Angola, (//), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa. It shares borders with Namibia in the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the north, and Zambia in the east. Its west border touches the Atlantic Ocean. Its coastline is 1600 kilometers. Angola's capital is Luanda. The country has many natural resources.
Republic of Angola
República de Angola (Portuguese)
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
21% Other African
2% Mestiço (mixed European and African)
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic|
|Bornito de Sousa|
|11 November 1975|
|22 November 1976|
|21 January 2010|
|1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
• 2014 census
|24.97/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (157th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
|$208.034 billion (64th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
|$124.600 billion (61st)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2019)|| 0.581|
medium · 148th
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO|
Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.
Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.
After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.
Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).
Angola had a population of 25,789,024 in 2014.
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.
See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.
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