James Richard "Rick" Perry (born March 4, 1950) is an American former politician. He was the 14th United States Secretary of Energy from March 2, 2017 through December 1, 2019. He was the Governor of Texas from 2000 to 2015. He is a Republican. He became governor when George W. Bush became President, and has been elected three more times. Perry was the longest governor in the United States for 14 years.
|14th United States Secretary of Energy|
March 2, 2017 – December 1, 2019
|Preceded by||Ernest Moniz|
|Succeeded by||Dan Brouillette|
|47th Governor of Texas|
December 21, 2000 – January 20, 2015
|Preceded by||George W. Bush|
|Succeeded by||Greg Abbott|
|39th Lieutenant Governor of Texas|
January 19, 1999 – December 21, 2000
|Governor||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Bob Bullock|
|Succeeded by||Bill Ratliff|
|9th Agriculture Commissioner of Texas|
January 15, 1991 – January 19, 1999
George W. Bush
|Preceded by||Jim Hightower|
|Succeeded by||Susan Combs|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives|
from the 64th district
January 8, 1985 – January 8, 1991
|Preceded by||Joe Hanna|
|Succeeded by||John Cook|
James Richard Perry
March 4, 1950
Haskell, Texas, U.S.
|Political party||Republican (1989–present)|
|Democratic (Before 1989)|
|Spouse(s)||Anita Thigpen (m. 1982)|
|Education||Texas A&M University, College Station (BS)|
|Branch/service||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1972–1977|
|Unit||772nd Tactical Airlift Squadron|
On December 13, 2016, then-President-elect Donald Trump nominated Perry to serve as United States Secretary of Energy during his administration. He was confirmed by the United States senate on March 2, 2017.
In 1984, Perry was elected to the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat from district 64, which included his home county of Haskell. He served on the House Appropriations and Calendars committees during his three two-year terms in office.
In April 1993, Perry, while serving as Texas agriculture commissioner, expressed support for the effort to reform the nation's health care, describing it as "most commendable".
In 1994, Perry was reelected Agriculture Commissioner by a large margin.
Governor of Texas (2000-2015)Edit
Perry assumed the office of governor on December 21, 2000, following the resignation of George W. Bush – who was preparing to become President of the United States. In the 2001 legislative session, Perry set a record for his use of the veto, rejecting 82 acts, more than any other governor in any single legislative session in the history of the state since Reconstruction. He was elected again in 2002. In 2002, Perry described the Texas same-sex anti-sodomy law as "appropriate".
Perry's campaigns for lieutenant governor and governor focused on a tough stance on crime. He has supported block grants for crime programs. In 2007, Perry signed a law ending automatic arrest for cannabis possession.
Perry supports the death penalty. In June 2002, he vetoed a ban on the execution of mentally retarded inmates. As of September 18, 2014, there have been 278 executions since Perry first took office in December 2000.
Perry was re-elected in 2006 and in 2010. In 2014, Perry announced that he would not run for a fourth term.
On August 15, 2014, Perry was indicted by a grand jury on felony charges for abuse of power. He was accused of threatening a Democratic District Attorney who had been convicted of drunk driving to resign by threatening to veto funding for state public corruption prosecutors. The indictment received some support and also wide criticism from all sides of the political parties, and editorial criticism from major US newspapers.
2012 presidential campaignEdit
Perry also ran for President of the United States in the 2012 Republican primaries. He was one of the last candidates to enter the race. He was a frontrunner for the nomination during the first month of his campaign, but he did not do well in many of the debates. On January 19, 2012, Perry withdrew his campaign and endorsed Newt Gingrich.
2016 presidential campaignEdit
On June 4, 2015, Perry officially announced his bid with a new web site and a press conference at Addison Airport outside Dallas, Texas. Perry then announced his candidacy at the scheduled press conference. On September 11, 2015, Perry dropped out of the race after poor polling after the first debate. He later announced his support for Ted Cruz and later Donald Trump for president.
2018 Texas United States senate raceEdit
Perry has been mentioned as a possible challenger to U.S. Senator and fellow 2016 Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz in 2018. Speculation about Cruz being challenged in the Republican primary arose during the 2016 Republican National Convention, when Cruz refused to endorse Donald Trump, the eventual Republican presidential nominee, whom Perry had endorsed after Cruz suspended his campaign. In a poll conducted from August 12 to 14 of that year by Public Policy Polling, Perry had a 46%-37% lead over Cruz. In November 2016, Perry declined to enter the senate race and endorsed Cruz in the elections.
United States Secretary of Energy (2017–2019)Edit
On December 12, 2016, multiple sources reported that Perry is to be nominated by President-elect of the United States Trump to serve as Secretary of the United States Department of Energy. His nomination was approved by a 16-7 vote from the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on January 31, 2017.
On March 2, 2017, Perry was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 62-37 vote.
On October 17, 2019, Perry told Trump he would resign by the end of the year. He officially stepped down on December 1, 2019.
