Donald Trump

45th President of the United States from 2017 to 2021

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American businessman, media personality, and politician. He was the 45th president of the United States from 2017 to 2021. Trump was also the chairman of The Trump Organization from 1971 to 2017.

Donald Trump
Official portrait, 2017
45th President of the United States
In office
January 20, 2017 – January 20, 2021
Vice PresidentMike Pence
Preceded byBarack Obama
Succeeded byJoe Biden
Personal details
Donald John Trump

(1946-06-14) June 14, 1946 (age 78)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (1987–1999, 2009–2011, 2012–present)
Other political
Height1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)
(m. 1977; div. 1992)
(m. 1993; div. 1999)
(m. 2022)
RelativesTrump family
Alma materWharton School (BS Econ.)
  • politician
  • businessman
  • television presenter
AwardsList of honors and awards
SignatureDonald J. Trump stylized autograph, in ink

Donald Trump speaks on declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization
Recorded March 11, 2020

Much of his money was made in real estate in New York City, Las Vegas, and Atlantic City.[1] He used to own the Miss Universe pageant.[2] He was the star in his own reality show The Apprentice.[3] In October 2019, Trump changed the state he officially lived in from New York to Florida.[4]

In June 2015, Trump said that he would run for president of the United States in the 2016 presidential election. Starting mid-July, polls showed that Trump was the front-runner for the Republican Party, ahead of Ted Cruz. This was true even after much criticism from his party because of what he said about illegal immigration, Muslims, and ISIS. His campaign was supported by mostly middle-class and rural working class families. It gained opposition from Democrats, some Republicans, businesspeople, some world leaders and the pope.[5]

On May 4, 2016, Trump became the expected Republican Party nominee for president.[6][7] Trump then was in the general election against Democrat Hillary Clinton, the former U.S. secretary of State. He won this election on November 9, 2016. Each of them needed 270 electoral votes to win.[8] Trump had 304 while Clinton had 227.[9] He was inaugurated as the 45th president on January 20, 2017, at 70 years old.

On September 24, 2019, speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi said that the House of Representatives would start an impeachment inquiry into Trump. On October 31, 2019, the House voted 232–196 to start the impeachment process.[10] On December 16, the House Judiciary Committee released a report saying that criminal bribery and wire fraud was the reason to charge Trump with abuse of power.[11] The house voted to impeach Trump in December 2019, making him the third president in American history to be impeached.[12] He was acquitted by the Senate in February 2020.[13]

In November 2020, Trump lost his re-election to former vice president Joe Biden after the 2020 election. He became the first president since George H. W. Bush in 1992 to lose his re-election. However, he refused to agree with the result and said he won the election by a "big amount".[14][non-primary source needed][15][non-primary source needed] He also sued states where Biden won.[16][17] In January 2021, Trump controversially made a telephone call with Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger. In the call, he was reported to have tried to change the election results.[18] A few days later, his supporters rioted at the United States Capitol, which killed five people. However, Republicans have claimed many things, including that it was staged by Antifa. This caused the United States House of Representatives to impeach Trump again.[19] This made Trump the only president to be impeached twice.[20] The United States Senate voted to acquit him of all charges.[21] Scholars and historians have often ranked Trump as one of the worst presidents in American history.[22]

In November 2022, Trump announced another presidential campaign for the 2024 presidential election. In March 2023, a Manhattan grand jury indicted Trump, making him the first former president in U.S. history to face criminal charges. In August 2023, Trump was indicted a second time for his attempts to overturn the results of the 2020 election.

In 2024, he was found liable of sexual assault in a court of law and is a convicted felon, he is the first former U.S. president to be convicted of a felony after leaving office.[23] In July 2024, he survived an assassination attempt in Pennsylvania during a campaign rally.

