Puppet state

state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power

A puppet state is a country that is officially independent, but not in practice. Puppet governments are usually kept in power by military force provided by an occupying country. Puppet state is a biased term. It is used to criticize the government of the alleged puppet state.


Examples of puppet states before World War II are:

World War IIEdit

In World War II the Axis countries created some puppet states, like:

After Italy surrendered in World War II the Italian Social Republic was a puppet state created by Germany.

Cold WarEdit

During the Cold War (1945-1989) these Eastern European countries were puppet states of the Soviet Union:

Next are economic puppets:

  • Austria (mostly in the east including Vienna and the old Soviet occupation zone until 1955) (U.S.S.R.)

In some of these countries the people overthrew the government, but each time they did that (before 1989) the Soviet Union and some of its other puppet states invaded and put the old government back in power. The Soviet Union had also some puppet states outside Europe, such as Mongolia. Some of these countries had more independence from the Soviet Union. For example, the Romanian government sided against the Soviets when they went into Czechoslovakia.

The United States also had some puppet states during the Cold War:


There are seven countries that can be called puppet states now:

Related pagesEdit