country at the crossroads of Central and Southern Africa

The Republic of Zambia is a country in southern Africa. It shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. It used to be called Northern Rhodesia and it is currently named after the Zambezi River. Zambia is home to one of the seven natural wonders of the world, Victoria falls. Zambia has at least 72 spoken languages.

Republic of Zambia
Coat of arms of Zambia
Coat of arms
"One Zambia, One Nation"
Anthem: "Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free"
Location of Zambia
and largest city
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15.417°S 28.283°E / -15.417; 28.283
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Hakainde Hichilema
Mutale Nalumango
LegislatureNational Assembly
27 June 1890
28 November 1899
29 January 1900
17 August 1911
1 August 1953
24 October 1964
5 January 2016
• Established
• Total
752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi)[3] (38th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
19,473,125[4][5] (65th)
• 2010 census
• Density
17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (191st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$75.857 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$23.946 billion[7]
• Per capita
Gini (2015)57.1[8]
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.584[9]
medium · 146th
CurrencyZambian kwacha (ZMW)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+260
ISO 3166 codeZM

The capital of Zambia is Lusaka, which is also the largest city in the country. Hakainde Hichilema is the current president. Its motto is One Zambia, One Nation and its national anthem is Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free. Its official language is English.



Zambia originated from Northern Rhodesia. In 1964 Zambia became an independent country. The first president was Kenneth Kaunda, who ruled Zambia for 27 years. Zambia was a one party state. His United National Independence Party was the only legal party and all other parties were banned.

After protests, democratic elections were held in 1991. Kenneth Kaunda lost the elections and gave away his power in an orderly manner to his successor Frederick Chiluba, a former union leader.

Zambia is now a multi-party democracy. It has had four democratic elections since 1991. The latest presidential election was in 2021, which was won by Hakainde Hichilema against Edgar Lungu.



In 1969, Zambia was making a lot of money because of the copper deposits that were mined in Copperbelt province. When copper became cheaper in the 1970s, the economy got worse because people in Zambia were not making as much money from selling copper. Today, Zambia is a poor country. It does not have many industries. Copper is still its main export. Commercial farming in Zambia is starting to make more money.


The provinces of Zambia

Zambia is divided into ten provinces. Each province is divided into several districts. There are 117 districts all together. The provinces are:



The important places in Zambia are:

Cities in Zambia
Rank City Population[source?] Province Image
Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000 Est. 2007
1. Lusaka 735,830 1,069,353 1,684,703 2,146,522 Lusaka  
2. Ndola 297,490 367,228 397,757 467,529 Copperbelt  
3. Kitwe 283,962 288,602 363,734 409,865 Copperbelt  
4. Kabwe 127,422 154,318 176,758 193,100 Central  
5. Chingola 130,872 142,383 147,448 148,469 Copperbelt
6. Mufulira 138,824 123,936 122,336 119,291 Copperbelt
7. Livingstone 61,296 76,875 97,488 113,849 Southern  
8. Luanshya 113,422 118,143 115,579 112,029 Copperbelt  
9. Kasama 36,269 47,653 74,243 98,613 Northern
10. Chipata 33,627 52,213 73,110 91,416 Eastern  


  1. Census of Population and Housing National Analytical Report 2010 Archived 2017-11-14 at the Wayback Machine Central Statistical Office, Zambia
  2. "Africa :: Zambia — the World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the original on 2020-10-16. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  3. United Nations Statistics Division. "Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). Retrieved 9 November 2007.
  4. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  5. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  6. Central Statistical Office, Government of Zambia. "2010 Census Population Summaries" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Zambia". International Monetary Fund.
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  9. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.


  1. Official faith according to constitution