de facto unrecognized state in Eastern Europe that has declared independence from Moldova

Transnistria, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR; Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика, romanized: Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika), is a de facto country in Eastern Europe. It came to be between 1990 and 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Transnistria declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria. There has been peace since 1992, but the Council of Europe calls Transnistria a "frozen conflict" area. Currently, no state recognises Transnistria, officially the territory is part of Moldova.

Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic

  • Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ (Romanian)
    Republica Moldovenească Nistreană

  • Приднестровская Молдавская Республика (Russian)
    Pridnestrovskaja Moldavskaja Respublika

  • Придністровська Молдавська Республіка (Ukrainian)
    Prydnistrovsĭka Moldavsĭka Respublika
Flag of Transnistria
Coat of arms of Transnistria
Coat of arms
Мы славим тебя, Приднестровье (Russian)
My slavim tebja, Pridnestrovje  (transliteration)
We sing the praises of Transnistria

Location of Transnistria
StatusUnrecognised state
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
and largest city
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2015 census)
Demonym(s)Transnistrian, Pridnestrovian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Vadim Krasnoselsky
Aleksandr Rozenberg
Alexander Shcherba
LegislatureSupreme Council
Partially recognised state
• Independence from SSR of Moldova declared
2 September 1990
• Independence from Soviet Union declared
25 August 1991
5 November 1991[5]
2 March – 21 July 1992
• Recognition
3 non-UN membersc
• Total
4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
• Density
114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2007[7] estimate
• Total
US $1.0 billion
• Per capita
US $2,000
CurrencyTransnistrian rubled (PRB)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Calling code+373e
Internet TLDnonef
  1. Russian is the main official language.
  2. The Romanian language written in Cyrillic script is officially called Moldovan in Transnistria.
  3. Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Republic of Artsakh and South Ossetia (see Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations).
  4. Moldovan leu used in those areas under Moldovan control and in the security zone.
  5. +373 5 and +373 2.
  6. .md and .com are mostly used TLDs here, some companies use .ru as well.

There is argument about whether Transnistria is really a country or not. It is recognized by three other unrecognized or partly recognized states: Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The area continues to claim independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.

In a vote on 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova, which calls the area the "Territory of the Left Bank of the Dniester".

Transnistria is the only state to still use the hammer and sickle symbol on its flag.[8]

Russia has a big influence on the territory. Between 1.500 and 2.000 Russian soldiers are stationed on the territory. In addition, there may be up to 10.000 paramilitary troops.

Moldovans, Russians, and Ukrainians make up about a third of the population each.


  1. "Конституция Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Официальный сайт Президента ПМР. Archived from the original on 2016-11-25. Retrieved 2015-01-31.
  2. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. 14 July 2011.
  3. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016.
  4. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. 6 April 2013.
  5. The Supreme Soviet changed the official name of the republic from Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic on 5 November 1991. See: "Postanovlenie verkhovnogo soveta Pridnestrovskoi Moldavskoi Respubliki ob izmenenii nazvaniia respubliki," Dnestrovskaia pravda, 6 November 1991, 1.
  6. Populația Transnistriei a scăzut cu 14,3 la sută Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "The country that doesn't exist".