Bulgarian (български език, [ˈbɤ̞lɡarski ɛˈzik]) is an Indo-European language. It is spoken mainly in Bulgaria and parts of North Macedonia, Serbia, Ukraine and Moldova. The Bulgarian language is similar to the Macedonian and the Serbian languages, which are part of the South Slavic branch of Slavic languages. There are nearly 9 million people in 2011 who use Bulgarian as their main language.
|Native to||Bulgaria, Turkey, Serbia, Greece, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia and among emigrant communities worldwide|
|9 million (2005–2012)|
|Cyrillic (Bulgarian alphabet)|
Official language in
|Regulated by||Institute for the Bulgarian language at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Институт за български език към Българската академия на науките (БАН))|
Bulgarian is a part of the so-called Balkan "Sprachbund" or linguistic group, which also includes Greek, Macedonian, Romanian, Albanian and Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. This does not mean the languages are necessarily related, but that they share certain loanwords and grammatical characteristics due to frequent contact over the years.
- "Bulgarian language". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press.
- Rehm, Georg; Uszkoreit, Hans. "The Bulgarian Language in the European Information Society". Springer Science+Business Media.
- Law of Ukraine "On Principles of State Language Policy, Article 7, part 2 (in Ukrainian)
- "Bulgarian language statistics". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 24 March 2013.