Mannheim

city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Mannheim (German pronunciation: [ˈmanhaɪm] (audio speaker iconlisten); Palatine German: Mannem[2] or Monnem) is a city in the southwest of Germany. It is in the northwest of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Mannheim
Flag of Mannheim
Coat of arms of Mannheim
Location of Mannheim
Mannheim is located in Germany
Mannheim
Mannheim
Mannheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Mannheim
Mannheim
Coordinates: 49°29′20″N 8°28′9″E / 49.48889°N 8.46917°E / 49.48889; 8.46917Coordinates: 49°29′20″N 8°28′9″E / 49.48889°N 8.46917°E / 49.48889; 8.46917
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord mayorPeter Kurz (SPD)
Area
 • Total144.96 km2 (55.97 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total309,721
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
68001 – 68309
Dialling codes0621
Vehicle registrationMA
Websitewww.mannheim.de

The city was built in the Rhine River valley where the Rhine and the Neckar Rivers meet. The city of Ludwigshafen is on the opposite bank of the Rhine. Mannheim and Ludwigshafen together with Heidelberg and other cities make a big area called "Rhine-Neckar-Area" or "Rhein-Neckar Triangle". Nearly 2.4 million people live in this area.

Skyline viewed from Heidelberg
Mannheim's landmark Water Tower
Mannheim's Castle. Today this building is a university.

As of 2020, 309,720 people live in the city.[3] Mannheim is the biggest city in "Rhine-Neckar-Area". It has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Mannheim has universities. The city has a history of important transport inventions. The first automobile,[4][5][6] tractor[6] and bicycle[6][7] (draisine or velocipede, as the earliest recognisable bicycles were called) were all made or presented for the first time in Mannheim. This is why the city is also called the "city of inventions".[8][9][10] The Forbes magazine ranked Mannheim 11th of the most inventive cities worldwide.[11]

During World War II almost all of the old city was destroyed. The houses were built again after the war. Year 2007 was the city's 400th birthday.

Mannheim is now an important city because of its business power and culture. The New Economy Magazine praised Mannheim's positive economic and innovative environment.[12]

It has very good transport connections, by road, rail and water.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1450570—    
16633,000+426.3%
177725,353+745.1%
180218,818−25.8%
187139,606+110.5%
1900141,131+256.3%
1919229,576+62.7%
1925247,486+7.8%
1933275,162+11.2%
1939284,957+3.6%
1950245,634−13.8%
1961313,890+27.8%
1970332,163+5.8%
1987295,191−11.1%
2011290,117−1.7%
2017307,997+6.2%
Source:[13][circular reference]

The following list shows significant groups of foreigners by nationalities.[14] 44,7% of all Mannheim inhabitants are from foreign descent. The population of Neckarstadt-West district is the most foreign (68.9%). The population of the Wallstadt district is the least foreign (23,1%).

Rank Nationality Population (31 December 2020)
1 Turkey 15,779 (5.12%)
2 Italy 8,165 (2.65%)
3 Bulgaria 6,997 (2.27%)
4 Poland 6,595 (2.14%)
5 Romania 5,663 (1.83%)
6 Croatia 4,565 (1.48%)
7 Greece 3,341 (1.08%)
8 Spain 1,754 (0.56%)
9 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,680 (0.54%)
10 Syria 1,642 (0.53%)
11 India 1,541 (0.5%)
12 Hungary 1,341 (0.43%)
13 France 1,266 (0.41%)
14 Kosovo 1,164 (0.37%)
15 Serbia 1,023 (0.33%)
16 China 1,022 (0.33%)
18 United States 933 (0.30%)
19 Yugoslavia 876 (0.28%)
20 Iraq 831 (0.27%)

Inventions made in MannheimEdit

EconomyEdit

Mannheim had a gross domestic product (GDP) of €20.921 billion in 2018. This makes it 17th on the list of German cities by GDP.

It is the economic centre of the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region. This is one of Germany's most important business locations.[15]

Sister citiesEdit

 
Telecommunication tower and Luisenpark

Mannheim is twinned with:[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  2. "Wörterbuchnetz - Pfälzisches Wörterbuch". woerterbuchnetz.de. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  3. "Mannheim - Einwohnerzahl bis 2020".
  4. Bertha Benz Memorial Route
  5. https://www.rheinpfalz.de/lokal/ludwigshafen_artikel,-benzin-im-blut-der-vergessene-mannheimer-auto-bauer-franz-heim-_arid,5164780.html?
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "The Manhattan of Germany: The innovative Mannheim city".
  7. "200 Jahre Fahrrad - Radfahrer erobern Mannheim zurück".
  8. "Mannheim: Die Stadt der Erfindungen - Mannheim - Nachrichten und Informationen".
  9. "Stadt der Erfinder - Grünstadt".
  10. "Stadt der Erfinder: Mannheimer Augustaanlage wird zur "Allee der Innovationen"".
  11. "World's 15 Most Inventive Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  12. "The rise of the smart city". The New Economy. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
  13. Link
  14. "Staatsangehörigkeiten der Ausländerinnen und Ausländer zum 31.12.2017". Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  15. "The rise of the smart city".
  16. "Partner- und Freundesstädte". mannheim.de (in German). Mannheim. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  17. "Swansea - Wales :Mannheim.de". Mannheim City website. Mannheim City. 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2011.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Mannheim at Wikimedia Commons