New France

area colonized by France in North America

New France was a colony settled by France in North America. The regions in New France included Quebec, Acadia, and the Louisiana Territory. Quebec City was its capital. The French settled there after finding Quebec and in doing so created New France. The colony was most valuable for its fur trade. France lost the colony during the French and Indian War and it became part of British North America, except the western part of the Louisiana Territory which France had ceded in 1762 to the Spanish Empire. In 1800 Spain returned that territory to Napoleon, who sold it to the United States in 1803.

New France
Flag of New France
Royal Coat of arms of New France
Royal Coat of arms
Motto: Montjoie Saint Denis!
"Mountjoy Saint Denis!"
Anthem: Marche Henri IV
"March of Henry IV"
New France in 1750 (blue)
New France in 1750 (blue)
StatusColony of France
Common languagesFrench
Roman Catholic
• 1534–1547
Francis I (first)
• 1715–1763
Louis XV (last)
• 1534–1541
Jacques Cartier (first)
• 1755–1760
Pierre de Rigaud (last)
LegislatureSovereign Council
Historical eraColonial Era
24 July 1534
3 July 1608
11 April 1713
18 September 1759
8 September 1760
10 February 1763
CurrencyNew France livre
Succeeded by
Province of Quebec
Nova Scotia
Today part of Canada
 United States
 France (as French Overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon)