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Estonian language

Finno-Ugric language spoken in Estonia

The Estonian language (eesti keel) is a Finno-Ugric language. It is mainly spoken in Estonia. The Estonian language is similar to Finnish. Estonian is one of the national languages of Europe that is not an Indo-European language.

Estonian
eesti keel
Native toEstonia
EthnicityEstonians
Native speakers
1.1 million (2012)[1]
Uralic
Latin (Estonian alphabet)
Estonian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Estonia
 European Union
Regulated byInstitute of the Estonian Language / Eesti Keele Instituut, Emakeele Selts (semi-official)
Language codes
ISO 639-1et
ISO 639-2est
ISO 639-3estinclusive code
Individual codes:
ekk – Standard Estonian
vro – Võro
Glottologesto1258[2]
Linguasphere41-AAA-d
Idioma estonio.PNG
Distribution of estonian language
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Estonian uses the Latin alphabet. It has many vowels, including Ö, Ä, Õ and Ü.

It has been influenced by and has got many words from German and Swedish. Estonian language also has different dialects.

Examples of Estonian wordsEdit

Üks One
Kaks Two
Kolm Three
Jah Yes
Ei No
Mina/Ma I
Sina/Sa You (in singular)
Tema/Ta He/She
Meie/Me We
Teie/Te You (in plural)
Nemad/Nad They
Olen/Mina olen I am
Eesti Estonia
Maja House
Kodu Home
Tee Way


  1. Estonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Standard Estonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Võro at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Estonian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.