country in Western Europe

Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe. Its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). It is a small country by land area. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. In 2015, its population was 569,700, making it one of Europe's most densely populated countries.

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Coat of arms of Luxembourg
Coat of arms
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
49°36′N 6°7′E / 49.600°N 6.117°E / 49.600; 6.117
Official languagesLuxembourgish
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Henri (List)
Xavier Bettel (List)
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
9 June 1815
19 April 1839
11 May 1867
• End of personal union
23 November 1890
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
511,840[1] (170th)
• 2001 census
• Density
194.1/km2 (502.7/sq mi) (67th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$41.221 billion[2] (94th)
• Per capita
$80,119[2] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$58.412 billion[2] (69th)
• Per capita
$113,533[2] (1st)
HDI (2011)Increase 0.867[3]
very high · 25th
CurrencyEuro ()2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lu3
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.



Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

Districts, cantons, and communesEdit

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts, which are further divided into 12 cantons and then 102 communes. Twelve of the communes have city status, of which the city of Luxembourg is the largest.


The districts are

  1. Diekirch
  2. Grevenmacher
  3. Luxembourg

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Population: 511 840 habitants au 1er janvier 2011", Le Portail des statistiques: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 3 May 2011. (in French) Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Luxembourg". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  3. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  4. Abnett, Kate (29 February 2020). "Luxembourg becomes first country to make public transport free". Reuters. Luxembourg. Retrieved 10 April 2020.