A July 25, 2019 telephone call between Trump and Ukraine president Volodymyr Zelensky led in September to a whistleblower complaint and an impeachment inquiry against Trump. Two weeks after the inquiry was launched, Trump claimed in a conference call with Congressional Republican leaders that he had only made the telephone call at Perry's urging. Perry denied ever mentioning Joe Biden in his discussions with Trump or Ukrainian officials.
On August 30, 2016, Perry was announced as one of the celebrities who would compete on season 23 of Dancing with the Stars. He was partnered with professional dancer Emma Slater. Perry and Slater were eliminated on the third week of competition and finished in 12th place.
- Kudlow, Larry (March 6, 2015). "Captain Rick Perry: Time for a military man in the White House?". CNBC. Retrieved 13 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Major Garrett: Donald Trump chooses Rick Perry to be energy secretary". www.cbsnews.com.
- Bickerstaff, Steve (2010). Lines in the Sand: Congressional Redistricting in Texas and the Downfall of Tom DeLay. University of Texas Press. p. 21. ISBN 9780292783058.
- Ashford-Grooms, Meghan (September 24, 2011). "Ron Paul says Rick Perry wrote a letter supporting Hillarycare". Austin American-Statesman / PolitiFact.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Executive Branch: Budgetary Powers" Archived 2014-02-23 at the Wayback Machine, Texas Politics, University of Texas at Austin, retrieved June 20, 2011
- "The Limits of the Veto" Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine, Texas Politics, University of Texas at Austin, retrieved June 20, 2011
- Aaronson, Becca (June 17, 2011). "Vetoes — Then and Now". The Texas Tribune. Austin. Retrieved June 20, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Perry calls sodomy law 'appropriate'". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. December 4, 2002. Retrieved August 19, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Public Notes on 01-NGA10". On The Issues. September 14, 2001. Retrieved August 18, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Yoder, Steve (November 7, 2011). "The GOP, 'tough on crime' no more?" Salon.
- Thomas, Evan; Brant, Martha (November 10, 2007). "Injection of Reflection". Newsweek. Retrieved June 22, 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Death Row Information: Executed Offenders". Texas Dept of Criminal Justice. Retrieved October 11, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Texas Gov. Rick Perry announces he will not seek re-election in 2014". KTRK. July 8, 2013. Archived from the original on July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Perry indicted". Washington Post. August 15, 2014.
- "Texas Governor Rick Perry indicted by grand jury". Retrieved August 15, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Texas Gov. Rick Perry is indicted". LA times. Retrieved August 16, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Weissert, Will; Peoples, Steve (4 June 2015). "Rick Perry announces 2016 bid, a re-do from 2012". Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-06-04. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Bradner, Eric (June 4, 2015). "Rick Perry launches comeback bid for White House - CNNPolitics.com". CNN. Retrieved June 4, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Camia, Catalina; Jervis, Rick (4 June 2015). "Rick Perry launches 2016 presidential campaign". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2015-06-04. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Beckwith , Ryan Teague; Rhodan, Maya (June 4, 2015). "Rick Perry Announces Presidential Bid". Time. Retrieved June 4, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Tribune, The Texas; Livingston, Aman Batheja, Patrick Svitek and Abby (11 September 2015). "Rick Perry Suspends Presidential Campaign". The Texas Tribune.
- Barrouquere, Brett (August 25, 2016). "Ted Cruz eyeing 2020, but must clear Rick Perry, others for re-election". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 25, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Carney, Jordain (August 24, 2016). "Trump: Rick Perry would 'do well' against Cruz". The Hill. Retrieved August 25, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "2018 Texas Republican Primary Pollings" (PDF). Public Policy Polling. August 17, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Rick Perry tapped to be energy secretary under Donald Trump, reports say". mcclatchydc.
- Wolfgang, Ben (January 31, 2017). "Rick Perry, Ryan Zinke clear Senate committee with bipartisan support". The Washington Times. Retrieved January 31, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Haberman, Maggie; Friedman, Lisa (2019-10-17). "Perry Tells Trump He Will Resign as Energy Secretary". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- "Trump blames Energy Secretary Rick Perry for Ukraine call at center of impeachment inquiry". NBC News. October 6, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Calicchio, Dom (October 6, 2019). "Rick Perry denies discussing Bidens with Trump or Ukraine officials: reports". Fox News. Retrieved October 6, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "'DWTS' 2016 Celebrity Cast Revealed: Ryan Lochte, Amber Rose, Rick Perry Among Star Lineup". Good Morning America: Yahoo. August 30, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "'Dancing with the Stars' Results Live Blog: The Second Elimination". buddytv.com. September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rick Perry.|
- Official Website Archived 2012-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
- 2014 felony grand jury indictment
- The Perry Trap at The Austin Chronicle
- Collected news and commentary at The Economist
- Collected news and commentary at Fox News
- Collected news and commentary at the Houston Chronicle
- Collected news and commentary at the Texas Monthly
- Collected news and commentary at The Texas Observer
- Collected news and commentary at The Texas Tribune
- The Perry Watch at The Dallas Morning News
- Rick Perry 2012 at the Fort Worth Star-Telegram