Kyiv

capital and largest city of Ukraine

Kyiv or Kiev[a] (Ukrainian: Київ) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine. Almost three million people live there.

Kyiv

Київ

Kiev
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Банкова вул., 10 DSC 8398.JPGBohdan Khmelnytsky Kiev 2018 G6.jpg
17-07-02-Maidan Nezalezhnosti RR74377-PANORAMA.jpg
Flag of Kyiv
Flag
Coat of arms of Kyiv
Coat of arms
Kyiv is located in Ukraine
Kyiv
Kyiv
Kyiv in Ukraine
Kyiv is located in Europe
Kyiv
Kyiv
Kyiv (Europe)
Coordinates: 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45000°N 30.52333°E / 50.45000; 30.52333Coordinates: 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45000°N 30.52333°E / 50.45000; 30.52333
CountryUkraine
MunicipalityKyiv City Municipality
FoundedAD 482 (officially)[2]
City councilKyiv City Council
Raions
Government
 • Mayor and Head of City State AdministrationVitali Klitschko
Area
 • City with special status839 km2 (324 sq mi)
Elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2020)
 • City with special status2,967,360[1]
 • Density3,299/km2 (8,540/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,375,000 (2,013)[3] of the Kyiv metropolitan area
Demonym(s)Kyivan,[4] Kievan[5]
GDP (2017)
 • TotalUS$26.29 billion
 • Per capitaUS$8,970
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
01xxx–04xxx
Area code(s)+380 44
FIPS codeUP12
Vehicle registration plateAA, KA (before 2004: КА, КВ, КЕ, КН, КІ, KT)
Websitekyivcity.gov.ua

The city hosted the UEFA Euro 2012 final. Kyiv also hosted the Eurovision Song Contest in 2017.

Kyiv has a humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kiev (1981–2010, extremes 1881–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
17.3
(63.1)
22.4
(72.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.6
(92.5)
35.0
(95.0)
39.4
(102.9)
39.3
(102.7)
33.8
(92.8)
28.0
(82.4)
23.2
(73.8)
14.7
(58.5)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.0
(32.0)
5.6
(42.1)
14.0
(57.2)
20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
19.0
(66.2)
12.5
(54.5)
4.9
(40.8)
0.0
(32.0)
12.5
(54.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−3
(27)
1.8
(35.2)
9.3
(48.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.5
(65.3)
20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
14.2
(57.6)
8.4
(47.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
5.1
(41.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61.0)
15.2
(59.4)
10.2
(50.4)
4.9
(40.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
4.9
(40.8)
Record low °C (°F) −32.9
(−27.2)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−10.4
(13.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.4
(36.3)
5.8
(42.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.9
(26.8)
−17.8
(0.0)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−32.9
(−27.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.4)
39
(1.5)
37
(1.5)
46
(1.8)
57
(2.2)
82
(3.2)
71
(2.8)
60
(2.4)
57
(2.2)
41
(1.6)
50
(2.0)
45
(1.8)
621
(24.4)
Average rainy days 8 7 9 13 14 15 14 11 14 12 12 9 138
Average snowy days 17 17 10 2 0.2 0 0 0 0.03 2 9 16 73
Average relative humidity (%) 83 80 74 64 62 67 68 67 74 77 85 86 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42 64 112 162 257 273 287 252 189 123 51 31 1,843
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net,[10] Central Observatory for Geophysics (extremes)[11][12]
Source 2: Danish Meteorological Institute (sun, 1931–1960)[13]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. Oksana Lyachynska (31 May 2012). "Kyiv's 1,530th birthday marked with fun, protest". Kyiv Post.
  3. "Major Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  4. kyivan, Wiktionary.com (28 November 2017)
  5. kievan. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged, retrieved 29 May 2013 from Dictionary.com
  6. http://kyiv.ukrstat.gov.ua/p.php3?c=255
  7. Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
  8. Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  9. Zraick, Karen (13 November 2019). "Wait, How Do You Pronounce Kiev?". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  10. "Weather and Climate – The Climate of Kiev" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  11. "Кліматичні дані по м.Києву" (in Ukrainian). Central Observatory for Geophysics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  12. "Кліматичні рекорди" (in Ukrainian). Central Observatory for Geophysics. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  13. Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. "Ukraine – Kiev" (PDF). Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931–1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. p. 332. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2016.

Notes

  1. English: /ˈkɛv, -ɛf, kˈɛv, -ˈɛf/ KEE-ev, -ef, kee-EV, -EF,[7][8] US also /kv/ KEEV.[9] Ukrainian: [ˈkɪjiu̯] ( listen). Russian: [ˈkʲi(j)ɪf].