city and state capital of Tamil Nadu, India

Chennai (formerly known as Madras) is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has a population of about 7 million people. Almost 10% of all of the people in the state live in Chennai. The city is the fourth largest city of India. It was founded in 1661 by the British East India Company. The city is on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Chennai is the automobile capital of India. It is also referred as the Detroit of South Asia. The 12 km (7 mi) long Marina Beach in Chennai, is one of the longest beaches in the world. The city is separated into three parts by two rivers. The Cooum River divides the city into almost half and the Adyar River divides the southern half of the city into two parts. The historic Buckingham Canal runs through the city. It is almost parallel to the coast. The 350 year old city still has much of its old charm. Today, it is a big commercial and industrial centre. The city has much cultural heritage. The temples, shrines, forts and palaces of the city combine its past with the present. It is the birthplace of Indian politician Stalin

Gateway of South India,[1][2][3][4] Detroit of India,[5][6][7][8] Healthcare Capital of India,[9][10][11] Cultural Capital of South India[12]
Coordinates: 13°04′57″N 80°16′30″E / 13.0825°N 80.275°E / 13.0825; 80.275
StateTamil Nadu
Chennai as seen from space



Chennai and its nearby area has been an important administrative, military and economic centre back to the 1st century. Many South India kingdoms like the Pallava, the Chola, the Pandya and Vijayanagara Empires have ruled over the area. The British controlled the town in 1749. Under British control, the city grew into a major urban centre and naval base. The city grew up around the English settlement of Fort Saint George. It slowly grew in the nearby towns and villages. Chennai became the capital of Madras state (renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968) when India became independent in 1947.


  • Marina Beach - The world’s second longest beach. It is 12 km (7 mi) long.
  • Sri Parthasarathy Temple - Built by the Pallavas in the 8th century. The temple was dedicated to Lord Krishna. It has many images of Lord Vishnu.
  • Santhome Cathedral - The 500 year old cathedral was built by the Portuguese in honor of Saint Thomas.
  • Saint Thomas Mount -Built by the Portuguese, the church offers the very good views of the city.
  • Corporation Complex - The Ripon Building is in the Corporation Complex. It is the home of the oldest municipal government in India. It was built in 1913. The complex has a building with the design based on the Taj Mahal. The domed white building has parks and gardens, Nehru Stadium, Victoria Public Hall, a public meeting place out of the gas light era and Moore market.
  • Government Museum - The museum was created in the 1857. It is one of the country’s best museums. It has the collection of relics of 2nd century from the Buddhist site of Amaravati. The museum shows prehistoric antiques of South India and carvings of the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain faiths. There is also a collection of wood carvings from processional temple chariots. The museum also has a collection of South Indian musical instruments and jewellery, ancient icons and modern bronzes, including the famous bronze Natraja and the beautiful set of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman.
  • George Town-George Town is the commercial heart of the city. The streets are full with traders, buyers and their employees. Rajaji Salai (North Beach Road) separates George Town from the harbour. Along one side of it, there is much imperial architecture. George Town is bounded in the north by Old Jail Road and Clive Battery.
  • Valluvar Kottam - at Nungambakkam, the memorial was built for Tamil poet-saint, Thiruvalluvar. The memorial has also an auditorium. It can seat up to 4000 people.
  • Besant Nagar Beach, is a popular beach located in Adyar, Chennai. Besant Beach is known for its sandy shores and scenic views of the Bay of Bengal.
  • Kapaleeshwarar Temple Festival, is a famous temple located in Mylapore, Chennai provides a cultural immersion into Tamil Nadu's traditions.
  • Kishkinta Theme Park: For families and thrill-seekers, Kishkinta is a popular amusement park offering rides, water slides, and entertainment options for all ages.



Chennai is connected by airways, railways and roads with all the major towns of the country.

Chennai is linked with roads from rest of the country. The distance of major cities and towns from Chennai are:



Chennai railway station is connected with all the major railway stations of the country. These include Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Cochin, Hyderabad, Lucknow, and Varanasi.



The airport in Chennai is directly linked to airports of Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Goa, Bhubaneswar, Cochin, Hyderabad, Port Blair and Pune.

The international terminal is connected with other overseas airports including London, Tokyo, Brussels, Singapore, Dubai, Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur and New York.

It is one of the busiest airports in Asia.

Other websites



  1. Mohan, Vishnu (5 October 2020). "Scorching hot during summer and unbelievably crowded, the modern city of Chennai dipped in traditions from its Madras days never fails to surprise a traveller". Outlook Traveller. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  2. Vikas, S. V. (27 September 2018). "World Tourism Day 2018: Significance, theme and why it is observed". One India. New Delhi. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  3. Grover, Amar (17 September 2019). "Chennai unwrapped: Why the city is the great international gateway to South India". The National. Chennai. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  4. Sharma, Reetu (23 August 2014). "Chennai turns 375: Things you should know about 'Gateway to South India'". One India. Chennai. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  5. Business America. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1997. p. 14.
  6. Chris Devonshire-Ellis (2012). Doing Business in India. Springer. p. 218. ISBN 978-3-642-27617-0.
  7. U.S. International Trade Commission (2007). Competitive Conditions for Foreign Direct Investment in India, Staff Research Study #30. DIANE Publishing. pp. 2–10. ISBN 978-1-4578-1829-5.
  8. "The economist". 370 (8361–8364). Economist Newspaper Ltd. 2004: 282. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. "Chennai High: City gets most foreign tourists". The Times of India. Chennai. 27 August 2010. Archived from the original on 22 November 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  10. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers. "Chennai – India's Health Capital". India Health Visit. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  11. Hamid, Zubeda (20 August 2012). "The medical capital's place in history". The Hindu. Chennai. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  12. Kamath, Rina (2000). Chennai. Orient Blackswan. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-250-1378-5.