Early life

Donald John Trump was born at Jamaica Hospital Medical Center in Queens, New York City.[24] He is the son of Fred Trump and his wife Mary Anne (née MacLeod). They married in 1936. His mother was born on the Isle of Lewis, off the west coast of Scotland.[25] Donald was one of five children.[26] Donald's oldest brother, Fred Jr., died in 1981 at the age of 43, due to an alcohol addiction.[27] Trump's sister, Maryanne, is a judge in New York. Trump's father's parents were German immigrants.[28] His grandfather, Frederick Trump, immigrated to the United States in 1885. He became a naturalized American citizen in 1892. Frederick married Elisabeth Christ (October 10, 1880 – June 6, 1966)[29] at Kallstadt, State of Bavaria, Germany, on August 26, 1902. They had three children. He studied at Fordham University until transferring to the University of Pennsylvania. Trump was not drafted during the Vietnam War.[30] This was due to four college deferments and one medical deferment. In an interview with The New York Times, he said his medical deferment was because of heel spurs.[31][32]


Hotel developments

Trump shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan at the White House, 1987

Trump began his career at his father's real estate company,[33] Elizabeth Trump & Son.[34] He later renamed the company The Trump Organization, which has its headquarters at 40 Wall Street. The company focused on middle-class rental housing in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. One of Trump's first projects, while he was still in college, was the revitalization of the foreclosed Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio. His father had purchased it for $5.7 million in 1962. Trump became closely involved in the project. With a $500,000 investment, he turned the 1200-unit complex with a 66 percent vacancy rate to 100 percent occupancy within two years. In 1972, the Trump Organization sold Swifton Village for $6 million.[35][36] Trump has developed many real estate projects. They include Trump International Hotel and Tower in Honolulu, Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago, Trump International Hotel and Tower in Toronto, and Trump Tower in Tampa. In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, one Trump construction project was put on hold in favor of another (Trump International Hotel and Tower in Fort Lauderdale). Trump Towers in Atlanta was being developed in the housing market, however the project fell after the 2008 recession and instead buildings that didn't belong to Trump were built.[37][38] In its October 7, 2007 Forbes 400 issue, "Acreage Aces", Forbes valued Trump's wealth at $3 billion.[39] Since 2011, his net worth has been estimated from $2 billion to $7 billion. Forbes estimated his net worth at $3.1 billion in 2019.[40][41]

Beauty pageants

From 1996 until 2015,[42] Trump owned part or all of the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA beauty pageants.

Wrestling support

Trump in New York City, 2008

Trump is a WWE (World Wrestling Entertainment) fan, and a friend of WWE owner Vince McMahon. In 1988–89 he hosted WrestleMania IV and V at Boardwalk Hall (dubbed "Trump Plaza" for storyline purposes) and has been an active participant in several of the shows.[43] Trump was inducted into the celebrity wing of the WWE Hall of Fame in 2013 at Madison Square Garden for his contributions to the promotion. He made his sixth WrestleMania appearance the next night.[44]

The Apprentice

In 2003, Trump became the executive producer and host of the NBC reality show The Apprentice, in which a group of competitors battled for a high-level management job in one of Trump's commercial enterprises. In 2004, Trump filed a trademark application for the catchphrase "You're fired!"[45]

For the first year of the show, Trump earned $50,000 per episode (roughly $700,000 for the first season), but following the show's initial success, he was paid $1 million per episode.[46] In a July 2015 press release, Trump's campaign manager said that NBCUniversal had paid him $213,606,575 for his 14 seasons hosting the show.

On February 16, 2015, NBC announced that they would be renewing The Apprentice for a 15th season.[47] On February 27, Trump stated that he was "not ready" to sign on for another season because of the possibility of a presidential run.[48] On June 29, after a widespread negative reaction stemming from Trump's campaign announcement speech, NBC released a statement saying, "Due to the recent derogatory statements by Donald Trump regarding immigrants, NBCUniversal is ending its business relationship with Mr. Trump."[49] Trump was replaced by former Governor of California and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Political activity before 2015

Trump switched between political parties a number of times. He registered as a Republican in 1987,[50] a member of the Independence Party in 1999,[51] a Democrat in 2001, a Republican in 2009, with no political party in 2011, and a Republican in 2012.[50]

