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state in Germany

Bavaria (German: Bayern) is a State (Bundesland) of Germany. The territory of this state is the largest of the 16 German states. The state capital is Munich with 1.3 million people. About 12.5 million people live in Bavaria. Like many German states, Bavaria was once independent. Ludwig II of Bavaria was its last independent king.


Freistaat Bayern
Village church in Franconia
Village church in Franconia
Flag of Bavaria
Coat of arms of Bavaria
Coat of arms
Position of Bavaria in Germany
Position of Bavaria in Germany
 • Minister PresidentMarkus Söder (CSU)
 • Governing partyCSU
 • City70,549 km2 (27,239 sq mi)
 • City12,495,000
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)


Bavaria has seven parts: Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria), Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria), Schwaben (Swabia), Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), Unterfranken (Lower Franconia), Oberfranken (Upper Franconia) and Oberpfalz (Upper Palatinate). Bavaria has 71 districts and 25 free cities.

The highest point is the Zugspitze, which is also the highest mountain in Germany. Munich is the largest city, the second biggest city is Nuremberg (Nürnberg), which is famous for its gingerbread, a kind of Christmas bread that is often shaped like a Christmas tree, a snowman or Santa Claus.

Pope Benedict XVI was born in Bavaria.

Urban and rural districtsEdit


  1. "State population". Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved 2007-04-25.

Other websitesEdit