Transnistria, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR; Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика, romanized: Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika), is a partially-recognized state in Eastern Europe.
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Partially recognised state|
|2 September 1990|
• Independence from Soviet Union declared
|25 August 1991|
• Succeeds the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
|5 November 1991|
|2 March – 21 July 1992|
|3 non-UN membersc|
|4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
|114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2007 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Transnistrian rubled (PRB)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
• Summer (DST)
The country is recognized by three other partially or unrecognized states, Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The country declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria.
There is argument about whether it is really a country or not. The region continues to boast independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.
In a vote in 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova, which calls the territory the "Territory of the Left Bank of the Dniester".
- "Конституция Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Официальный сайт Президента ПМР.
- "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. 14 July 2011.
- "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016.
- "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. 6 April 2013.
- The Supreme Soviet changed the official name of the republic from Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic on 5 November 1991. See: "Postanovlenie verkhovnogo soveta Pridnestrovskoi Moldavskoi Respubliki ob izmenenii nazvaniia respubliki," Dnestrovskaia pravda, 6 November 1991, 1.
- Populația Transnistriei a scăzut cu 14,3 la sută Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine
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