In 2011, Trump said that President Barack Obama was born in Kenya; Obama was actually born in Hawaii. If Obama had been born in Kenya, he would not have been allowed to run for president. Trump repeatedly said that Obama was lying about where he was born, an idea called "Birtherism". Even after Obama shared his birth certificate with the public, Trump suggested that it could be fake.[52]

2016 presidential campaign

Trump campaigning in Fountain Hills, Arizona, March 2016


Trump made a formal announcement of his candidacy for president of the United States for the 2016 elections on June 16, 2015. He made the announcement at 11am EST from his headquarters in Trump Tower in New York City.[53][54] Trump launched his campaign saying, "We are going to make our Country Great Again" with a commitment to become the "greatest jobs president."[54] Trump's official campaign slogan was "Make America Great Again." That was first used by Alexander Wiley, but Donald Trump trademarked it.[55]

On May 4, 2016, Trump became the presumptive nominee after his only challengers, Texas United States senator Ted Cruz and Governor of Ohio John Kasich, dropped out.

Border security and illegal immigration remarks

During his announcement speech he stated in part, "When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. They're sending people that have lots of problems, and they're bringing those problems with us. They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people." On July 6, 2015, Trump issued a written statement to clarify his position on illegal immigration, which drew a reaction from critics.[56]


Trump has described his political leanings and positions in many ways over time.[57][58][59] Politico has called his positions as "eclectic, improvisational and often contradictory".[59] He has listed several different party affiliations over the years,[59] and has also run as a Reform Party candidate.[60] The positions that he has revised or reversed include stances on progressive taxation, abortion, and government involvement in health care.[59] He has supported Christian groups in the U.S., claiming that he will reverse unfavorable tax treatments preventing them from expressing themselves in the political arena and promising to revive a more widespread use of the phrase "Merry Christmas" instead of "Happy Holidays" in department stores. Other issues he highlighted include taking care of military veterans, making the military "strong", aggressive bombing of the Mideast terrorist group ISIS, surveillance of certain mosques in the U.S., and making trade agreements more favorable to American workers.[61][62][63]


During the primaries, Trump (dark blue) won 40 contests.

Trump entered a large field of candidates consisting of 16 other Republican candidates campaigning for the nomination, the largest presidential field in American history.[64] By early 2016, the race had mostly centered on Donald Trump and U.S. Senator Ted Cruz.[65] On Super Tuesday, Trump won the majority of the delegates and remained the front-runner throughout the primaries.

Finishing in June 2016 with nearly 14 million votes, Trump broke the all-time record for winning the most primary votes in the history of the Republican Party.[69][70]

General campaign and election

Trump became the first Republican since Ronald Reagan in the 1980s to win the states of Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Wisconsin.

After becoming the presumptive Republican nominee, Trump's focus shifted to the general election, urging remaining primary voters to "save [their] vote for the general election."[71] Trump began targeting Hillary Clinton, who became the presumptive Democratic nominee on June 6, 2016 after beating Bernie Sanders in the Democratic primaries, and continued to campaign across the country. Clinton had established a significant lead in national polls over Trump throughout most of 2016. In early July, Clinton's lead narrowed in national polling averages following the FBI's conclusion of its investigation into her ongoing email controversy.[72]

Campaign logo with Make America Great Again slogan

On September 26, 2016, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton faced off in the first presidential debate at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York. Lester Holt, an anchor with NBC News, was the moderator.[73] This was the most watched presidential debate in United States history.[74] On November 8, 2016, Trump won the presidency with 306 electoral votes to Clinton's 232 votes,[75][76] even though Trump won a smaller part of the popular vote than Clinton.[77] He is the fourth person to become president without winning the popular vote.[77][78] The final popular vote difference between Clinton and Trump is that Clinton finished ahead by 2.86 million or 2.1 percentage points, 48.04% to 45.95%, with neither candidate reaching a majority.[79] Trump's victory was considered a big political upset, as nearly all national polls at the time showed Hillary Clinton with a modest lead over Trump, and state polls showed her with a modest lead to win the Electoral College.[80] In the early hours of November 9, 2016, Trump received a phone call in which Clinton conceded the presidency to him. Trump then delivered his victory speech before hundreds of supporters in the Hilton Hotel in New York City.[81]

