country in Eastern Europe

47°N 29°E / 47°N 29°E / 47; 29

Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova  (Romanian)
Coat of arms of Moldova
Coat of arms
Limba Noastră
"Our Language"
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
47°0′N 28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Largest citycapital a[1][2][3]
Official languagesRomanian
Recognised regional languagesBulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Maia Sandu
Dorin Recean
Independence from the USSR
23 June 1990
27 August 1991b
25 December 1991
• Constitution adopted
29 July 1994
• Total
33,846 km2 (13,068 sq mi) (138th)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
(excluding Transnistria)
• 2004 census
(excluding Transnistria)
(including Transnistria)
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (101st)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$18.057 billion[11]
• Per capita
$5,082 [11]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$6.084 billion[11]
• Per capita
$1,712 [11]
Gini (2010)Positive decrease 33.0[12]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.693[13]
medium · 107th
CurrencyLeu (MDL)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+373
ISO 3166 codeMD
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe.[14][15][16] Its full name is the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova, audio speaker iconlisten .) It used to be called Moldavia. It borders Ukraine to the east and Romania to the west.

The official language in Moldova is the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Russian Empire took almost half of the Principality of Moldova in 1812 and called it Bessarabia. Between 1918–1940 and 1941–1944 it was part of the Kingdom of Romania. It became independent from the Soviet Union after the latter country's dissolution.

The average monthly salary/wages are still low, standing at only US$243.[17] Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the European Union.[18]



  1. 1.0 1.1 "Chișinău recognizes Romanian as official language". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Associated Press. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  2. Roudik, Peter (23 December 2013). "Moldova: Romanian recognized as the official language". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  3. "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution". Constitutional Court of Moldova. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  4. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. July 14, 2011.
  5. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the functioning of languages on the territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-10-06.
  6. "Ион Гучак: На русском языке свободно говорит половина молдаван". Русский Мир. October 17, 2013.
  7. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. April 6, 2013.
  8. "Preliminary results of the 2014 census" (PDF) (Press release). National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova. 2 January 2015.
  9. "National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  10. "2004 census in Transnistria" (in Russian). Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016". International Monetary Fund. April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  12. "World Development Indicators: Distribution of income or consumption". The World Bank. 2014.
  13. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  14. "Moldova". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 27 November 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  15. "Moldova". Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 30 January 2016.[permanent dead link]
  16. The Free Dictionary: Moldova
  17., Eltonic -. "Average salary in Moldova goes up 8.2% - Moldova Azi". Archived from the original on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  18. "Romania lobbies for EU entry 'perspective' for Moldova". Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  •   Media related to Moldova at Wikimedia Commons