area or object, smaller than a monument, which serves as a focus for memory of something

A memorial is an object which serves as a memory of something, usually a person who has died or a famous event. Statues are a popular type of memorial.

The memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Hawaii commemorates American dead from wars in the Pacific.

A memorial hall is a building which serves to remind people of something, again usually people who have died. Memorial halls in the United Kingdom and United States are usually about World War I or World War II. Memorial halls in Germany and Poland are often about the Holocaust, when Nazi Germany killed many Jewish people. Memorial halls in China are usually about the Japanese part of World War II. Among important memorial halls, there are the Nanjing Massacre Museum and the Yad Vashem.