Trump's presidential transition team was led by Chris Christie until November 11, 2016, when Vice President-elect Mike Pence took over.[82]

Presidency, 2017–2021


President Trump taking the oath of office

On January 20, 2017, Trump was sworn in by Chief Justice John G. Roberts as President of the United States at his inauguration ceremony at the United States Capitol Building. Within his first hour as president, he signed several executive orders, including an order to minimize "the economic burden" of the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.[83][84]

On the Saturday following Trump's inauguration there were massive demonstrations protesting Trump in the United States and worldwide, including the 2017 Women's March.

Trump and Vice President Mike Pence talking with Secretary John F. Kelly about immigration, January 2017

Cabinet and staff

Trump Cabinet meeting

The following people were part of Donald Trump's cabinet. They are the most senior officers of the executive branch.

The following people held other important jobs in the executive branch. They are also selected by the president.

First days

On January 23, 2017 Trump signed the executive order withdrawing the United States[85][86] from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a trade agreement between the United States and eleven Pacific Rim nations—Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam that would have created a "free-trade zone for about 40 percent of the world's economy."[87] Two days later, he ordered the construction of the Mexico border wall. He reopened the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipeline construction projects.[88]

President Trump receiving a flight jacket from NASA at the White House, March 2017

On January 27, an order suspended admission of refugees for 120 days and denied entry to citizens of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen for 90 days, citing security concerns about terrorism. Later, the administration seemed to reverse a portion of part of the order, effectively exempting visitors with a green card.[89][90] Several federal judges issued rulings that curtailed parts of the immigration order, stopping the federal government from deporting visitors already affected.

On January 30, 2017, Trump fired Acting Attorney General Sally Yates because of her criticisms of Trump's immigration suspension. On January 31, 2017, Trump nominated Judge Neil Gorsuch to the United States Supreme Court to replace the late Justice Antonin Scalia.

Allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 election

Trump claimed there was no collusion and no obstruction and on May 9, 2017, Trump fired FBI Director James Comey after he reportedly asked for more information and funding for the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. The White House stated that this was not true, and that Trump fired Comey in order to end the investigation. After The Wall Street Journal reported that Trump's National Security Advisor Michael T. Flynn was under investigation by U.S. counterintelligence agents for his communications with Russian officials,[91] Flynn resigned on February 13, 2017.[92] Two days later on February 15, Trump's Secretary of Labor-nominee Andrew Puzder withdrew his nomination due to not having support from Democrats or Republicans to confirm his nomination.[93]

President Trump writes a letter to a soldier during the 2017 White House Easter Egg Roll, 2017.

As of March 2018, Trump is reportedly a "subject" of the Robert Mueller investigation into the Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, meaning his conduct is being looked at, but not a "target" which would indicate the likelihood of criminal charges.[94]

Military actions

On April 7, 2017, Trump ordered the launch of 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles from the Mediterranean Sea into Syria, aimed at Shayrat Airbase as a reaction to the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack.[95]

Trump and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at the United Nations General Assembly


Trump joined on stage by medical professionals and invited guests, displays his signature on an Executive Order protecting insurance for people with pre-existing medical conditions, September 2020

On May 4, 2017, the American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA) was passed narrowly to replace and repeal Obamacare by the United States House of Representatives with a vote of 217 to 213, sending the bill to the Senate for voting.[96] This is the second time the AHCA was voted in the House as the first version was not approved by the House in March 2017.[97][98]

Paris Agreement withdrawal

On June 1, 2017, he announced that the United States would withdraw from the Paris Climate agreement, making the United States one of only three nations, including Syria and Nicaragua, to do so.[99] On June 16, 2017, President Trump announced that he was "cancelling" the Obama administrations deals with Cuba, while also expressing that a new deal could be negotiated between the Cuban and United States governments.[100][101]

President Trump's remarks on the events regarding the 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, August 2017

