state in the southwest of the Federal Republic of Germany

Baden-Württemberg (/ˌbɑːdən ˈvɜːrtəmbɜːrɡ/,[2] German: [ˌbaːdn̩ ˈvʏʁtəmbɛʁk] (audio speaker iconlisten); Alemannic German: Baade-Wiirdebäärg) is a federal state (Bundesland) in the southwestern region of Germany. It is the third largest German state by total area (after Bavaria and Lower Saxony) with a size of nearly 35,752 km² and population (after North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria) with over 11 million people as of 2017. It shares borders to the east with the state of Bavaria, to the north with the states of Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate, to the west with the country of France (along the river Rhine), and to the south with the countries of Switzerland and Austria. Its biggest cities are Stuttgart, the capital, Mannheim, and Karlsruhe. The Minister President is Winfried Kretschmann of the party Alliance '90/The Greens.

Flag of Baden-Württemberg
Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates: 48°32′16″N 9°2′28″E / 48.53778°N 9.04111°E / 48.53778; 9.04111
 • Minister-PresidentWinfried Kretschmann (Greens)
 • Governing partiesGreens / CDU
 • Votes in Bundesrat6 (of 69)
 • Total35,751.46 km2 (13,803.72 sq mi)
 • Total11,023,424
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-BW
GDP/ Nominal€ 477/ $561 billion (2016) [1]
GDP per capita€ 42,000/ $49,400 (2015)
NUTS RegionDE1
(in German)
(in English)
Official logo

In 2017, Baden-Württemberg ranked 2 on the Human Development Index (HDI) among all states in Germany.[3]



In 1952, the three states of Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern joined to found Baden-Württemberg.



The Minister President is the chief of the government of Baden-Württemberg. The government is made up of ministers and state secretaries.

The CDU was the main political party in the state between 1953 and 2011, the Ministers President have all been members of the CDU. Between the years 1972 and 1992, the members of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg were mostly members of the CDU. But the state is also a stronghold of the "Grünen" which were founded in the early 1980s in Karlsruhe. The election results of the Grünen in Baden-Württemberg have always been above the election average for the party in Germany.

Since 2016 there have been 5 parties represented in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg:

List of Ministers President since 1952:

Term Minister President Party
1952–1953 Reinhold Maier DVP
1953–1958 Gebhard Müller CDU
1958–1966 Kurt Georg Kiesinger CDU
1966–1978 Hans Filbinger CDU
1978–1991 Lothar Späth CDU
1991–2005 Erwin Teufel CDU
2005–2010 Günther Oettinger CDU
2010–2011 Stefan Mappus CDU
2011–present Winfried Kretschmann Greens


The castle ruin in Weinsberg

The Black forest, the Swabian Alb and the Lake Constance are world famous holiday regions. The highest mountain is the Feldberg (1492m).

Other important cities for tourism in Baden-Württemberg besides the capital city of Stuttgart are: Freiburg, Heidelberg, Rastatt, Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Ulm, Ravensburg and Heilbronn.

The Danube, the Neckar and the Rhine are important rivers which are in the state.



Baden-Württemberg has the third largest economy in Germany after the economies of North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria. It had a gross regional product (GRP) of €524.33 billion in 2019.[4]



In the northern part of Württemberg and the Kurpfalz the majority are Protestants. But the other parts of the state, especially the south, the majority are Roman Catholics.

Statistics for Baden-Württemberg:

Confession Percentage Number
Roman Catholic 38.3% c. 4.1 mio.
Protestants 34.6% c. 3.7 mio.
Muslim 5.6% c. 600,000
Buddhists 0.23% c. 25,000
Hindus 0.14% c. 15,000
Jews 0.08% c. 9,000
Other or none 21.4% c. 2.25 mio.



Football is the most popular sport in Baden-Württemberg. The best clubs are the VfB Stuttgart and the SC Freiburg. In former times also Karlsruher SC (Karlsruher SC or KSC). Another popular sport is handball.


  1. Baden-Württemberg, Statistisches Landesamt. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – in Deutschland 1991 bis 2016 nach Bundesländern (WZ 2008) – VGR dL". Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
  2. Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter (eds.), English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2
  3. "Der HDI der deutschen Bundesländer". Retrieved 2020-12-31.
  4. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt von Baden-Württemberg bis 2019". Statista (in German). Retrieved 2020-12-31.

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