Open main menu

Slavic peoples

Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia
Countries where most people are Slavic and there is at least one Slavic national language      West Slavic      East Slavic      South Slavic

Slavs are the people who live in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, Central Asia and North Asia. Present-day Slavic peoples are classified into West Slavs (mainly PolesCzechs, and Slovaks), East Slavs (mainly RussiansBelarusians, and Ukrainians), and South Slavs (mainly SerbsBulgariansCroatsBosniaksMacedoniansSlovenes, and Montenegrins)

Albanians, Austrians, Hungarians, Romanians, Estonians, Lithuanians, and Latvians live near the Slavic nations, but they are not Slavs themselves. There are more Slavic peoples than any other ethnic group in Europe. Russians make up the most Slavs, followed by Poles and Ukrainians.

There are many small historic Slavic nations like Lusatia, Rusin, Kashubia and others. Russia is now the most powerful and populated Slavic country, but in the 10th century Serbs and Czechs were powerful, and in the 16th century Poland was the strongest nation in the area.

The Slavic languages are closely related. The largest similarities can be found within the same group (e.g. Polish and Slovak, both West Slavic languages), but similarities exist even between Slavic languages from other different subgroups (e.g. Bulgarian and Russian). However, the greatest similarities exist between Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian - these South Slavic languages are considered separate by the Bosnian and Croatian governments, but most linguists say they are one language called Serbo-Croatian (since the differences between Croatian, Bosnian and Serbian are less significant than those between the variants of English,[1] German,[2] Dutch,[3] or Hindi–Urdu[4] and the mutual intelligibility between their speakers "exceeds that between the standard variants of English, French, German, or Spanish[5]).

Slavic languages are spoken natively by 300 million people, and as second or third languages by many more people in countries as far apart as Germany and China.

ReferencesEdit

  1. McLennan, Sean (1996). "Sociolinguistic Analysis of "Serbo-Croatian"". Calgary Working Papers in Linguistics 18: 107. ISSN 0823-0579. http://www.shaav.com/professional/linguistics/serbocroation.pdf. Retrieved 24 April 2019. 
  2. Pohl, Hans-Dieter (1996). "Serbokroatisch – Rückblick und Ausblick" [Serbo-Croatian – Looking backward and forward]. In Ohnheiser, Ingeborg (ed.). Wechselbeziehungen zwischen slawischen Sprachen, Literaturen und Kulturen in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart : Akten der Tagung aus Anlaß des 25jährigen Bestehens des Instituts für Slawistik an der Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 25. – 27. Mai 1995. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Slavica aenipontana ; vol. 4 (in German). Innsbruck: Non Lieu. p. 219. OCLC 243829127. More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)
  3. Gröschel, Bernhard (2003). "Postjugoslavische Amtssprachenregelungen – Soziolinguistische Argumente gegen die Einheitlichkeit des Serbokroatischen?" (in German). Srpski jezik 8 (1–2): 180–181. ISSN 0354-9259. https://archive.org/details/Postjugoslavische_Amtssprachenregelungen_Bernhard_Groeschel_2003. Retrieved 24 April 2019. 
  4. Blum, Daniel (2002). Sprache und Politik : Sprachpolitik und Sprachnationalismus in der Republik Indien und dem sozialistischen Jugoslawien (1945–1991) [Language and Policy: Language Policy and Linguistic Nationalism in the Republic of India and the Socialist Yugoslavia (1945–1991)]. Beiträge zur Südasienforschung ; vol. 192 (in German). Würzburg: Ergon. pp. 125–126. ISBN 978-3-89913-253-3. OCLC 51961066.
  5. Thomas, Paul-Louis (2003). "Le serbo-croate (bosniaque, croate, monténégrin, serbe): de l'étude d'une langue à l'identité des langues" (in French). Revue des études Slaves 74 (2–3): 325. ISSN 0080-2557. OCLC 754204160. Template:ZDB. http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/slave_0080-2557_2002_num_74_2_6801. Retrieved 24 April 2019.