First actions to impeach

On July 12, 2017, California Representative Brad Sherman formally introduced an article of impeachment, H. Res. 438,[102] accusing the president of obstructing justice regarding the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.[103]

LGBT rights

On July 26, 2017, Trump tweeted that the "United States Government will not accept or allow transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military. Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail."[104] Trump cited the alleged "disruption" and "tremendous medical costs" of having transgender service members.[104]

Trump speaking at a September 11 memorial ceremony at The Pentagon

Unite the Right rally

Between August 11 and 12, 2017, there was a violent white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia regarding the removal of Confederate statues.[105] Trump did not speak out against white nationalists explicitly, instead condemning "hatred, bigotry, and violence on many sides" leading people to think he did not take a harsh approach on racism.[106]

North Korea

In late August, Trump dramatically increased tensions against North Korea, warning that more threats against the U.S. will be responded to with "fire and fury like the world has never seen."[107] North Korean leader Kim Jong-un then threatened to direct the country's next missile test toward Guam. Trump responded in his war-related service that if North Korea took steps to attack Guam, "things [would] happen to them like they never thought possible."[108]

In March 2018, Trump fired United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and replaced him with Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Mike Pompeo.[109] Later that month, the White House confirmed that President Trump would accept a meeting invitation from Kim Jong-un. Press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said that "in the meantime, all sanctions and maximum pressure must remain."[110]

In May 2018, Trump announced on Twitter[111][non-primary source needed] that he will meet with North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un on June 12, 2018, in Singapore for peace talks.[112]


In September 2017, Trump controversially oversaw the rescinding of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or "DACA" which removed protections for children immigrants and removed benefits.[113] The decision was announced by Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Two injunctions in January and February 2018 allowed renewals of applications and stopped the rolling back of DACA, and in April 2018 a federal judge ordered the acceptance of new applications; this would go into effect in 90 days.[114]

Trump with Vice President Mike Pence signing a NASA funding bill, December 2017

Hurricane Maria

On October 3, Trump visited Puerto Rico after it was damaged by Hurricane Maria and the next day visited Las Vegas to visit the victims from the Las Vegas shooting.[115][116][117]

Trump at his first State of the Union address, January 2018


Trump attends a G7 Working Session

In December 2017, Trump signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which cut the corporate tax rate to 21%, lowered personal tax brackets, increased child tax credit, doubled the estate tax threshold to $11.2 million, and limited the state and local tax deduction to $10,000.[118]

In February 2018, Trump praised the bill for increasing pay for millions, after announcements of bonuses from many companies. These bonuses have been criticized by the bill's opponents as publicity stunts,[119] and economists have said many of them would have happened anyway due to low unemployment.[120][121]

First impeachment

On December 18, 2019, the House of Representatives voted to have Trump impeached for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.[122] On February 5, 2020, the Senate found Trump not guilty of all charges.[123]

2020 re-election bid

Donald Trump announced the 2020 re-election campaign in Orlando, Florida, 18 June 2019

Trump announced his plans to run for a second term by filing with the FEC within a few hours of assuming the presidency.[124] This transformed his 2016 election committee into a 2020 reelection one.[125] Trump marked the official start of the campaign with a rally in Melbourne, Florida, on February 18, 2017, less than a month after taking office.[126]

By January 2018, Trump's re-election committee had $22 million in hand,[127] and it had raised a total amount exceeding $67 million by December 2018.[128] $23 million was spent in the fourth quarter of 2018, as Trump supported various Republican candidates for the 2018 midterm elections.[129] He made an official re-election campaign launch on June 18, 2019 in Orlando, Florida.[130]

In the 2020 primaries, Trump faced primary challenges from former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld and former U.S. Representatives Joe Walsh.[131][132] Former South Carolina Governor and former U.S. Representative Mark Sanford also campaigned against him but withdrew from the race.[133]

Trump lost re-election and refused to concede.

