Angola, (//), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.
Republic of Angola
and largest city
|Recognised national languages|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|Bornito de Sousa|
• from Portugal
|11 November 1975|
|1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (23rd)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
|14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi) (199th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|$128.288 billion (64th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|$118.719 billion (61st)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.508|
low · 148th
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+1 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO|
Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.
Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.
After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.
Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).
Angola's population is estimated to be 18,498,000 (2009).
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.
See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.
- Eisenhammer, Stephen (September 26, 2017). "Angola's first new president in 38 years vows to fight graft". Reuters. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009). "World Population Prospects, Table A.1" (PDF). 2008 revision. United Nations. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2009. Cite journal requires
- Population Forecast to 2060 by International Futures hosted by Google Public Data Explorer
- "Angola". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.