North Macedonia (Macedonian: Северна Македонија - Severna Makedonija) officially the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Република Северна Македонија - Republika Severna Makedonija) is a country located on the Balkan peninsula and in Southeastern Europe. North Macedonia borders Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east. The country's currency is the Macedonian denar (MKD).
Republic of North Macedonia
Република Северна Македонија
Republika Severna Makedonija
Денес над Македонија
Denes nad Makedonija
Today over Macedonia
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|25,713 km2 (9,928 sq mi) (148th)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2002 census
|80.1/km2 (207.5/sq mi) (122nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.728|
high · 78th
|Currency||Macedonian denar (MKD)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||MK|
North Macedonia is often called a land of lakes and mountains. There are more than 50 large lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2000 meters above sea level.
The language spoken by the majority of the population is Macedonian. Albanian is also spoken by the Albanian minority (25%) living in the country. North Macedonia has two official languages, Macedonian and Albanian (since 2019).
What is now North Macedonia used to be a state called Socialist Republic of Macedonia in the southeastern part of the country of Yugoslavia. When that country broke up in 1991, North Macedonia became independent.
In past centuries the territory which today is the Republic of North Macedonia was ruled by many different states and empires.
Greece and the Republic of North Macedonia were arguing over the name Macedonia. The United Nations calls the Republic of North Macedonia, "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM) (Macedonian: Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија - ПЈРМ - Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija -PJRM). The north and northeast part of Greece has been called Macedonia for ages and officially since 1912, just like Kent, the southeast county of England, has been called Kent for a long time. 'FYROM' is also used by NATO and many other international organisations. But, many countries now call the country 'Republic of Macedonia'. The United Kingdom, for example, uses Republic of Macedonia in the diplomatic list.
On 17 June 2018, North Macedonia and Greece agreed to the Prespa agreement which would see the country change its name to the Republic of North Macedonia. The government started completing the constitutional change needed to change the country's name, which was completed on 12 February 2019.
Macedonia is a democratic country with a parliament.
- "The Macedonian language, written using its Cyrillic alphabet, is the official language in the Republic of Macedonia.", Article 7 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
- "Languages Law passed in Parliament". macedoniaonline.eu. 26 July 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
Using the Badenter principles, the Parliament had passed the use of languages law that will touch all ethnicities in Macedonia. The law doesn't allow for use of Albanian or any other minority language as a second official language on Macedonia's territory.
- "Regional Languages of Macedonia". CIA World Factbook. 2002 census. Check date values in:
- Population from the State Statistical Office.
- "Report for Selected Country". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- "CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing :: Distribution of family income – Gini index". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Foreign Embassies in the UK".
- "Greece and Macedonia sign agreement on name change,| Macedonia News | Al Jazeera". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
- Kitsantonis, Niki (2018-06-17). "Macedonia and Greece Sign Historic Deal on Name Change". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-29.