Defeat and attempts to overturn results

On November 7, Trump was defeated by former Vice President Joe Biden after Trump lost Pennsylvania and Nevada. Trump claimed voter fraud through the mail-in voting and threatened to use the United States Supreme Court to stop the states from counting the vote. He had unsuccessfully sued many states trying to make him the winner in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin and Georgia.

Many Republican representatives and senators planned to object the United States Congress's formally recognizing Biden's electoral college victory on January 6, 2021.[134] In early January 2021, Trump made a phone call to Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger in an attempt to find "11,780 votes" trying to remove Biden's victory in the state.[135]

U.S. Capitol riots

On January 6, 2021, while the United States Congress were certifying the election results, rioters stormed the United States Capitol in violent protests across Washington, D.C..[136]

After this, Trump got his Instagram, Facebook and Twitter accounts deleted.[137] On January 8, 2021, Trump was banned from Twitter.[138] The events from the Capitol riots led to new efforts to impeach Trump from the presidency.[139]

Second impeachment

His actions towards the Capitol riots, led to the U.S. House to impeach Trump for a second time, making him the only President to be impeached twice.[20]

Court appointments

During his presidency, Trump appointed three justices to the Supreme Court: Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett.[140]

After presidency

Election obstruction case (in federal court)

Trump is being prosecuted (as of 2024), "for trying to overturn the 2020 presidential election".[141] About when the case can go to trial: "it almost certainly" cannot happen before the presidential election in November, according to; Furthermore, about the chances of the case going to trial: "there’s still [a possibility, or] a narrow window" for that to happen.[142] The case is being handled by a lower court in the federal court system.[142]

Media said that the Supreme Court’s decision in July, says "that former presidents have “absolute” immunity from criminal prosecution over actions that fall within their “core constitutional powers,” and that they are also entitled to immunity for many other “official” acts."[141]

The indictment was [made narrow, or] narrowed[143] by the supreme court's decision (in July), according to media.

Earlier (August 1, 2023) a Washington D.C. federal grand jury indicted Trump on four counts related to his attempts to overturn the 2020 presidential election:

This Election obstruction case, is sometimes called the "federal election case in Washington D.C."[142][143] Trump is charged with conspiring to subvert the 2020 election, according to media.".[145][146]

2024 hearing in U.S. supreme court

The supreme court made (July 2024) its decision about its hearing about Trump's claim of immunity from prosecution.[147][146] The decision says, according to media, that "Trump is immune from prosecution for some [things, or] acts in" at least one of the court cases, the federal election case; Furthermore, "The opinion leaves much [without a decision, or] unresolved; Furthermore, the court has sent "the case back to trial court for further proceedings".[146]

Some of the decisions (by the court), are called an opinion.

Earlier (April 2024), the U.S. supreme court started to hear (ideas or) arguments about immunity against prosecution.[148][149][150]

The hearing is sometimes called Trump v. United States (2024).

Falsifying business records (trial in state court)

In May 2024, Trump was convicted by a jury; The judge (in the case) is supposed to hand down a sentence, on September 18;[141][151] Earlier, Trump "had a probation interview as part of the sentencing process for his criminal conviction", according to media; Furthermore, he "did the interview [by video link, or] virtually from his Florida home ... with a probation officer at the Manhattan court"; Trump's lawyer was alongside Trump.[152][153] From the day of getting his sentence, Trump will have 30 days to make an appeal.[154][151][155] Trump is not detained (as of the beginning of July). He has not been ordered to (pay or) post bail (in this case.)

A (theory about Law, or a) "legal theory [was used in the court case,] that [made it possible or] enabled prosecutors to [change or] transform 34 misdemeanor counts [...] into a felony case against" Trump, according to[156]

Earlier, Michael Cohen [gave] his testimony; He is "prosecutors’ key witness against" Trump, according to the media.[157] Earlier, Stormy Daniels gave her testimony.[158][159]

Earlier (April 15, 2024), the trial started.[160][161]

Earlier (March 30, 2023) the Manhattan district attorney's office confirmed that a New York grand jury had indicted Trump.[162] [163]

Classified documents case (in federal court)

