Transnistria, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR; Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика, romanized: Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika), is a de facto regime in Eastern Europe. It came to be between 1990 and 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Transnistria declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria. There has been peace since 1992, but the Council of Europe calls Transnistria a "frozen conflict" area. Currently, no state recognises Transnistria, officially the territory is part of Moldova.
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
Мы славим тебя, Приднестровье (Russian)
My slavim tebja, Pridnestrovje (transliteration)
We sing the praises of Transnistria
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Partially recognised state|
|2 September 1990|
• Independence from Soviet Union declared
|25 August 1991|
• Succeeds the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
|5 November 1991|
|2 March – 21 July 1992|
|3 non-UN membersc|
|4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
|114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2007 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Transnistrian rubled (PRB)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
• Summer (DST)
There is argument about whether Transnistria is really a country or not. It is recognized by three other unrecognized or partly recognized states: Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The area continues to claim independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.
In a vote in 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova, which calls the area the "Territory of the Left Bank of the Dniester".
Moldovans, Russians, and Ukraians make up about a third of the population each.
- "Конституция Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Официальный сайт Президента ПМР.
- "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. 14 July 2011.
- "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016.
- "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. 6 April 2013.
- The Supreme Soviet changed the official name of the republic from Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic on 5 November 1991. See: "Postanovlenie verkhovnogo soveta Pridnestrovskoi Moldavskoi Respubliki ob izmenenii nazvaniia respubliki," Dnestrovskaia pravda, 6 November 1991, 1.
- Populația Transnistriei a scăzut cu 14,3 la sută Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine
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