republic in Northern Europe

Estonia /isˈtniə/ (About this soundlisten) (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893.[8]

Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy
Location of  Estonia  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official languagesEstoniana
Recognised regional languagesVõro
Ethnic groups
69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
GovernmentParliamentary republic
• President
Kersti Kaljulaidc
Taavi Rõivas
Ene Ergma (IRL)
Independence from 
• Total
45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
1,340,194[2] (151st)
• 2012 census
• Density
29/km2 (75.1/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$27.313 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$22.225 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2009)31.4
HDI (2011)Increase 0.835[5]
very high · 34th
CurrencyEuro ()e (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eef
  1. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
  2. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[6]
  3. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[7] Pechory remains under Russian control.
  5. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
  6. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Estonia had its independence restored in 1991. [9]It became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on 29 March 2004. It joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.

Estonia is east from the Baltic Sea and the northest of the Baltic States.

The Riigikogu is the name of the parliament in Estonia.

Hiiu CountyLääne CountySaare CountyHarju CountyLääne-Viru CountyIda-Viru CountyRapla CountyPärnu CountyJärva CountyViljandi CountyJõgeva CountyTartu CountyValga CountyPõlva CountyVõru CountyCounties of Estonia
About this image

Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa.

Estonia has many forests, almost 50% of the land is covered with forests. Estonia has over 1,400 lakes and 1,500 islands.

International rankingsEdit

The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.

Index Rank Countries reviewed
Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012 1st 47
Index of Economic Freedom 2010 14th 157
Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007 5th 45
Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 3rd 179
State of World Liberty Index 1st 159
Human Development Index 2010[5] 34th 169
Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 29th 178
Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010 25th 133
Ease of Doing Business Index 2011 17th 158
State of The World's Children's Index 2012[10] 10th 165
State of The World's Women's Index 2012 18th 165
Legatum Prosperity Index 2011 33rd 110

According to Estonia has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world with an average download speed of 27.12 Mbit/s.[11]

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  2. "Statistics Estonia". 1 January 2011.
  3. "2012. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census)" (PDF) (in Estonian and English). 1. Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia). 2012. ISBN 9985-74-202-8. Unknown parameter |subtitle= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Estonia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  6. "Võrokesed ees, setod järel". Postimees. 13 July 2012.
  7. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II[dead link]
  8. "World Bank, World Development Indicators - Google Public Data Explorer".
  9. "The August coup and Estonian independence (1991)".
  10. "Reports and Publications". Save the Children.
  11. "Household Download Index". Retrieved 12 February 2012.

Other websitesEdit