Angola

sovereign state in Africa

Angola, (/ænˈɡlə/), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.

Republic of Angola

República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Motto: 
  • Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin)
  • (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
Angola (orthographic projection).svg
Location Angola AU Africa.svg
Capital
and largest city
Luanda
8°50′S 13°20′E / 8.833°S 13.333°E / -8.833; 13.333
Official languagesPortuguese
National languages
Ethnic groups
(2000)
37% Ovimbundu
25% Ambundu
13% Bakongo
21% Other African
2% Mestiço (mixed European and African)
1% Chinese
1% European
Religion
(2015)[1]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
João Lourenço
Bornito de Sousa
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
11 November 1975
22 November 1976
21 January 2010
Area
• Total
1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2020 estimate
31,127,674[2] (46th)
• 2014 census
25,789,024[3]
• Density
24.97/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (157th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$208.034 billion[4] (64th)
• Per capita
$6,850[4] (107th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$124.600 billion[4] (61st)
• Per capita
$4,101[4] (91st)
Gini (2018)51.3[5]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.581[6]
medium · 148th
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+244
ISO 3166 codeAO
Internet TLD.ao

Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.

HistoryEdit

Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.

After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.

GeographyEdit

Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.

ClimateEdit

Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).

DemographicsEdit

 
Map of Angola

Angola had a population of 25,789,024 in 2014.[7]

ProvincesEdit

Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.

Map key Province Capital
1 Bengo Caxito
2 Benguela Benguela
3 Bié Kuito
4 Cabinda Cabinda
5 Cuando Cubango Menongue
6 Cuanza Norte N'dalatando
7 Cuanza Sul Sumbe
8 Cunene Ondjiva
9 Huambo Huambo
10 Huíla Lubango
11 Luanda Luanda
12 Lunda Norte Lucapa
13 Lunda Sul Saurimo
14 Malanje Malanje
15 Moxico Luena
16 Namibe Namibe
17 Uíge Uíge
18 Zaire M'banza-Kongo

See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Angola". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  2. "Início". www.ine.gov.ao. Archived from the original on 2020-03-19. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  3. Resultados Definitivos do Recenseamento Geral da População e da Habitação de Angola 2014 [Final Results of the General Census of Population and Housing of Angola 2014] (PDF) (in Portuguese), Instituto Nacional de Estatística, March 2016, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: Angola". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Angola". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  6. "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  7. "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.

Other websitesEdit

  •   Media related to Angola at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Angola travel guide from Wikivoyage