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Albanian language

Indo-European language

The Albanian language (Shqip) is an Indo-European language. It is spoken mostly in Albania (3,500,000), Kosovo and 500,000 Republic of North Macedonia.

Albanian
shqip, gjuha shqipe
Pronunciation[ʃcip]
Native toAlbania, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Albanian diaspora
Native speakers
5.4 million in the Balkans (2011)[1]
Indo-European
  • Albanian
Dialects
Latin (Albanian alphabet)
Albanian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Albania
 Kosovo
 North Macedonia[a]
 Montenegro[a][2]
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byOfficially by the Social Sciences and Albanological Section of the Academy of Sciences of Albania
Language codes
ISO 639-1sq
ISO 639-2alb (B)
sqi (T)
ISO 639-3sqiinclusive code
Individual codes:
aae – Arbëresh
aat – Arvanitika
aln – Gheg
als – Tosk
Glottologalba1267[3]
Linguasphere55-AAA-aaa to 55-AAA-ahe (25 varieties)
Albanian dialects.svg
The dialects of the Albanian language.
(The map does not indicate where the language is majority or minority.)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Counting from one to 10 in Albanian

Other websitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Albanian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Arbëresh at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Arvanitika at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Gheg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tosk at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Albanian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.