Press; 2010) 292 pages
  • Ross MacKenzie. Brief Points: An Almanac for Parents and Friends of U.S. Naval Academy Midshipmen (2004)
  • Scharf, J. Thomas. History of the Confederate States Navy: From its Organization to the Surrender of its Last Vessel. New York: Rogers and Sherwood, 1887; repr. The Fairfax Press, 1977.
  • Todorich, Charles. The Spirited Years: A History of the Antebellum Naval Academy. Naval Institute Press, 1982. 215 pp.

Other websites change

38°59′04″N 76°29′20″W / 38.98443°N 76.48888°W / 38.98443; -76.48888