Bavaria (//; German and Bavarian: Bayern German pronunciation: [ˈbaɪɐn] (listen); originally spelled Baiern until the reign of King Ludwig I, who loved everything Hellenic), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern German: [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪɐn] (listen); Bavarian: Freistoot Bayern) is a State (Bundesland) of Germany. The territory of this state is the largest of the 16 German states. The state capital is Munich with 1.3 million people. About 12.5 million people live in Bavaria. Like many German states, Bavaria was once independent. Ludwig II of Bavaria was its last independent king.
Free State of Bavaria
Freistaat Bayern (German)
|Anthem: Bayernhymne (German)|
"Hymn of Bavaria"
|• Body||Landtag of Bavaria|
|• Minister-President||Markus Söder (CSU – Christian Social Union of Bavaria)|
|• Governing parties||CSU / FW|
|• Bundesrat votes||6 (of 69)|
|• Total||70,550.19 km2 (27,239.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||186/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||DE-BY|
|GRP (nominal)||€633 billion (2019)|
|GRP per capita||€48,000 (2019)|
very high · 6th of 16
Bavaria has seven parts: Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria), Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria), Schwaben (Swabia), Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), Unterfranken (Lower Franconia), Oberfranken (Upper Franconia) and Oberpfalz (Upper Palatinate). Bavaria has 71 districts and 25 free cities.
The highest point is the Zugspitze, which is also the highest mountain in Germany. Munich is the largest city, the second biggest city is Nuremberg (Nürnberg), which is famous for its gingerbread, a kind of Christmas bread that is often shaped like a Christmas tree, a snowman or Santa Claus.
Urban and rural districtsEdit
- "Bevölkerung: Gemeinden, Geschlecht, Quartale, Jahr". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). August 2020. Archived from the original on 18 December 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
- "GDP NRW official statistics". Archived from the original on 25 June 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- "Bayern". Boarische Wikipedia. 27 June 2021.
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