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United States Secretary of Energy

position

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

United States Secretary of Energy
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Official Seal
Rick Perry official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Rick Perry

since March 2, 2017
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger
SuccessionFifteenth
Websitewww.doe.gov

List of Secretaries of EnergyEdit

 
The first Secretary of Energy, James Schlesinger
 
Hazel O'Leary, the first woman and African-American to hold the position
 
Spencer Abraham, Secretary from 2001 to 2005
Parties

  Democratic (6)   Republican (8)

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office Party President(s)
1   James R. Schlesinger Virginia August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Republican Jimmy Carter
2   Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Texas August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 Democratic
3   James B. Edwards South Carolina January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Republican Ronald Reagan
4   Donald P. Hodel Oregon November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 Republican
5   John S. Herrington California February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 Republican
6   James D. Watkins California March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican George H. W. Bush
7   Hazel R. O'Leary Virginia January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Democratic Bill Clinton
8   Federico F. Peña Colorado March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 Democratic
9   William B. Richardson New Mexico August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 Democratic
10   Spencer Abraham Michigan January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 Republican George W. Bush
11   Samuel Bodman Illinois February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009 Republican
12   Steven Chu California January 20, 2009 April 22, 2013 Democratic Barack Obama
13   Ernest Moniz Massachusetts May 21, 2013 January 20, 2017 Democratic
14   Rick Perry Texas March 2, 2017 Present Republican Donald Trump

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Origins". Department of Energy. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
  2. "The Clinton Administration". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-07-29.