country on the west coast of Southern Africa

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa. It shares borders with Namibia in the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the north, and Zambia in the east. Its west border touches the Atlantic Ocean. Its coastline is 1600 kilometers. Angola's capital is Luanda. The country has many natural resources.[1][2] Angola is the seventh largest country in Africa. The capital and most populated city of Angola is Luanda.

Republic of Angola
República de Angola  (Portuguese)
  • Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin)
  • (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
and largest city
8°50′S 13°20′E / 8.833°S 13.333°E / -8.833; 13.333
Official languagesPortuguese
National languages
Ethnic groups
37% Ovimbundu
25% Ambundu
13% Bakongo
21% Other African
2% Mestiço (mixed European and African)
1% Chinese
1% European
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
João Lourenço
Bornito de Sousa
LegislatureNational Assembly
11 November 1975
22 November 1976
21 January 2010
• Total
1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
31,127,674[4] (46th)
• 2014 census
• Density
24.97/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (157th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$208.034 billion[6] (64th)
• Per capita
$6,850[6] (107th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$124.600 billion[6] (61st)
• Per capita
$4,101[6] (91st)
Gini (2018)51.3[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.581[8]
medium · 148th
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+244
ISO 3166 codeAO

Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.

History Edit

Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.

After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) until the end of apartheid. The war ended after the rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed.

Geography Edit

Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, the Republic of the Congo via the exclave of Cabinda, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Climate Edit

Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).

Demographics Edit

Map of Angola

Angola had a population of 25,789,024 in 2014.[9]

Provinces Edit

Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.

Map key Province Capital
1 Bengo Caxito
2 Benguela Benguela
3 Bié Kuito
4 Cabinda Cabinda
5 Cuando Cubango Menongue
6 Cuanza Norte N'dalatando
7 Cuanza Sul Sumbe
8 Cunene Ondjiva
9 Huambo Huambo
10 Huíla Lubango
11 Luanda Luanda
12 Lunda Norte Lucapa
13 Lunda Sul Saurimo
14 Malanje Malanje
15 Moxico Luena
16 Namibe Namibe
17 Uíge Uíge
18 Zaire M'banza-Kongo

See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.

Related pages Edit

References Edit

  1. "Angola". Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  2. "Angola - The World Factbook". Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  3. "Angola". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2015. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  4. "Início". Archived from the original on 2020-03-19. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  5. Resultados Definitivos do Recenseamento Geral da População e da Habitação de Angola 2014 [Final Results of the General Census of Population and Housing of Angola 2014] (PDF) (in Portuguese), Instituto Nacional de Estatística, March 2016, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: Angola". International Monetary Fund.
  7. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Angola". World Bank. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  8. "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  9. "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.

Other websites Edit

  •   Media related to Angola at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Angola travel guide from Wikivoyage