There is no date for the trial in Florida [as of July 5]; Trump's lawyers have asked the judge, if Trump can get a "chance to argue the immunity issue", in front of the judge "between now and early September, [... and that will delay or pause] all other proceedings in the case by two months".[164][165][166] Earlier (March 1, 2024) a hearing was held; The judge "did not [make or] issue any rulings", during the hearing.[167] Earlier (June 8, 2023) the Justice Department indicted Trump in Miami federal court, for

  • on purpose, keeping "national defense information under the Espionage Act"; He has been charged with doing those 31 times.[168]
  • "One count of making false statements, and"[168]
  • (together with or) "jointly with a personal aide ... conspiracy to obstruct justice, withholding government documents, corruptly concealing records, concealing a document in a federal investigation and scheming to conceal [the efforts of those two people, or] their efforts".[169][168]

Trump pleaded not guilty to all charges.[170] The judge in the court case tried to find out in court if the U.S. attorney general "is supervising Jack Smith" [as of June 2024]; The judge did not get information about how much contact there is between the special prosecutors and the U.S. attorney general.[171]

On July 15, 2024, the judge at Donald Trump's trial for withholding classified documents after his departure from the White House annuls the entire procedure, considering that the appointment of special prosecutor Jack Smith was illegal.[172]

The case is sometimes called the Government and classified documents case.


On December 19, 2022, (a committee of the U.S. Congress, or) the United States House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack recommended criminal charges against Trump for obstructing an official proceeding, conspiracy to defraud the United States, and inciting or assisting an insurrection.[173] Earlier (August 8, 2022) FBI agents searched Trump's residence, office, and storage areas at Mar-a-Lago to find government documents and material Trump had taken with him when he left office in violation of the Presidential Records Act. The items taken in the search included 11 sets of classified documents; Four of those had the tag "top secret" and one had the tag "top secret/SCI", the highest level of classification.[174][175] The search warrant (was signed by, or) was approved by U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland.[176]

Other trials and cases

Georgia election interference case (in state court)

The state of Georgia has criminal charges against Trump. A trial "will not come before a jury in 2024", according to media (in June).[145] Furthermore, an appeals court made a decision (early June 2024), to stop pretrial proceedings while a panel (of three) judges thinks about having the lead prosecutor kicked off the case; She is also the district attorney of Fulton county.[145]

Earlier (May 2024), an appeals court made a decision to hear the [ demand] that the district attorney should be kicked off the case against Trump.[165][177][178] Three "of the 13 felony counts [that] Trump faces in the case", have been taken away, according to media (on March 13, 2024); Furthermore, "the central charge of a racketeering conspiracy aimed at overturning the results of the 2020 presidential election in the state", is still in place.[179] (A count, is an offence that a defendant gets charged with, in an indictment.)

As of 2024's first quarter, there are allegations that there has been (wrong behavior or) prosecutorial misconduct in that case.[180] The judge ruled (March 15) that the district attorney "can continue" in the case against "Trump and his co-defendants ... if one of her top prosecutors on the case ... is removed from the team"; That prosecutor resigned that day.[178] In regard to the court hearings[181] about taking the district attorney off the case (or disqualifying her): On March 1, there was a court hearing.[182][183][184] Earlier (February 27) one of those that witnessed at an earlier hearing, testified again;[185] He had been ordered to testify again.[186][187][188] Media said earlier (February 23) that a new[189] affidavit from a private investigator, says that phone records show that the district attorney and Nathan Wade had more than 2,000 phone calls and more than 11,000 text messages during an 11 month period of 2021; The district attorney and Wade have testified that they were not in a romantic relationship during that time;[190] Earlier (February 15) a hearing started; Earlier (February 12), the judge in the case said that he will consider taking district attorney Fani Willis off the case, if there was a financial conflict-of-interest between Willis and the man that she gave a job to (as special prosecutor in the Trump case); That man is Nathan Wade. Earlier (February 2), Willis said in a document to the court, that she has been in a personal relationship with Wade since 2022.

