Vishnu

one of the principal deities of Hinduism

Vishnu is the supreme godhead of Vaishnavism (Para Brahman or Nirguna Brahman) in puranas. He is called Swambhagwan in the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Vishnu is one of the three main gods in Hinduism and is the supreme being in the Vaishnava tradition. Vishnu is a member of the Trimurti in Hinduism.[5]

Vishnu
God of preservation, reality, karma, divinity, super beauty, love, loveliness, destroyer of unrighteousness, protector of religion, godliness, restoration, and Moksha; the protector of good; Para Brahman, supreme being (Vaishnavism)[1][2]
Member of Trimurti
Vishnu Kumartuli Park Sarbojanin Arnab Dutta 2010.JPG
Vishnu on a kamal (lotus)
Other namesNarayana, Vasudeva, Hari, Lakshmikanta, Padmanābh, Mukunda
Devanagariविष्णु
AffiliationParabrahman, Trimurti, Bhagavan, Ishvara, Dashavatara
AbodeVaikuntha, Kshira Sagara
MantraOm Namo Narayanaya, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya
WeaponDiscus (Sudarshana Chakra),trident Mace (Kaumodaki), Conch (Panchajanya)[3]
SymbolsShaligram, Dvaravati sila, Lotus
MountGaruda,[3] Shesha
FestivalsHoli, Ram Navami, Krishna Janmashtami, Narasimha Jayanti, Diwali, Onam, Vivaha Panchami, Vijayadashami, Anant Chaturdashi, Devshayani Ekadashi, Prabodhini Ekadashi and other ekadashis, Kartik Purnima, Tulsi Vivah[4]
Personal information
ConsortLakshmi
Children
  • Kamadeva
  • Amrithvalli and sundaravalli (from Lakshmi)
  • Mangala, Narakasura (from Bhudevi)
  • Ayyappan (as Mohini)
  • Abikrishnan ( Krishn Avatar)
  • 18 more sons

Vishnu is the god of preservation, meaning he protects the universe from being destroyed. It is believed that Vishnu holds the Earth and all living organisms. According to the Hindu religion, he has set foot or arrived at the Earth in nine forms called avatars, so far with one incarnation yet to come that is Kalki at the last to be Kali Yuga, to destroy evil. His most famous incarnations are Rama, Krishna, Parashurama and Narasimha.

Vishnu's wife is Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and fortune. Vishnu is usually shown with a light blue skin and four arms. Vishnu holds a lotus or Padma, the indestructible mace of Vishnu (Kaumodaki), a conch (Shankha) and the unstoppable disc of Vishnu (Sudarshana Chakra) in each of his four hands. He is known to take many disguises, but the three main forms of Vishnu are Mahavishnu Karanodakshayi Vishnu (Mahavishnu), Garbhodaksayi Vishnu, and Kshirodakashayi Vishnu. The other two are the expansion of Karanodakshayi Vishnu.

AvatarsEdit

There are 10 avatars of Vishnu (in the order they appeared):

The diverse branches of the Hindu Tradition accept the ninth form of Vishnu as the following:

IconsEdit

Vishnu holds items in his four hands. He holds a conch in the upper left hand, which represents victory. He holds the Sudarshan Chakra in the upper right hand, which represents spiritual energy. In his lower left hand, a lotus (flower) represents peacefulness, and in his lower right hand, the Kaumodaki represents the Vishnu's powers.

 
Vishnu reveals his true form to Arjuna

Temples of Vishnu (Mahavishnu)Edit

The Kodlamane Shree Vishnumurthy Temple[6] is dedicated to Vishnu and is the ancient Tirth Kshetra. There is no other place like this anywhere in the Brahamanda.

Powers and abilitiesEdit

Vishnu has omniverse manipulation, absolute manipulation, meta manipulation, and preservation. As the preserver, Vishnu can control anything and everything. The power to protect everything from anything is the reason he is also called the supreme protector of his devotees.[7]

Absolute destruction: In the Vishnu purana, Vishnu is also described as the creator, destroyer, and preserver. As the destroyer, he can even destroy infinity or the omniverse.[7]

Omniverse creation or absolute creation: As the creator in Vishnu purana, Vishnu has the power to create everything, even infinity and beyond.[7] The power to have limitless power upon seeing the Supreme form of Vishnu. Arjuna describes him having infinite prowess or power.[8]

Vishnu has the power to do absolutely everything, even creating something that is bigger than infinity itself. In chapter 11 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna/Vishnu shows Arjuna everything—all creation: time, space, past, present, future, omniverse, fictional and real human beings, and more. It is beyond human imagination to actually comprehend it.[8]

Omniscience: the power to have infinite wisdom experience and knowledge.[9]

Omnipresent: The power to be everywhere at every time including beyond the omniverse in both past present and future.[8][10] When Krishna/Vishnu shows his Supreme appearance, it is described being everywhere, yet people can't see it because they don't have the divine vision. Only Maharishis/sages, gods, Sanjaya, and Arjuna are able to see this Vishvarupa.

Formless: Vishnu's true form is described as formless, infinite, boundless, inapplicable, without shape and color, according to Vishnu Purana.[7]

Absolute immortality: Chapter 1 of Vishnu purana describes Vishnu being boundlessly above the concept of death idea and life.[11]

Absolute Transcendence/Being Above All Things: The Vishnu Purana also describes Vishnu being above all descriptions such as logic, time, space, etc.[11] He is an infinite dimensional being according to Vishnu Sahasranamam.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Wendy Doniger (1999). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. p. 1134. ISBN 978-0-87779-044-0.
  2. Encyclopedia of World Religions. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. 2008. pp. 445–448. ISBN 978-1-59339-491-2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Constance Jones; James D. Ryan (2006). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase Publishing. pp. 491–492. ISBN 978-0-8160-7564-5.
  4. Muriel Marion Underhill (1991). The Hindu Religious Year. Asian Educational Services. pp. 75–91. ISBN 978-81-206-0523-7.
  5. "Vishnu | Hindu deity". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  6. Akshatha Vinayak, "Shree Vishnumurthy Temple Of Serenity and Mystery", Native Planet, 6-10-2016
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "The Vishnu Purana: Book I: Chapter II". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "The Mahabharata, Book 6: Bhishma Parva: Bhagavat-Gita Parva: Section XXXV (Bhagavad Gita Chapter XI)". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  9. Mukundananda, Swami. "Chapter 7, Verse 26 – Bhagavad Gita, The Song of God – Swami Mukundananda". www.holy-bhagavad-gita.org. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  10. Mukundananda, Swami. "Chapter 13, Verse 14 – Bhagavad Gita, The Song of God – Swami Mukundananda". www.holy-bhagavad-gita.org. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://hinduonline.co/scriptures/puranas/vishnupurana.html