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Luxembourg (district)

one of three districts of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

The District of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg) was one of three districts of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital was Luxembourg City.

Luxembourg
District
Country  Luxembourg
Capital Luxembourg
 - coordinates 49°36′36″N 6°08′00″E / 49.61000°N 6.13333°E / 49.61000; 6.13333
Area 904.34 km² (349 sq mi)
Population 401,041 (2014) [1]
Density 443 /km² (1,147 /sq mi)
District 24 February 1843
Subdivisions 4 cantons
46 communes
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 LU-L
Location of the Luxembourg district
Location of the Luxembourg district

In 2015, the districts were abolished.[2]

The district is to the southwest of the country. It was the second largest district of the three districts, with an area of 904.34 km2 (349.2 sq mi). It was the district with more people living in it with a population, in 2014, of 401,041 inhabitants and a population density of 443.5 inhabitants/km².[1]

HistoryEdit

When the districts were created on 24 February 1843, Luxembourg was one of the three of the country.[3]

On 30 May 1857, the Mersch canton was taken from the Luxembourg district to made part of the new district of Mersch.[4] on 4 May 1867, the new district was abolished and the Mersch canton was made again a part of the Luxembourg district.[5]

On 2012, the communes of Bascharage and Clemency were combined to make the new commune of Käerjeng. So the number of communes changed from 47 to 46.[6]

GeographyEdit

The district of Luxembourg is bordered to the north by the Diekirch district, to the east by the Grevenmacher district, to the south by France (the Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle départements) and to the west by Belgium (the Belgian province of Luxembourg).

CompositionEdit

The Luxembourg district has 4 cantons and 46 communes.

Canton Capital Area[7]
(km²)
Population[1]
(2014)
Density
(inhab./km²)
Communes
1 Capellen Capellen 199.21 43,607 218.9 10
2 Esch-sur-Alzette Esch-sur-Alzette 242.77 160,960 663.0 14
3 Luxembourg Luxembourg 238.46 167,199 701.2 11
3 Mersch Mersch 223.90 29,275 130.8 11

Cantons and their communesEdit

 
Place called Schack near Bascharage, Luxembourg
 
Saint-Maximin chapel in Clemency, Luxembourg
 
The castle of Mersch, Luxembourg
 
The seven fountains of Septfontaines, Luxembourg
  1. Capellen
    1. Dippach
    2. Garnich
    3. Hobscheid
    4. Käerjeng
    5. Kehlen
    6. Koerich
    7. Kopstal
    8. Mamer
    9. Septfontaines
    10. Steinfort
  2. Esch-sur-Alzette
    1. Bettembourg
    2. Differdange
    3. Dudelange
    4. Esch-sur-Alzette
    5. Frisange
    6. Kayl
    7. Leudelange
    8. Mondercange
    9. Pétange
    10. Reckange-sur-Mess
    11. Roeser
    12. Rumelange
    13. Sanem
    14. Schifflange
  3. Luxembourg
    1. Bertrange
    2. Contern
    3. Hesperange
    4. Luxembourg
    5. Niederanven
    6. Sandweiler
    7. Schuttrange
    8. Steinsel
    9. Strassen
    10. Walferdange
    11. Weiler-la-Tour
  4. Mersch
    1. Bissen
    2. Boevange-sur-Attert
    3. Colmar-Berg
    4. Fischbach
    5. Heffingen
    6. Larochette
    7. Lintgen
    8. Lorentzweiler
    9. Mersch
    10. Nommern
    11. Tuntange

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Population by canton and municipality 1821 - 2014". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  2. "Loi du 2 septembre 2015 portant abolition des districts" (PDF) (in French). Service central de législation. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  3. (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1843, No. 17" (PDF). Service central de législation. p. 45. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  4. (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1857, No. 16" (PDF). Service central de législation. p. 5. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  5. (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1867, No. 17" (PDF). Service central de législation. p. 1. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  6. (French) "Mémorial A, 2011, No. 110" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  7. "Surface area of the cantons and municipalities". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 5 May 2014.