As of the beginning of March 2024, trial dates for 15 defendants have not been set; Four other defendants have earlier made a guilty plea.

The court case is in Fulton County Superior Court, a state court. Georgia election racketeering prosecution, is one of the names of the case.

New York State's fraud case (trial in civil court)

In September 2022, the New York State Attorney General filed a fraud case (a civil lawsuit) against Trump, his three oldest children, and the Trump Organization.[191]

In February 2024, the court found Trump (responsible according to law, or) liable.[192] Trump said he would appeal the verdict. In March, the court system said that he "can post a bond of $175 million while he appeals the verdict".[193] On April 1, he posted bond.[194] A U.S. authority has asked[195] [the court] (and "filed notice"), "for evidence that the company, which backed the bond ... can pay up if" necessary.[192][193][196]

The case is sometimes called New York civil investigation of The Trump Organization.[197][198][199][200]

E. Jean Carroll's lawsuits (trial in civil court)

In February 2024, there was a verdict against Trump.[192] The next month, Trump got "a bond that will prevent E. Jean Carroll from immediately enforcing [a c. $83 million, or] an $83.3 million defamation verdict while Trump" is appealing (or asking for another trial, in a higher court).[201][202][203]

Cases with a final decision (or verdict)

Case about being on the ballot (March 2024) in Illinois

Trump won a case in March 2024; He gets to have his name on the ballot in Illinois.[204] During the previous month, Trump appealed a court ruling in Illinois, that says that the Illinois Board of Elections must remove Trump's name from the ballot of the (March 19) primary election.[205][206]

2024 presidential campaign

On November 15, 2022, Trump announced his candidacy for the 2024 United States presidential election and created a fundraising account.[207][208]

He has won 995 delegates, as of March 6, 2024.[209] He needs to have 1,215 to win the primary elections (or the Republican presidential caucus).

  • Trump won in Utah, Alaska, California, Texas, Arkansas, Alabama, Maine, Oklahoma, Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, Colorado, Massachusetts and Minnesota. Those elections were held on Super Tuesday.[210][211]

On 15 July 2024, the first day of the Republican National Convention, Trump announced J. D. Vance as his nominee for vice president.[218]

Attempted assassination

Personal life

Trump has five children by three marriages and has ten grandchildren.[219] Trump is a Presbyterian.[220] As a child, he began going to church at the First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens.


The Trump family at a campaign rally in Des Moines, Iowa, February 2016

Trump married his first wife, Czech model Ivana Zelníčková, on April 7, 1977, at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan.[221] They had three children: son Donald Trump Jr. (born December 31, 1977), daughter Ivanka (born October 30, 1981), and son Eric (born January 6, 1984). Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988.[222] By early 1990, Trump's troubled marriage to Ivana and affair with actress Marla Maples had been reported in the tabloid press.[source?] They were divorced in 1992.

Trump married his second wife, actress Marla Maples in 1993. They had one daughter together, Tiffany (born October 13, 1993). The couple were separated in 1997 and later divorced in 1999.[223] In 1998, Trump began a relationship with Slovene model Melania Knauss, who became his third wife.[224][225] They were engaged in April 2004[226] and were married on January 22, 2005, at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church, in Palm Beach, Florida.[227][228] In 2006, Melania became a naturalized United States citizen. On March 20, 2006, she gave birth to their son, whom they named Barron Trump.[229]


Trump while hospitalized at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center with COVID-19 on October 3, 2020

A medical report by his doctor, Harold Bornstein MD, showed that Trump's blood pressure, liver and thyroid function were in normal range.[230][231] Trump says that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed other drugs, including marijuana.[232] He also does not drink alcohol, a decision after his brother's death caused by alcoholism.[233][234][235] His BMI, according to his December 2016 visit on Doctor Oz, is just under 30, which is "high".[236][237][238]

In February 2019, a new medical test found Trump to be clinically obese.[239] He was later diagnosed with coronary artery disease.[240]

On October 1, 2020, Trump announced on Twitter that he and his wife tested positive for COVID-19.[241] He was briefly hospitalized at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.[242]


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