sovereign state in northeast Africa

Sudan is a country in Africa. The official name of Sudan is The Republic of the Sudan. Its capital and largest city is Khartoum.

Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان
Jumhūriyyat al-Sūdān
Emblem of Sudan
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
"An-Naṣr lanā"
"Victory is ours"
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Location of Sudan
and largest city
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Official languages
National languageSudanese Arabic
GovernmentMilitary dictatorship
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
• Deputy Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council
Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo
Abdalla Hamdok
LegislatureTransitional Legislative Council
3500 BC
• Independence (from the United Kingdom and Egypt)
1 January 1956
9 January 2005
• Secession of South Sudan
9 July 2011
• Total
1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi) (15th)
• 2016 estimate
39,578,828[2] (35th)
• 2008 census
30,894,000 (disputed) [3]
• Density
21.3/km2 (55.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$186.715 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$115.874 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2009)35.3[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.490[6]
low · 165th
CurrencySudanese pound (SDG)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+249
ISO 3166 codeSD
Internet, سودان.
A map of Sudan


Sudan borders by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. Sudan has a sea to the northeast called the Red Sea.

Sudan used to have the largest area of all the countries in Africa. However, on July 9, 2011, the southern part of the country left and became a new country, South Sudan. Sudan now has an area of 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,723 square miles).[7] It is the third largest country in Africa by area. The Nile flows through Sudan, providing water to crops. There are many different tribal and ethnic groups, though the country is mainly divided between the north, which has more Arabic people, and the south, which has more people of African descent.


People from Sudan are called Sudanese. About 45 million people live in Sudan. About 4 million of these live in Khartoum or in towns that are joined to it.

Arabic is the official language of Sudan, but people also speak Nubian, Nilotic and English. Many other languages are spoken in different parts of the country as well.

Most Sudanese people have Islam as their religion. A small number are Christian. Some people have other religions that are called tribal (local) beliefs.

The currency of Sudan is called the Sudanese Pound (Jinneh).

The current leader of Sudan is Acting President Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf.


For several years, the Darfur conflict has been going on in Sudan. Over 400,000 people have died in it.

Related pagesEdit


  1. Rayah, Mubarak B. (1978). Sudan civilization. Democratic Republic of the Sudan, Ministry of Culture and Information. p. 64.
  2. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. "Discontent over Sudan census". News24. Cape Town. Agence France-Presse. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Sudan". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  7. "CIA - The World Factbook". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved November 29, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Sudan at Wikimedia Commons