Banana republic

political science term for a politically unstable country
The phrase banana republic was coined (ca. 1904) by the American writer O. Henry (William Sydney Porter, 1862–1910).

A banana republic is a politically unstable country whose economy depends on the export of one product in limited supply, such as bananas or minerals. A banana republic has social classes that are divided by wealth. These include a large, poor working class and a small ruling class made up of the businessmen, politicians, and the military.[1] The ruling class controls and exploits the country's economy.[2]

Related pagesEdit


  1. White, Richard Alan (1984). The Morass. United States Intervention in Central America. New York: Harper & Row. p. 319. ISBN 978-0-06-091145-4.
  2. "Big-business Greed Killing the Banana (p. A19)". The Independent, via The New Zealand Herald. Saturday 24 May 2008. Retrieved Sunday 24 June 2012. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |journal= (help); Check date values in: |accessdate=, |date= (help)